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site remediation program

SRP Rules & Regulations Guidance Documents Soil Guide

1998 Revised Guidance Document for the Remediation of Contaminated Soils 

Table of Contents | Getting the Document | Acknowledgments

January, 1998

Table of Contents 

Acknowledgments

Acronyms

PDF
sgd0-xii.pdf
(53 Kb)

I.

What is in This Guidance Document

  • Background
  • Mandate
  • Purpose
  • Pertinent Regulatory Changes
PDF
sgd1-23.pdf
(76 Kb)
II.

Responsibility and Disclaimer

III.

The Technical Requirements and Their Role in Site Remediation

  • Electronic Data Submittals for Investigation of Contaminated Sites
  • Natural Remediation
  • Institutional and Engineering Controls
  • Historic Fill
  • Remedial Action Types
  • Compliance with Other Laws
  • The Remediation Process
  • Soil Cleanup Criteria and Other Contaminated Media
  • NJDEP Oversight

IV.

General Technical Considerations

  • Community Relations
  • Ground Water
  • Restoration
  • Health and Safety Considerations

V.

Remedial Action 1 - - Excavation

  1. Introduction

  2. Planning
    1. Conditions Affecting Use of Excavation
      1. Volume to be Handled
      2. Location
      3. Type of Soils and Contamination to be Handled
      4. Pre-treatment Requirements
      5. Standard Engineering Practices

    2. Regulatory Concerns
      1. Health and Safety
      2. Pre-construction Survey
      3. Soil Conservation Plans

  3. Management of Excavated Soils
    1. Soil Handling
      1. Hazardous Soil
      2. Non-hazardous Soil

    2. Soil Characterization
      1. Recommended Testing Protocol
        (1) Hazardous Waste Classification
        (2) Testing
        (3) Soil Reuse/Characterization
        (4) Waste Piles

    3. Loading and Transporting Waste Material

  4. Equipment Considerations and Handling

  5. Engineering and Geotechnical Aspects
    1. Dewatering - - Excavation
    2. Stormwater Diversion

  6. References


VI.

Remedial Action 2 - - Soil Treatment Technologies for Contaminated Soils

  1. Introduction

  2. Categories
    (These topics are described for each treatment: Process Description, Soil Preparation, Waste Streams Generated, Treatability Group, Advantages and Ideal Conditions, Disadvantages and Limitations, Treatability Matrix)
    1. Bioremediation
      1. Slurry Biodegradation
      2. Ex Situ Bioremediation and Landfarming
      3. In Situ Biological Treatment
    2. Liquid Extraction Technologies
      1. Soil Washing
      2. Soil Flushing
      3. Solvent Chemical Extraction
    3. Stabilization and Solidification Treatments
      1. Stabilization
      2. Vitrification - - Electric Process Heating (Joule Heating)
    4. Thermal Desorption - - Low and High Temperature Thermal Desorption
    5. Thermal Destruction - - Incineration
    6. Vapor Extraction and Air Sparging
      1. Soil Vapor Extraction
      2. Air Sparging

  3. Treatability Matrix - - Treatment Technologies by Contaminant Groups

  4. Interstate Technology Regulatory Cooperation (ITRC)

  5. References
PDF
sgd24-52.pdf
(281 Kb)

VII.

Remedial Action 3 - - Soil Reuse

  1. Introduction

  2. Soil Categories
    1. Hazardous
    2. Non-Hazardous
    3. Soils That Contain Contaminants Below Regulatory Concern

  3. Options for Reuse of Soils
    1. Non-Hazardous Soils
    2. Site-Specific Soil Reuse Proposals
      1. Pinelands Area
      2. Objectionable Odors or Appearance
      3. Regulatory Compliance
      4. Allowable Storage Time
    3. Approved Contaminated Soil Recycling Centers in New Jersey
    4. Out-of-State Recycling
    5. Operational Landfill Cover
    6. Soils That Contain Contaminants Below Regulatory Concern
PDF
sgd53-66.pdf
(45 Kb)
VIII.

Remedial Action 4 - - Containment and Exposure Controls

  1. Introduction

  2. Gas Control Systems

    1. Gas Generation

    2. Gas Migration

    3. Gas Control Systems

  3. Leachate Control System

  4. Containment System Design and Construction

    1. Native Soil Cover

    2. Single Barrier (Synthetic, Asphalt/Concrete, and Clay Cap)

    3. Composite Caps

    4. Containment

      1. Slurry Walls

      2. Grout Curtains

      3. Sheet Piling Cut-off Walls

    5. Construction Quality Assurance

      1. Control of Subgrade Preparation

      2. Soil Placement/Compaction

      3. Drainage Layer

      4. Deployment of the Geomembrane and Geomembrane Field Seams

  5. Long-Term Operation, Maintenance and Monitoring

    1. Ground Water

    2. Air Quality

    3. Subsidence

    4. Surface Erosion

  6. References


Appendix A - - Soil Cleanup Criteria

Appendix B - - Contaminants

Appendix C - - Hazardous Waste Levels

Appendix D - - District Solid Waste Management Officials

Appendix E - - Permit Identification

PDF
sgdappa-e.pdf
(66 Kb)

Appendix F - - Cover Letter and Permit Identification Form

Appendix G - - List of Publications

Appendix H - - Checklists

Appendix I - - ITRC Information

Appendix J - - Health, Safety and Emergency Response Minimum Requirements

PDF
sgdappf-j.pdf
(112 Kb)

Appendix F is not available in this PDF. A copy of the current Permit Identification Form is available from NJDEP OPPPC.

The above PDF files are also available as a ZIP file: sgd9801.zip (521 Kb)

 

 

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Last revision: 18 November 1998

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