Glossary - P
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y
"Parameter" means a general term that includes,
but is not limited to terms such as contaminant, constituent,
substance, metal, organic chemical, and characteristics that
are used to designate an analyte, group of analytes, attribute,
or physical property for which a certified environmental laboratory
may be approved to perform analysis of regulatory samples
and report results.
"Performance evaluation sample" or "PE sample"
means a sample containing a known concentration of one or
more specific parameters, used to evaluate the analytical
performance of a laboratory. These materials may be provided
by the USEPA, the Department, or other Department approved
"Permit" means a NJPDES permit issued pursuant
to the New Jersey Water Pollution Control Act, N.J.S.A. 58:10A-6.
"Person" means any individual or other entity,
including without limitation, corporations, associations,
partnerships, joint ventures, and the United States, any state,
any foreign country or government, and any political subdivision
or agency thereof.
"pH" means a numerical expression of the hydrogen
ion concentration (acidity) of aqueous matrices. pH values
range from 0 (high acidity-low alkalinity) to 7 (neutral),
to 14 (low acidity-high alkalinity).
"Piper-1982" means, for Acute Toxicity Testing,
Fish Hatchery Management, by Piper et al., 1982, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Publication.
"Point source" means any discernible, confined,
and discrete conveyance from a mobile or stationary source,
including, but not limited to, any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel,
conduit, well, discrete issue, container, rolling stock, concentrated
animal feeding operation, vessel or other floating craft,
from which pollutants are or may be discharged.
"Pollutant" means any dredge spoil, solid waste,
incinerator residue, filter backwash, garbage, refuse, oil,
grease, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological
materials, radioactive materials, thermal waste, wrecked or
discarded equipment, and construction waste or runoff or other
residue discharged to the land, groundwaters or surface waters
of the state.
"Primary standard" means a very pure reagent of
defined purity used as a reference for standardizing other
"Proficiency study" means an organized program
in which laboratories participate in the analysis of PE sample
aliquots from homogeneous sample batches. The PE samples contain
one or more parameters monitored under a regulatory program,
for example, the Drinking Water Program. Data from the study
are analyzed statistically, so that the acceptability of individual
laboratory results are based on the performance of participating
"Public community water system" means a public
water system which serves at least 15 service connections
used by year?round residents or regularly serves at least
25 year?round residents.
"Public non-community water system" means a public
water system that is not a community water system.