Map Information:

Map Title:
A Visual Exploration of Time-Space in the New York Metropolitan Area
Name(s) of Author(s):
Seth Docherty, Anthony Ingato
Kean University
Email Address:
Software Used to Make Map:
ArcGIS 9.3.1
Data Sources:,,,, New Jersey Turnpike Authority, AAA

Map Description:

When traveling in today's world it's all about time, and how long it takes to get "there". Current maps are based on spatial distances, which have become obsolete when traveling, as physical distance is no longer the main factor that determines traveling time anymore. This is due to the new modes of modern transportation with automobiles in a dense road network and public transportations. The study was aimed at analyzing commuting patterns within the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area and three questions we were interested in answering were:

  • Which day of the week has the highest traffic volume?
  • Where does the highest volume of traffic take place?
  • Which mode of transportation (driving or public transportation) has the fastest commuting times and the cheapest commuting costs?
To answer these questions, we focused on the top most populated cities within the New York MSA and recorded commuting times over a 5 week period. Also, Distance cartograms based on commuting times based on each mode of transportation were constructed to visually compare the time-space alterations from the perspective of commutes.