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NJDEP Ambient Lake Monitoring Network

map of Lakes sampling sites
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Great Gorge Lake,    	Vernon Twp, Sussex County, Fall 07

Network Description

NJDEP initiated, in 2005, a renewed ambient lake monitoring network designed to provide the water quality data necessary to assess the ecological health of the State's lentic water resource. This program involves the testing of randomly selected lakes from the state's approximately 870 named lakes. The water quality measurements conducted at each lake includes parameters such as dissolved oxygen, pH, nutrients, and chlorophyll a. Such testing will assist New Jersey in determining the status and trends in lake water quality, as needed to meet our Clean Water Act requirements and our Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)-related water quality assessment obligations.

Water Monitoring & Standards, Bureau of Freshwater & Biological Monitoring has worked to develop a monitoring program that would address both the deficiencies cited in the 1999 USEPA's Office of Inspector General's Audit Report, and the needs of the watershed management and water quality assessment (305(b)/303(d)) programs. This approach comports with the guidance provided in USEPA's publication, "Elements of a State Water Monitoring and Assessment Program," March 2003, which requires that states develop and implement long-term strategies which include monitoring of all state waterbody types, including lakes.

The lake monitoring network design is as follows:

  1. Target Population: All lakes, man-made or natural, excepting water supply reservoirs, wholly or partially within the State of NJ political boundaries. A lake is defined as a permanent body of water of at least two hectares in surface, and a minimum depth of one meter. Lakes were selected randomly, using the USEPA - Generalized Random Tessellation Stratified (GRTS) survey design, but in a manner that equalizes selections over all Omernik level III ecoregions (6 within state). The New Jersey GIS coverage containing approximately 870 named lakes, meeting the design criteria, was used for the selection process.
  2. Network Stations: The network consists of 200 lakes, each sampled once every five years, with forty lakes sampled per year. Depending on the lake size and characteristics, up to four sampling locations will be monitored in each lake. Lakes not exhibiting temperature stratification will be sampled at one meter below the surface, unless the lake is too shallow, in which case the sample will be taken at a depth of one-foot below the surface. Lakes exhibiting stratification will be sampled above and below the thermocline. Depth to bottom will be measured at each station (see below for list of 40 lakes to be sampled this year).
  3. Sampling Frequency: All lakes in the network will be sampled once every five years, with each lake being sampled twice during the year (growing and non-growing season).
  4. Monitoring Parameters: Total Phosphorus, Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen, Total Nitrite+Nitrate Nitrogen, Ammonia Nitrogen, Dissolved Oxygen, pH, Temperature, Specific Conductance, Alkalinity, Hardness, Secchi depths, and Chlorophyll a will be collected and analyzed at each station. Qualitative evaluations of algal blooms and aquatic vegetation will be performed at each lake.
  5. Schedule:
    • Probabilistic selection of network lakes completed by USEPA-ORD and list of 200 candidates, plus extra for alternates chosen.
    • All of the monitoring data collected for this network will be uploaded into the national USEPA STORET/WQX data base.
    • Panel 1, (1st group of forty lakes) completed (2005).       Report now available.
    • Panel 2, (2nd group of forty lakes) completed (2006).      Report now available.
    • Panel 3, (3rd group of forty lakes) completed (2007).       Report now available.
    • Panel 4, (4th group of forty lakes) completed (2008).       Report now available.
    • Panel 5 (5th group of forty lakes) completed (2009).        Report now available.
    • Panel 1, Round 2 (1st group of forty lakes, second Round of sampling) completed (2010).      
    • Panel 2, Round 2 (2nd group of forty lakes, second Round of sampling) completed (2011).      
    • Panel 3, Round 2 (3rd group of forty lakes, second Round of sampling) completed (2012).      
    • Panel 4, Round 2 (4th group of forty lakes, second Round of sampling) completed (2013).      
    • Spring 2014, Panel 5, Round 2 sampling scheduled to be initiated.
    • Comprehensive scientific reports, in which lake monitoring results will be discussed and interpreted, will be generated; including an assessment of the trophic state of the lakes sampled. A report will be issued for each Panel of lakes (one monitoring year) after sampling and data review are completed.

 

For additional information, please contact Johannus Franken at 609-292-0427.

 

This ambient lakes monitoring project is part of a larger effort in the department to develop current water quality information on this vital water resource.

 

PLEASE NOTE: This Bureau performs ambient lake monitoring only. For other lake or dam-related inquiries, see below:


[ link to EPA's Monthly Lakes Tips ]


Ambient Lake Monitoring Sites - Panel 5, Round 2 (2014)

NAME MUNICIPALITY COUNTY
Albert Lake Folsom Boro Atlantic
Lake Fred Galloway Twp Atlantic
Scarlet Oak Pond Mahwah Twp Bergen
Amphibious Lake New Hanover Twp Burlington
Little Pine Lake Pemberton Twp Burlington
Lower Sylvan Lake Burlington Twp Burlington
Atco Lake Waterford Twp Camden
Laurel Lake Laurel Springs Boro Camden
Outdoor World Lake Dennis Twp Cape May
Lummis Mill Pond Lawrence Twp Cumberland
Silver Lake Upper Deerfield Twp Cumberland
Cains Mill Lake Monroe Twp Gloucester
North Hudson Park Lake North Bergen Twp Hudson
Amwell Lake East Amwell Twp Hunterdon
Lake Takanassee Long Branch City Monmouth
Ames Lake Rockaway Twp Morris
George Lake Washington Twp Morris
Girl Scout Pond Rockaway Twp Morris
Mount Hope Pond Rockaway Twp Morris
Rainbow Lakes Parsippany-Troy Hills Twp Morris
Carasaljo Lake Lakewood Twp Ocean
Deer Head Lake Lacey Twp Ocean
Stafford Forge Lake Eagleswood Twp Ocean
Algonquian Waters Lake West Milford Twp Passaic
Shepherd Lake Ringwood Boro Passaic
Upper Greenwood Lake West Milford Twp Passaic
Wonder Lake West Milford Twp Passaic
Harrisonville Lake Pilesgrove Twp Salem
Rhodo Lake Quinton Twp Salem
Culvers Lake Frankford Twp Sussex
Heaters Pond Ogdensburg Boro Sussex
Heritage Lakes Hamburg Boro Sussex
Panther Lake Byram Twp Sussex
Stag Pond Byram Twp Sussex
Tamarack Lake Hardyston Twp Sussex
Wawayanda Lake Vernon Twp Sussex
Bloodgood's Pond Clark Twp Union
Allamuchy Pond Allamuchy Twp Warren
Alphano Pond Allamuchy Twp Warren
Glovers Pond Frelinghuysen Twp Warren


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Last Updated: March 13, 2014

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