Core Curriculum Content Standards

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Comprehensive Health and Physical Education Standards Learning Progressions

2.3 Drugs and Medicines All students will acquire knowledge about alcohol, tobacco, other drugs, and medicines and apply these concepts to support a healthy, active lifestyle.
A. Medicines:
By the end of Grade 2 By the end of Grade 4 By the end of Grade 6 By the end of Grade 8 By the end of Grade 12
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.2.A.1 Explain what medicines are and when some types of medicines are used.
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.4.A.1 Distinguish between over-the-counter and prescription medicines.
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.6.A.1 Compare and contrast short- and long-term effects and the potential for abuse of commonly used over-the-counter and prescription medicines and herbal and medicinal supplements.
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.8.A.1 Explain why the therapeutic effects and potential risks of commonly used over-the-counter medicines, prescription drugs, and herbal and medicinal supplements vary in different individuals.
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.12.A.1 Determine the potential risks and benefits of the use of new or experimental medicines and herbal and medicinal supplements.
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.2.A.2 Explain why medicines should be administered as directed.
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.4.A.2 Determine possible side effects of common types of medicines.
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.6.A.2 Compare information found on over-the-counter and prescription medicines.
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.8.A.2 Compare and contrast adolescent and adult abuse of prescription and over-the-counter medicines and the consequences of such abuse.
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.12.A.2 Summarize the criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of a medicine.
Content: Medicines come in a variety of forms (prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines, medicinal supplements), are used for numerous reasons, and should be taken as directed in order to be safe and effective.

2.3.12.A.3 Relate personal abuse of prescription and over-the-counter medicines to wellness.
2.3 Drugs and Medicines All students will acquire knowledge about alcohol, tobacco, other drugs, and medicines and apply these concepts to support a healthy, active lifestyle.
B. Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs :
By the end of Grade 2 By the end of Grade 4 By the end of Grade 6 By the end of Grade 8 By the end of Grade 12
Content: Use of drugs in unsafe ways is dangerous and harmful.

2.3.2.B.1 Identify ways that drugs can be abused.
Content: Use of drugs in unsafe ways is dangerous and harmful.

2.3.4.B.1 Explain why it is illegal to use or possess certain drugs/substances and the possible consequences.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.6.B.1 Explain the system of drug classification and why it is useful in preventing substance abuse.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.8.B.1 Compare and contrast the physical and behavioral effects of commonly abused substances by adolescents.
Content: There are immediate and long-term consequences of risky behavior associated with substance abuse.

2.3.12.B.1 Compare and contrast the incidence and impact of commonly abused substances (such as tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, inhalants, anabolic steroids, and other drugs) on individuals and communities in the United States and other countries.
Content: Use of drugs in unsafe ways is dangerous and harmful.

2.3.2.B.2 Explain effects of tobacco use on personal hygiene, health, and safety.
Content: Use of drugs in unsafe ways is dangerous and harmful.

2.3.4.B.2 Compare the short- and long-term physical effects of all types of tobacco use.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.6.B.2 Relate tobacco use and the incidence of disease.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.8.B.2 Predict the legal and financial consequences of the use, sale, and possession of illegal substances.
Content: There are immediate and long-term consequences of risky behavior associated with substance abuse.

2.3.12.B.2 Debate the various legal and financial consequences of the use, sale, and possession of illegal substances.
Content: Use of drugs in unsafe ways is dangerous and harmful.

2.3.2.B.3 Explain why tobacco smoke is harmful to nonsmokers.
Content: Use of drugs in unsafe ways is dangerous and harmful.

2.3.4.B.3 Identify specific environments where second-hand/passive smoke may impact the wellness of nonsmokers.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.6.B.3 Compare the effect of laws, policies, and procedures on smokers and nonsmokers.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.8.B.3 Analyze the effects of all types of tobacco use on the aging process.
Content: There are immediate and long-term consequences of risky behavior associated with substance abuse.

2.3.12.B.3 Correlate increased alcohol use with challenges that may occur at various life stages.
Content: Use of drugs in unsafe ways is dangerous and harmful.

2.3.2.B.4 Identify products that contain alcohol.
Content: Use of drugs in unsafe ways is dangerous and harmful.

2.3.4.B.4 Summarize the short- and long-term physical and behavioral effects of alcohol use and abuse.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.6.B.4 Determine the impact of the use and abuse of alcohol on the incidence of illness, injuries, and disease, the increase of risky health behaviors, and the likelihood of harm to one’s health.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.8.B.4 Compare and contrast smoking laws in New Jersey with other states and countries.
Content: There are immediate and long-term consequences of risky behavior associated with substance abuse.

2.3.12.B.4 Correlate the use of alcohol and other drugs with incidences of date rape, sexual assault, STIs, and unintended pregnancy.
Content: Use of drugs in unsafe ways is dangerous and harmful.

2.3.2.B.5 List substances that should never be inhaled and explain why.
Content: Use of drugs in unsafe ways is dangerous and harmful.

2.3.4.B.5 Identify the short- and long- term physical effects of inhaling certain substances.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.6.B.5 Determine situations where the use of alcohol and other drugs influence decision-making and can place one at risk.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.8.B.5 Explain the impact of alcohol and other drugs on those areas of the brain that control vision, sleep, coordination, and reaction time and the related impairment of behavior, judgment, and memory.
Content: There are immediate and long-term consequences of risky behavior associated with substance abuse.

2.3.12.B.5 Relate injected drug use to the incidence of diseases such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.6.B.6 Summarize the signs and symptoms of inhalant abuse.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.8.B.6 Relate the use of alcohol and other drugs to decision-making and risk for sexual assault, pregnancy, and STIs.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.6.B.7 Analyze the relationship between injected drug use and diseases such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.8.B.7 Explain the impact of inhalant use and abuse on social, emotional, mental, and physical wellness.
Content: There is a strong relationship between individuals who abuse drugs and increased intentional and unintentional health-risk behaviors.

2.3.8.B.8 Analyze health risks associated with injected drug use.
2.3 Drugs and Medicines All students will acquire knowledge about alcohol, tobacco, other drugs, and medicines and apply these concepts to support a healthy, active lifestyle.
C. Dependency/Addiction and Treatment:
By the end of Grade 2 By the end of Grade 4 By the end of Grade 6 By the end of Grade 8 By the end of Grade 12
Content: Substance abuse is caused by a variety of factors.

2.3.2.C.1 Recognize that some people may have difficulty controlling their use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
Content: Substance abuse is caused by a variety of factors.

2.3.4.C.1 Identify signs that a person might have an alcohol, tobacco, and/or drug use problem.
Content: Substance abuse is caused by a variety of factors.

2.3.6.C.1 Summarize the signs and symptoms of a substance abuse problem and the stages that lead to dependency/addiction.
Content: Substance abuse is caused by a variety of factors.

2.3.8.C.1 Compare and contrast theories about dependency/addiction (such as genetic predisposition, gender-related predisposition, and multiple risks) and provide recommendations that support a drug free life.
Content: The ability to interrupt a drug dependency/addiction typically requires outside intervention, a strong personal commitment, treatment, and the support of family, friends, and others.

2.3.12.C.1 Correlate duration of drug abuse to the incidence of drug-related injury, illness, and death.
Content: There are many ways to obtain help for treatment of alcohol, tobacco, and other substance abuse problems.

2.3.2.C.2 Explain that people who abuse alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs can get help.
Content: Substance abuse is caused by a variety of factors.

2.3.4.C.2 Differentiate between drug use, abuse, and misuse.
Content: Substance abuse is caused by a variety of factors.

2.3.6.C.2 Explain how wellness is affected during the stages of drug dependency/addiction.
Content: The ability to interrupt a drug dependency/addiction typically requires outside intervention, a strong personal commitment, treatment, and the support of family, friends, and others.

2.3.8.C.2 Summarize intervention strategies that assist family and friends to cope with the impact of substance abuse.
Content: The ability to interrupt a drug dependency/addiction typically requires outside intervention, a strong personal commitment, treatment, and the support of family, friends, and others.

2.3.12.C.2 Analyze the effectiveness of various strategies that support an individual’s ability to stop abusing drugs and remain drug-free.
Content: Substance abuse is caused by a variety of factors.

2.3.4.C.3 Determine how advertising, peer pressure, and home environment influence children and teenagers to experiment with alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
Content: Substance abuse is caused by a variety of factors.

2.3.6.C.3 Determine the extent to which various factors contribute to the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs by adolescents, such as peer pressure, low self-esteem, genetics, and poor role models.
Content: Substance abuse impacts individuals from all cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds.

2.3.12.C.3 Predict the societal impact of substance abuse on the individual, family, and community.
Content: There are many ways to obtain help for treatment of alcohol, tobacco, and other substance abuse problems.

2.3.6.C.4 Determine effective strategies to stop using alcohol, tobacco and other drugs, and that support the ability to remain drug-free.