Governor Chris Christie • Lt.Governor Kim Guadagno
NJ Home | Services A to Z | Departments/Agencies | FAQs  
State of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
State of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
DEP Home | About DEP | Index by Topic | Programs/Units | DEP Online 

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Program
MAIL CODE: 401-02C
P O Box 420   
401 East State Street, 2nd Floor
Trenton, New Jersey 08625-0420
Telephone: (609) 984-6985 Telecopier: (609) 633-9839

Guidance Document for the Management of
Asbestos-containing Material (ACM)
(Updated 1/11/2013)

The information outlined herein is intended to serve only as guidance to persons interested in understanding the regulation of asbestos disposal in New Jersey. This guidance must be consulted in conjunction with the solid waste regulations at N.J.A.C. 7:26 et seq. and other relevant regulations to understand the complete requirements for disposal of asbestos containing materials. For the reader's convenience, an unofficial version of N.J.A.C. 7:26 et seq. can be found using the "NJ Regulations" selection on the Department's Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Program's web page at http://www.state.nj.us./dep/dshw or directly by using the Web link http://www.state.nj.us./dep/dshw/resource/rules.htm .

This guidance document summarizes the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's (Department) regulations N.J.A.C. 7:26-1 et seq. pertaining to the generator and transporter requirements for the management, transportation and disposal of asbestos-containing material (ACM). The guidance document is intended only as a guide to the regulations to help the reader understand the regulations and does not replace the regulations in any context.

 


Regulatory Agency Overview

The following is an overview of regulation of ACM and regulated ACM (RACM) among various State and Federal agencies:

The Department regulates only the management, transportation and disposal of ACM. In concert with county health departments, the Department investigates reports of unregistered transporters and illegal disposal.

The Department of Labor (DOL), Asbestos Control and Licensing Section, licenses asbestos abatement contractors and issues performance permit identification cards to abatement workers and supervisors employed by those contractors. In the effort to protect public health and safety, DOL enforces the Asbestos Control and Licensing Act (N.J.S.A. 34:5A-32 et seq.) by conducting inspections involving the abatement of friable and nonfriable asbestos containing materials in ALL private, public, commercial and residential buildings in New Jersey, including those asbestos projects performed in schools and public buildings under the Asbestos Hazard Abatement Sub-Code. DOL investigates illegal or improper abatements in any type of building, and routinely inspects the work of licensed contractors and their employees. DOL may be reached at telephone number (609) 633-2159. DOL's fax number is (609) 633-0664.

The Department of Community Affairs (DCA), Asbestos/Lead Unit certifies asbestos safety technicians and authorizes asbestos safety control monitoring firms; provides information on methods of asbestos remediation for projects under the jurisdiction of N.J.A.C. 5:23-8 (educational facilities, public buildings, daycare center or nursery.) DCA enforces the provisions of the Asbestos Hazard Abatement Sub-Code pertaining to schools and public buildings. DCA investigates complaints and routinely inspects the work of monitors. DCA may be reached at telephone number (609) 633-6224. DCA' s fax number is (609) 633-1040.

The Department of Health (DOH) is the lead agency for asbestos and environmental health information, administers the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (AHERA), provides site audits and Quality Assurance/Quality Control program for asbestos abatement in schools. DOH also provides training and accreditation for asbestos training providers and conducts studies to evaluate asbestos abatement and management methods. DOH may be reached at telephone number (609) 826-4950 and the DOH fax number is (609) 826-4975.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) enforces the AHERA and the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), and regulates ACM abatements in residences of more than 4 units, commercial buildings and Federal facilities. USEPA may be reached at telephone number (212) 637-4080 and USEPA's fax number is (212) 637-3998.

Definitions of Terms

The following definitions of terms used in this guidance document are associated with ACM and are taken from New Jersey's Solid Waste Regulations at N.J.A.C. 7:26-1.4; and the Asbestos Licenses and Permits Regulations at N.J.A.C. 8:60 et seq.:

Asbestos - means the asbestiform varieties of serpentinite (chrysotile), riebecktie (crocidolite), cummingtonite-grunerite, anthophyllite, and actinolite-tremolite.

Asbestos-containing Material (ACM) - means any material containing more than one percent asbestos which has been applied on any ceiling, wall, duct, boiler, tank, pipe, structural member, or on any other part of a building or equipment. (N.J.A.C. 8:60-2.1)

Asbestos-containing Waste Materials (ACWM) - means mill tailings or any waste that contains commercial asbestos and is generated by a source subject to the provisions of 40 C.F.R. 61.140. This term includes filters from control devices, friable asbestos waste material, and bags or other similar packaging contaminated with commercial asbestos. As applied to demolition and renovation operations, this term also includes regulated asbestos-containing material waste and materials contaminated with asbestos including disposable equipment and clothing.

Category I Nonfriable Asbestos-containing Material - means asbestos containing packings, gaskets, resilient floor covering (vinyl, asbestos tile (VAT), and asphalt roofing products containing more than one percent asbestos as determined using methods specified in appendix A, subpart F, 40 C.F.R. Part 763, Section 1, Polarized Light Microscopy.

Category II Nonfriable Asbestos-containing Material - means any material, excluding Category I nonfriable asbestos-containing material, containing more than one percent asbestos as determined using methods specified in appendix A, subpart F, 40 C.F.R. Part 763, Section 1, Polarized Light Microscopy that, when dry, cannot be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure.

ID 13C Construction and Demolition Solid Waste - means waste building material and rubble resulting from construction, remodeling, repair, and demolition operations on houses, commercial buildings, pavements and other structures, but not including other solid waste types.

ID 27A Solid Waste - means waste material consisting of asbestos or asbestos-containing waste.

Friable Asbestos Material - means any material containing more than one percent asbestos as determined using methods specified in appendix A, subpart F, 40 C.F.R. Part 763, Section 1, Polarized Light Microscopy (PLM) that, when dry, can be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure. If the asbestos content is less than 10 percent as determined by a method other than point counting by PLM, the asbestos content shall be verified by point counting using PLM.

Nonfriable Asbestos-containing Material - means any material containing more than one percent asbestos as determined using methods specified in appendix A, subpart F, 40 C.F.R. Part 763, Section 1, Polarized Light Microscopy (PLM) that, when dry, cannot be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure.

Regulated Asbestos-containing Material (RACM) - means friable asbestos material, Category I nonfriable asbestos-containing material that has become friable, Category I nonfriable asbestos-containing material that will be or has been subjected to sanding, grinding, cutting, or abrading, or Category II nonfriable asbestos-containing material that has a high probability of becoming or has become crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by the forces expected to act on the material in the course of demolition or renovation operations.

Resilient Floor Covering - means asbestos-containing floor tile, including asphalt and vinyl floor tile, and sheet vinyl floor covering containing more than one percent asbestos as determined using polarized light microscopy according to the method specified in Appendix A, Subpart F, 40 C.F.R. part 763, section 1, Polarized Light Microscopy.

Material with Less than 1 % Asbestos Content and Category I Waste Material

If the waste is removed from a residential building (four or less dwelling units) or a commercial facility building and contains less than 1% asbestos as determined by Appendix A, Subpart F, 40 C.F.R. Part 763, Section 1, Polarized Light Microscopy, the waste is not regulated under USEPA's National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for asbestos. This waste material in New Jersey must be mannaged and disposed of as ID 13C, Construction and Demolition Waste as defined at N.J.A.C. 7:26-2.13(g)iv.

Prudent guidance for handling any wastes suspected or known to contain any form or amount of asbestos is to maintain the wastes in a fully wetted condition at all times until the waste is safely packaged and disposed of at a permitted disposal facility.


Material Containing Greater than 1 % Asbestos but is not NJDEP Regulated ACM

If the ACM being removed contains 1% or more of asbestos and is from a residential building or commercial facility and is a Category I nonfriable asbestos material that is not in poor condition and is not friable, this waste may be managed and disposed of as either ID 13C, construction and demolition debris or ID 27A solid waste in New Jersey. According to the USEPA, this is based on the fact that Category I nonfriable asbestos materials, which are asbestos-containing resilient floor covering, asphalt roofing products, packing and gaskets rarely become friable if handled responsibly. Generally these materials do not release significant amounts of asbestos fibers, even when damaged. However, during the demolition activity, the waste must be handled in a responsible manner which will not cause the Category I nonfriable material to become friable and become a regulated asbestos-containing material (RACM).

ACWM that contains 1% or more of asbestos as determined by Appendix A, Subpart F, 40 C.F.R. Part 763, Section 1, Polarized Light Microscopy, and is from either a residential or commercial building shall be managed and disposed of as ID 27A waste as defined at N.J.A.C. 7:26-2.13(g)viii in New Jersey.

ACWM being removed from a residential building having four or fewer dwelling units would not meet the definition of a facility in accordance with 40 C.F.R. 61.141, and therefore, is excluded from NESHAP regulations, but the material is still required to be managed and disposed of as ID 27A waste in New Jersey.

Prudent guidance for handling any wastes suspected or known to contain any form or amount of asbestos is to maintain the wastes in a fully wetted condition at all times until the waste is safely packaged and disposed of at a permitted disposal facility.

NJDEP Regulated Asbestos-containing Material (RACM)

If the material cannot retain the classification as a Category I or II nonfriable ACM and is classified as RACM and is greater than 260 linear feet or 160 square feet on other facility components or greater than 35 cubic feet of facility components where the length or area could not be measured prior to stripping, removal, dislodging, cutting, or drilling, the generator is required to submit written notification as outlined in the following section at least 10 days prior to beginning the renovation activity and comply with the disposal requirements of RACM in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:26-2.12, including management and disposal at a permitted solid waste facility as ID 27A solid waste in New Jersey. The generator shall follow the requirements of 40 C.F.R. 61.145(c) in removing RACM from the facility to control asbestos emissions. These procedures include adequately wetting all RACM exposed during removal and ensuring that it remains wet until collected and is sealed in leak-tight containers or leak-tight wrapping and labeled as specified by Occupational Safety and Health Standards of the U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in preparation for disposal in accordance with 40 C.F.R. 61.150.

Notification Requirements

Generators of RACM shall submit a written notification of intention to demolish in accordance with 40 CFR 61.145 to 61.155 and N.J.A.C. 7:26-2.12 to the addresses below (excluding residential buildings having four or fewer dwelling units) at least 10 days prior to beginning the demolition activity.

Generators of RACM shall submit a written notification to renovate in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:26-2.12 to the addresses below (excluding residential buildings having four or fewer dwelling units) at least 10 days prior to beginning the renovation activity unless the combined amounts of RACM to be stripped, removed, dislodged, cut, drilled or similarly disturbed is less 260 linear feet or 160 square feet on other facility components or less than 35 cubic feet of facility components where the length or area could not be measured prior to stripping, removal, dislodging, cutting, or drilling.

The required 10-day notifications shall be submitted to the following offices:

United States Environmental Protection Agency- Region 2
Division of Enforcement and Compliance Assistance-Air Compliance Branch (DECA-ACB)
290 Broadway -21st Floor
New York, NY 10007-1866
Fax Number (212) 637-3998
Phone Number (212) 637-4080

Pursuant to DCA' s regulation N.J.A.C. 5:23-8, a 10-day notification for any Subchapter 8 project shall be submitted to the DCA at the following address:

Department of Community Affairs
Division of Codes and Standards
Asbestos/Lead Unit
101 South Broad Street
P.O. Box 816
Trenton, NJ 08625-0816
Fax Number (609) 633-1040
Phone Number (609) 633-6224

Pursuant to DOL' s regulation N.J.A.C. 12:120-7.2, a 10-day notification for any project over 3 linear feet or 3 square feet involving friable and nonfriable ACM shall be submitted to the DOL at the following address:

Department of Labor
Division of Public Safety & Occupational Safety & Health
Asbestos Control & Licensing Section
P.O. Box 949
Trenton, NJ 08625-0949
Fax Number (609) 633-0664
Phone Number (609) 633-2159


Pursuant to DOH's regulation N.J.A.C. 8:60-7.2, a 10-day notification for asbestos abatement shall be submitted to the DOH at the following address:

New Jersey Department of Health
Indoor Environments Program
Consumer and Environmental Health Services
P. O. Box 369
Trenton, NJ 08625-0369
Fax Number (609) 826-4975
Phone Number (609) 826-4950

 

Disposal Requirements for Demolition and Renovation Activities

In accordance with 40 C.F.R. 61.150, the disposal requirements of major sources of ACM include restrictions on visible emissions, provisions for wetting the ACM, packaging, sealing, labeling, record keeping, and reporting. The requirements of 40 C.F.R. 61.150(a) which address the discharge of visible emissions as applied to demolition and renovation do not apply to Category I nonfriable ACM waste and Category II nonfriable ACM waste that did not become crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder. All ACM material shall be disposed of as soon as practical in accordance with 40 C.F.R. 61.150(b) except for Category I nonfriable ACM that is not RACM.

In cases where ACM is produced in quantities below that referenced at 40 C.F.R. 61.145(a), that is if the combined amounts of RACM to be stripped, removed, dislodged, cut, drilled or similarly disturbed is less 260 linear feet or 160 square feet on other facility components or less than 35 cubic feet of facility components where the length or area could not be measured prior to stripping, removal, dislodging, cutting, or drilling or from residential buildings having four or fewer dwelling units, the Department recommends the generator contact the county health department and/ or district waste management officials or the local township to determine
if local restrictions exist and to what extent they would apply to the generator's activities. The generator should wet all friable ACM, bag or other similarly containing material (poly-wrapping) of the ACM for curbside pick-up or direct delivery to an authorized landfill by a registered transporter. If the ACM is impossible to bag due to its size or shape, the Department suggests the wetting of the ACM (if friable) and placed in a lined (at least 6 mil thick liner) and sealed bulk container for transport for disposal.

It is recommended that when entering into a contract with a licensed asbestos contractor for any demolition or renovation activity, the generator (owner/operator of the site) should assess and fully investigate the transportation and disposal responsibilities of the ACM before any generation of ACM is started at the site.

Management of Abandoned-in-place Asbestos Cement Pipe

The management of abandoned-in-place asbestos-cement pipe (ACP) should adhere to the following regulations and guidelines:

1. Operations involving demolition or renovation activities of ACP, such as crushing ACP in place, are regulated under the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) rules defining the Asbestos National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) found at 40 CFR Part 61 Subpart M and the USEPA Applicability Determination Detail Control Number: C99 dated July 17, 1991, from John B. Rasnic for guidance with compliance to 40 CFR Part 61).

2. All abandoned-in-place ACP shall be placed and maintained at a minimum of six feet below final grade.

3. A deed notice must be filed, detailing the risks of exposure and responsible party contact information, with the USEPA, the county and this office.

The intent in having such a documentation requirement is to ensure that the existence of the abandoned ACP is known, to both future property owners and those who may conduct activity that could disturb the abandoned ACP. In cases where the ACP being replaced runs under a public right-of-way, such as a street, sidewalk or other public use, the following steps should be used to ensure adequate notification:

1. Determine if the right-of-way in question has designated lot and blocks. If a lot and block designation does exist, then normal deed notice procedure, detailing the risks of exposure and responsible party contact information, can then be followed.

2. If no lot and block designation exists, then:

a) Written notice shall be provided to the agency (Federal, state, county or municipal) responsible for oversight of the given right-of-way, and this office.

b) This notice should outline the exposure risks associated with disturbance of the abandoned-in-place ACP.

c) Include the name, address and business telephone number of the person/agency responsible for oversight of the repair project.

Regardless of the type of notice required, the agency or company that owns or is responsible for the pipe that is being repaired should ensure that the extent of abandoned-in-place ACP is identified on the electronic and/or hard-copy map of the pipe system used by the agency or company. The mapping should conform to the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) specifications for Right-of-Way Plans found in the NJDOT CADD Standards Manual.

Pursuant to State law, all persons planning to perform excavation activities must ascertain the location of all underground utilities in the excavation area by contacting the relevant utility agencies. It is important that this information concerning the abandoned-in-place ACP is available to any persons who may perform any future excavation in the area. By ensuring that detailed information regarding the location of the ACP debris and the need for avoiding disturbance of this material is available, an uncontrolled release incident can be prevented. The party abandoning the ACP in place is responsible for maintaining the six-foot depth of coverage of the ACP.

Transportation of Asbestos and ACM

The transportation of asbestos and ACM in New Jersey shall be in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:26-3.5(d) and the following:

1. Registered New Jersey solid waste vehicles are required for the transportation of ACM and any solid waste containing asbestos. All vehicles shall be designed to prevent any spillage or leakage or emissions.

2. No transporter shall transport asbestos and/or ACM unless such waste is properly packaged in accordance with 40 C.F.R. 61.150.

3. The asbestos or ACM shall be transported in a manner that prevents the rupture of the asbestos containers in loading, transport, and unloading operations.

4. Once collected, asbestos and/or ACM shall be transported directly from the point of generation to the solid waste landfill or transfer station permitted to receive such wastes.

5. There shall be no visible air emissions during loading, transporting, or unloading operations.

If an individual waste generator has properly packaged ACM for disposal, no matter how small the quantity, and is refused curbside pick-up by the local township, the individual may make arrangements for the disposal of the waste at an authorized landfill by contacting the landfill directly. The individuals may elect to transport their own material to an authorized landfill for disposal in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:26-3.3(a)2 in a vehicle registered with the New Jersey Division of Motor Vehicles as having a maximum gross vehicle weight of 9,000 pounds for a single vehicle or 16,000 pounds combined maximum gross vehicle weight for a vehicle pulling a trailer.


NJDEP-approved Operating Commercial Sanitary Landfills

The following landfills are approved operating commercial landfills authorized to accept solid waste type ID27A asbestos or asbestos containing waste:

Facility Name Address Telephone Number
Atlantic County Utilities Authority
6700 Delilah Road,
Egg Harbor Twp.
609-272-6950
Cape May County MUA Kearney Ave & Route 610
Upper Twp. & Woodbine Boro
609-465-9026
Cumberland County Solid Waste Jesse's Bridge Rd,
Rt. 636
Complex Deerfield Twp.
856-825-3700
Gloucester County Solid Waste Complex Swedesboro-Monroeville Rd.
South Harrison Twp.
856-478-6045
Middlesex County Sanitary Landfill Edgeboro Rd.
East Brunswick
732-246-4313
Monmouth County Reclamation Center Asbury Ave. & Shafto Rd.
Tinton Falls
732-922-8686
Ocean County Landfill Corp. Route 70 & Route 571
Manchester
732-657-5100
Salem County Sanitary Landfill Route 540 & McKillp Rd.
Alloway Twp.
609-935-7900
Sussex County Sanitary Landfill Route 94 & Route 15
Lafayette Twp.
973-579-6998

This information can also be accessed through the Department's Web page address listed below.

Licensed Asbestos Contractors

A current list of licensed asbestos contractors can be obtained by calling DOL's Asbestos Control and Licensing Section at 609-633-2159 or by requesting the list in writing from the unit at the following address:

Department of Labor
Division of Public Safety & Occupational Safety & Health
Asbestos Control & Licensing Section
P.O. Box 949
Trenton, NJ 08625-0949
Fax Number (609) 633-0664

Authorized Asbestos Safety Control Monitors

A current list of authorized asbestos safety control monitors can be obtained by calling DCA's Asbestos/Lead Unit at 609-633-6224 or by requesting the list in writing from the unit at the following address:

Department of Community Affairs
Division of Codes and Standards
Asbestos/Lead Unit
101 South Broad Street
P.O. Box 816
Trenton, NJ 08625-0816
Fax Number (609) 633-1040


Internet Web Page Addresses

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection http://www.state.nj.us/dep/

New Jersey Solid Waste Regulations, N.J.A.C. 7:26-1.1 et seq. http://www.state.nj.us/dep/dshw/resource/rules.htm

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Approved Operating Commercial Sanitary Landfills http://www.nj.gov/dep/dshw/lrm/aocslf.htm

New Jersey Department of Health, Consumer and Environmental Health Services Indoor Environment Program http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/leadasb

New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, Division of Codes & Standards http://www.nj.gov/dca/divisions/codes/offices/asbestos.html

United States Environmental Protection Agency Title 40, Subtitle C Protection of Environment Regulations http://www.epa.gov/epahome/cfr40toc.htm

 

 

Program: Solid Waste Home| Program Contacts | Contacts by Subject |
Department: NJDEP Home | About DEP | Index by Topic | Programs/Units | DEP Online
Statewide: NJ Home | Services A to Z | Departments/Agencies | FAQs

Copyright © State of New Jersey, 1996-2014


Last Updated: January 30, 2013