|Glossary - P
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PAMS – means Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Station.
Particles – means any material, except uncombined water,
which exists as liquid particles or solid particles at standard
PM2.5 – means a class of air contaminants, which includes
all particulate matter having an aerodynamic diameter less
than or equal to a nominal 2.5 microns.
PM10 – A criteria air pollutant; Means a class of air
contaminants, which includes all particulate matter having
an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to a nominal 10
microns. Particulate matter includes dust, soot
and other tiny bits of solid materials that are released into
and move around in the air. Particulates are produced by many
sources, including burning of diesel fuels by trucks and buses,
incineration of garbage, mixing and application of fertilizers
and pesticides, road construction, industrial processes such
as steel making, mining operations, agricultural burning (field
and slash burning), and operation of fireplaces and woodstoves.
Particulate pollution can cause eye, nose and throat irritation
and other health problems.
Peak Ozone Season – means June 1 through August 31,
Permit – means any permit issued pursuant to the requirements
established under the Air Pollution Control Act, N.J.S.A. 26:C-1
et seq., or N.J.A.C. 7:27-1 et seq., except to the extent that
the permit includes any prohibition established solely pursuant
to N.J.A.C. 7:27-8.8(f).
PJM – means PJM Interconnection LLC, or any successor
to PJM as the Regional Transmission Organization, approved
by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), serving
a region that includes New Jersey as well as all or parts of
Point Source - A stationary location or fixed facility from
which pollutants are discharged; any single identifiable source
of pollution; e.g. a pipe, ditch, ship, ore pit, factory smokestack.
Pollutants – unwanted chemicals or other material found
in the air. Pollutants can harm health, the environment
and property. Many air pollutants occur as gases or vapors,
but some are very tiny solid particles: dust, smoke, or soot.
Potential to Emit – means the maximum aggregate capacity
of a source operation or of a facility to emit an air contaminant
under its physical or operational design. Any physical
or operational limitation on the capacity of a source operation
or a facility to emit an air contaminant, including control
apparatus, and restrictions on hours of operation or on the
type or amount of material combusted, stored or processed,
shall be treated as part of its design if the limitation is
federally enforceable. If there is no federally enforceable
limitation on the hours of operation of a course operation,
then any determination of the maximum design capacity shall
be based on a presumption of operation at 8760 hours per year. This
term includes the fugitive emissions emitted by the source
operation or facility as calculated in a manner consistent
with the provisions of N.J.A.C. 7:27-21 and current guidance
issued by the Department pursuant thereto.
Precursor – In photochemistry, a compound antecedent to a
pollutant. For example, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and
nitrogen oxides react in sunlight to form ozone or other photochemical
oxidants. As such, VOCs and oxides of nitrogen are precursors.
Primary Standard – A pollution limit based on health effects.
Primary standards are set for criteria air pollutants.