New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards
May 1996

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Comprehensive Health And Physical Education
Standards And Progress Indicators

Standard 2.3:
All Students Will Learn The Physical, Mental, Emotional, And Social Effects Of The Use And Abuse Of Alcohol, Tobacco, And Other Drugs

Descriptive Statement: Health-literate and physically educated students know the short and long term effects of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs on the body, behavior, performance, and personal relationships. These students use medicines correctly and refrain from the harmful or illicit use of chemical substances. Health-literate and physically educated students identify and use resources for information about chemical dependency, and know how to seek support, assistance, and treatment for problems associated with the abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.

Cumulative Progress Indicators

By the end of Grade 4, students:

1.

Define drugs and medicines, describe the purposes and correct use of medicines, and describe the role they play in the maintenance or achievement of wellness.

2.

Recognize the physical and behavioral effects of alcohol, marijuana, tobacco products, inhalants, anabolic steroids, and household substances that may be misused for mood- altering effects.

3.

Recognize the signs and symptoms of chemical misuse, abuse and dependency, discuss their impact on personal and family health, and identify resources for help and information.

4.

Identify laws related to the sale and use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.

5.

Describe how the use, misuse and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs contribute to the incidence of illness and injury.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 8, students:

6.

Classify chemical substances by their actions on the body, and describe the short and long term effects of their use.

7.

Discuss the appropriate use of medicines and the dangers of drug interactions.

8.

Analyze the impact of chemical substances on development, behavior, and activities.

9.

Describe the signs and progression of chemical use, abuse, and dependency throughout the life cycle.

10.

Identify and explain how to access resources for information, support, and treatment of problems related to the use and abuse of chemical substances.

11.

Discuss laws pertaining to the use, sale, and possession of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 12, students:

12.

Discuss chemical substances according to their uses, actions, and effects on the body.

13.

Discuss the influence of the media on the choice, use, and misuse of medicines.

14.

Discuss alternative actions for relief or treatment of common health problems.

15.

Analyze the short and long term effects of chemical use, abuse, and dependency on the body, behavior, work and school performance, and personal relationships.

16.

Describe intervention and treatment strategies for chemically dependent individuals, and locate community resources for information, support, and treatment.

17.

Interpret laws pertaining to the use, sale, and possession of chemical substances, with an emphasis on laws relating to driving under the influence.

18.

Describe how chemical substances used during pregnancy can affect prenatal and early childhood growth and development.

 

 

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