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The New Jersey Child Fatality and Near Fatality Review Board (Board) is in but not of DCF and was established by the New Jersey Comprehensive Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CCAPTA). The purpose of the Board is to review fatalities and near fatalities of children in order to identify their causes, relationship to governmental support systems, and methods of prevention.

The Board is multi-disciplinary and membership consists of ex-officio members and six public members with expertise or experience in child abuse that are appointed by the Governor. Four Regional Community-Based Review Teams operate under the aegis of the Board and its composition mirrors that of the Board. The Board also functions as a citizen review panel and conducts monthly meetings that are by invitation only.