Office of Policy and Economic Analysis
Renewable transportation fuels include liquid and gaseous fuels derived from renewable biomass energy sources. Use of transportation fuels made from renewable supplies of organic material such as agricultural waste, municipal solid waste, certain crops and sustainably grown and harvested wood can reduce dependence on fossil fuels while promoting local businesses. To accelerate the use of fuels derived from renewable sources, Congress established standards under the Energy Policy Act of 2005 designed to encourage blending of renewable fuels into the motor vehicle fuel supply. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 includes specific annual volume standards for total renewable fuels and also for the specific renewable fuel categories of cellulosic biofuel, biomass-based diesel and advanced biofuel. The lifecycle environmental impact of these fuel sources is an important consideration in evaluating the value of petroleum substitutes.
BES is working with other state agencies and stakeholders to explore the potential for development and use of fuels made from sustainable biomass in New Jersey. Though a number of biofuel feed stocks and technologies are in the development stage, biodiesel is currently the only renewable fuel that is available commercially at a large scale. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel produced from agricultural resources such as vegetable oils. In the United States, most biodiesel is made from soybean oil, but canola oil, recycled cooking oils and animal fats are also used.
The DEP Division of Air Quality provides guidance on why the use of used cooking oil and straight vegetable oil as motor vehicle fuels is prohibited. Click here to learn more.