Glossary - A
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"Acceptably analyze" means to analyze a sample
in a manner that satisfies the requirements of N.J.A.C. 7:18-2.13(j).
"Acclimation" means, for Acute Toxicity Testing,
an organism's physiological adjustment to environmental changes
including, but not limited to, changes in temperature and
"Accredited" means having the approval conferred
upon schools, institutions, or programs where appropriate
by a nationally recognized regional accrediting agency or
association as determined by either the United States Secretary
of Education, State Commissioner of Education, or State Chancellor
of Higher Education.
"ACPL" means Annual Certified Parameter List and
is a list that is sent annually to a certified environmental
laboratory showing the regulatory programs, analytical techniques,
method references and corresponding methods, specific parameters
or group thereof for which the laboratory is certified to
analyze regulatory samples.
"Acute MCL violation" means any violation of the
maximum contaminant level (MCL) for any parameter specified
by the state as posing an acute risk to human health including
the presence of fecal coliform or E. coli, and nitrate (>10mg/L),
nitrite (>one mg/L) or nitrate/nitrite (>10mg/L).
"Acute toxicity" means, for acute toxicity testing,
a lethal or adverse sublethal effect to an organism exposed
to a toxic substance for no more than 96 hours.
"Acute toxicity testing" means the standardized
procedures for determining the quantitative lethal or sublethal
effects of a toxic substance on an organism.
"Affiliate" means, with respect to any individual
or entity, another individual or entity who has a controlling
interest in such individual or entity; in whom such individual
or entity has a controlling interest; or who is under common
control with such individual or entity.
"Alternate Test Procedure (ATP)" means a procedure
- Contains modifications not permitted in a method listed
as a DSAM; or
- Is a method not listed as a DSAM for the monitoring of
one or more parameters of interest for the Safe Drinking
Water Act, New Jersey Pollutant Discharge Elimination System,
New Jersey Spill Compensation Act, New Jersey Solid Waste
Management Act, Industrial Site Recovery Act, and New Jersey
Underground Storage Tanks Program.
"Analytical reagent (AR) grade," "ACS reagent
grade," and "reagent grade" mean reagents that
conform to the current specifications of the Committee on
Analytical Reagents of the American Chemical Society.
"Analyze-Immediately parameter" means a parameter
for which analysis must be performed within 15 minutes after
the sample is collected. Examples of analyze-immediately parameters
include chlorine dioxide, dissolved oxygen with probe, pH,
ozone, residual chlorine, sulfite and temperature.
"ANSP - Goulden" means, for Acute Toxicity Testing,
the publication entitled Daphnia Bioassay Workshop, Dr. Clyde
Goulden and Ms. Linda Henry; The Academy of Natural Sciences
of Philadelphia, Division of Limnology and Ecology. This reference
is a source for daphnid culturing and testing techniques used
in N.J.A.C. 7:18?7, Acute Toxicity Testing.
"Applicant" means a laboratory applying to the
Department to become a certified environmental laboratory.
"Arochlor" or "Aroclor" means the trade
name for a series of commercial polychlorinated biphenyl and
terphenyl mixtures, often termed PCBs or polychlorinated biphenyls.
"ASTM D1193-91" means, for Chemical Testing, Standard
Specifications for Reagent Water, D1193-91 (and later revisions)
American Society for Testing and Materials.
"ASTM D 4229-84" means, for Acute Toxicity Testing,
Standard Practice for Conducting Static Acute Toxicity Tests
on Waste-waters with Daphnia, D 4229-84, American Society
for Testing and Materials. This reference method is a source
for daphnid culturing and testing techniques used in N.J.A.C.
7:18?7, Acute Toxicity Testing.
"ASTM E 724-80" means, for Acute Toxicity Testing,
Standard Practice for Conducting Static Acute Toxicity Tests
with Larvae of Four Species of Bivalve Molluscs; E 724-80;
American Society for Testing and Materials. This reference
method is a source for standardized culturing and testing
techniques in Subchapter 7, Acute Toxicity Testing.
"ASTM E 729-80" means, for Acute Toxicity Testing,
Standard Practice for Conducting Acute Toxicity Tests With
Fishes, Macroinvertebrates, and Amphibians; E 729-80, American
Society for Testing and Materials. This reference method is
a source for standardized culturing and testing techniques
in Subchapter 7, Acute Toxicity Testing.
"ASTM-31" means Annual Book of the American Society
for Testing and Materials, Part 31.
"Asymptotic LC50" means, for Acute Toxicity Testing,
the toxicant concentration at which the LC50, the lethal concentration
at which 50 percent death of the test organisms occurs during
an acute toxicity test, becomes a constant for a prolonged
"Authorized measurement protocols" for radon/radon
progeny-in-air means the DSAMs for Category RA1, radon/radon
progeny-in-air, which are the approved methods for use by
a certified laboratory when performing radon/radon progeny-in-air
analysis. These DSAMs include the "Indoor Radon and Radon
Decay Product Measurement Device Protocols," USEPA 402-R-92-004
and the "Interim Protocols for Screening and Follow-up
Radon and Radon Decay Product Measurements," USEPA 520/l-86-0l4.
"Authorized proficiency program" or "APP"
means the USEPA Radon/Radon Progeny Measurement Proficiency
Program, Eastern Environmental Radiation Facility, Montgomery,
Alabama 36109, or other program authorized by the Department
in writing as being equally stringent. The APP provides the
Department with a laboratory's radon/radon progeny results
of PE samples. The Department uses the laboratory's results
and the expected acceptable limits to partially assess its
analytical performance. Pursuant to N.J.A.C. 7:18-2.13, successful
analysis of radon/radon progeny PE samples is necessary for
obtaining and maintaining radon/radon progeny-in-air certification.