New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK)
Performance Level Descriptors
Language Arts Literacy
Students performing at the partially proficient level construct meaning by using reading strategies to comprehend on a literal level, make some connections to the text, and provide limited support for opinions and conclusions. They demonstrate limited understanding of text structures and literary elements, and attempt to use context clues to determine the meaning of unknown words.
As partially proficient writers, these students may develop a single focus and attempt to organize and connect ideas with relevant details. These students use limited word choice and sentence structure, and incorporate basic writing mechanics.
Students performing at the proficient level construct meaning by using reading strategies to comprehend literally and inferentially. Proficient students synthesize details and analyze text. These students identify and explain literary elements, figurative language, and text structures. Proficient fifth grade students make connections, draw conclusions, and identify author’s purpose, views, or beliefs. These students determine meaning of words and phrases by applying knowledge of word structure and using context clues.
As proficient writers, these students develop and maintain a single focus by organizing and connecting ideas with relevant details. Proficient students exhibit some variety in word choice and sentence structure, attempt writing techniques and use some transitions while incorporating basic writing mechanics.
As readers, students performing at the advanced level of proficiency consistently demonstrate the skills outlined for proficient performance. In addition, the advanced proficient students extend meaning by making connections, generating new ideas, and making sound judgments about text.
As writers, students performing at the advanced level of proficiency consistently demonstrate the skills outlined for proficient performance. In addition, these students also use supporting details to convey and elaborate ideas. Advanced proficient students use fluid transitions, strong and appropriate word choice and sentence variety to purposefully engage the reader.