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Most Recent Hydrologic Conditions Report
September 9, 2014
Precipitation

The observed precipitation for the Delaware River Basin above Montague, New Jersey for the period January 1, 2014 through August 31, 2014 was 29.97 inches, or 0.32 inches above normal (September rainfall data is currently unavailable). For the period January 1, 2014 through September 8, 2014, the observed precipitation for the Delaware River Basin above Trenton, New Jersey was 31.80 inches, or 0.74 inches below normal. Also through September 8, the observed precipitation for Wilmington, Delaware was 39.07 inches, or 9.16 inches above normal.

The attached table summarizes precipitation for 2013 and 2014 for select stations in the Delaware River Basin.

Precipitation Departure Maps (National Weather Service Middle Atlantic River Forecast Center's Web Site)

Streamflow

The average observed streamflow of the Delaware River at Montague, New Jersey in August 2014 was 2,420 cubic feet per second (cfs), or 112-percent of the long-term average for the month. The average observed streamflow of the Delaware River at Trenton, New Jersey in August 2014 was 4,315 cfs, or 97-percent of the long-term average for the month.

During September 1-8, 2014, the average observed streamflow of the Delaware River at Montague was 2,025 cfs, or 101-percent of the long-term average for the month. Similarly, the average streamflow at Trenton was 3,388 cfs, or 76-percent of the long-term average for the month.

Below are graphical presentations of daily mean streamflows at Montague and Trenton for the period from January 2013 through September 8, 2014.

Reservoirs

Lower Basin

Lower Basin Reservoir Storage as of September 9, 2014:
Beltzville

13.43 billion gallons (bg) usable, or 99.6% of usable storage

Blue Marsh

5.80 bg usable, or 100.7% of summer pool usable storage

Merrill Creek

14.7 bg usable, or 93.7% of usable storage (as of September 8, 2014)

Upper Basin

New York City (NYC) Delaware Basin Reservoir Storage as of September 9, 2014:
Pepacton

114.694 bg usable, or 81.8% of usable storage

Cannonsville

74.022 bg usable, or 77.3% of usable storage

Neversink

28.504 bg usable, or 81.6% of usable storage

Total

217.220 bg usable, or 80.2% of usable storage

The long-term median storage for the NYC Delaware basin reservoirs for September 9 is 197.4 bg, or 72.9% percent of usable storage.

Attached is a graphical presentation of the reservoir storage levels from January 2013 to the present.

Groundwater

The table below displays the current status (September 9, 2014) of groundwater levels for 14 monitoring wells in the Delaware River Basin and compares them to levels reported at the last DRBC commission meeting. Refer to Groundwater Notes at the end of this report for more details about the wells. Water levels within the 25- to 75- percentile range are defined as “normal”.

COUNTY

STATE

AGENCY
DATA

WELL ID

YEAR RECORD BEGINS

INDICATOR STATUS AS OF JUNE 10, 2014

CURRENT INDICATOR STATUS AS OF
SEPTEMBER 9, 2014

Sullivan

NY

USGS

Sv 535

2001

Normal

Normal

Wayne

PA

USGS

WN 64

1967

Normal

Normal

Monroe

PA

USGS

MO 190

1967

Normal

Normal

Carbon

PA

USGS

CB 104

1969

Above Normal

Normal

Schuylkill

PA

USGS

SC 296

1975

Normal

Normal

Lehigh

PA

USGS

LE 644

1971

Above Normal

Above Normal

Berks

PA

USGS

BE 623

1975

Normal

Normal

Lebanon

PA

USGS

LB 372

1973

Above Normal

Normal

Bucks

PA

USGS

BK 1020

1975

Above Normal

Normal

Chester

PA

USGS

CH 10

1966

Above Normal

Above Normal

Delaware

PA

USGS

DE 723

1983

Above Normal

Normal

Burlington

NJ

USGS

050689

1955

Normal

Normal

Cumberland

NJ

USGS

110042

1972

Above Normal

Above Normal

New Castle

DE

Delaware GS

Db24-18

1993

Normal (May 13, 2014)

Normal (August 13, 2014)

Chlorides (Salt Front)

The salt front is defined as the 250 parts-per-million isochlor. The seven-day average location of the salt front is used by DRBC as an indicator of salinity intrusion in the Delaware Estuary. The salt front's location fluctuates along the main stem Delaware River as streamflow increases or decreases in response to changing inflows, diluting or concentrating chlorides in the river.

During August, the location of the seven-day average of the 250-ppm isochlor (salt front) ranged from river mile 71 to river mile 74. The normal location of the salt front during August is river mile 74, a location which is four miles downstream of the Delaware-Pennsylvania state line.

As of September 8 (the most recent date for available data), the salt front was located at river mile 75, which is one mile downstream of the normal location of the salt front during September.

Prepared by DRBC Staff.
Acknowledgments: Kimberly-Clark Corp.; National Weather Service; New York City Department of Environmental Protection; U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; U.S. Geological Survey; and Delaware Geological Survey.

Groundwater Notes:

  • Counties are ordered from North to South and East to West
  • Indicator status for PA wells is based on 30-day moving average of daily measurements and 30-day moving average statistics.
  • Indicator status for NY and NJ wells is based on a daily measurement and monthly-averaged statistics.
  • Indicator status for the DE well is based on a monthly, instantaneous measurement and monthly-averaged statistics.
  • The historical record for the NY well is too short to define a “normal” zone.  A graph of daily water levels is available on-line.
  • Records of groundwater levels (depth to water) at each well can be statistically analyzed to determine the percent of time that a given value is not exceeded. For example, the 25-percentile groundwater level is the level that is not exceeded 25 percent of the time in the existing record. Such percentiles are useful to compare to current groundwater levels; the three most commonly reported are the 25-, 50- and 75-percentiles (the 50-percentile is also called the median value). In this report we follow the customary practice of referring to the range of values defined by the 25- and 75-percentile as the “normal” range.
  • USGS uses the following definitions for water-level statistics: Normal (25- to 75- percentile flows); Drought Watch (10- to 25- percentile flows); Drought Warning (5- to 10- percentile flows); and Drought Emergency (0- to 5- percentile flows). Note: The categories labeled Drought Watch, Drought Warning, and Drought Emergency reflect only the relative range of the indicator values and are used for hydrological assessment purposes. Such category labels areindependent of official drought status which is declared only by the Governor of the respective state. Official declarations of drought stage are based upon a review of multiple ground and surface water conditions, soil moisture, precipitation, weather forecasts, purveyor reports, and other considerations.