Core Curriculum Content Standards

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Comprehensive Health and Physical Education Standards Learning Progressions

2.5 Motor Skill Development All students will utilize safe, efficient, and effective movement to develop and maintain a healthy, active lifestyle.
A. Movement Skills and Concepts:
Preschool By the end of Grade 2 By the end of Grade 4 By the end of Grade 6 By the end of Grade 8 By the end of Grade 12
Content: Developing competence and confidence in gross and fine motor skills provides a foundation for participation in physical activities.

2.5.P.A.1 Develop and refine gross motor skills (e.g., hopping, galloping, jumping, running, and marching).
Content: Understanding of fundamental concepts related to effective execution of actions provides the foundation for participation in games, sports, dance, and recreational activities.

2.5.2.A.1 Explain and perform movement skills with developmentally appropriate control in isolated settings (i.e., skill practice) and applied settings (i.e., games, sports, dance, and recreational activities).
Content: Understanding of fundamental concepts related to effective execution of actions provides the foundation for participation in games, sports, dance, and recreational activities.

2.5.4.A.1 Explain and perform essential elements of movement skills in both isolated settings (i.e., skill practice) and applied settings (i.e., games, sports, dance, and recreational activities).
Content: Understanding of fundamental concepts related to effective execution of actions provides the foundation for participation in games, sports, dance, and recreational activities.

2.5.6.A.1 Explain and perform movement skills that combine mechanically correct movement in smooth flowing sequences in isolated settings (i.e., skill practice) and applied settings (i.e., games, sports, dance, and recreational activities).
Content: Movement skill performance is primarily impacted by the quality of instruction, practice, assessment, feedback, and effort.

2.5.8.A.1 Explain and demonstrate the transition of movement skills from isolated settings (i.e., skill practice) into applied settings (i.e., games, sports, dance, and recreational activities).
Content: Movement skill performance is primarily impacted by the quality of instruction, practice, assessment, feedback, and effort.

2.5.12.A.1 Explain and demonstrate ways to transfer movement skills from one game, sport, dance, or recreational activity to another (e.g., striking skills from/to tennis, badminton, ping pong, racquetball).
Content: Developing competence and confidence in gross and fine motor skills provides a foundation for participation in physical activities.

2.5.P.A.2 Develop and refine fine motor skills (e.g., completes gradually more complex puzzles, uses smaller-sized manipulatives during play, and uses a variety of writing instruments in a conventional manner).
Content: Understanding of fundamental concepts related to effective execution of actions provides the foundation for participation in games, sports, dance, and recreational activities.

2.5.2.A.2 Demonstrate changes in time, force, and flow while moving in personal and general space at different levels, directions, ranges, and pathways.
Content: Understanding of fundamental concepts related to effective execution of actions provides the foundation for participation in games, sports, dance, and recreational activities.

2.5.4.A.2 Use body management skills and demonstrate control when moving in relation to others, objects, and boundaries in personal and general space.
Content: Understanding of fundamental concepts related to effective execution of actions provides the foundation for participation in games, sports, dance, and recreational activities.

2.5.6.A.2 Explain concepts of force and motion and demonstrate control while modifying force, flow, time, space, and relationships in interactive dynamic environments.
Content: Movement skill performance is primarily impacted by the quality of instruction, practice, assessment, feedback, and effort.

2.5.8.A.2 Apply the concepts of force and motion (weight transfer, power, speed, agility, range of motion) to impact performance.
Content: Movement skill performance is primarily impacted by the quality of instruction, practice, assessment, feedback, and effort.

2.5.12.A.2 Analyze application of force and motion (weight transfer, power, speed, agility, range of motion) and modify movement to impact performance.
Content: Developing competence and confidence in gross and fine motor skills provides a foundation for participation in physical activities.

2.5.P.A.3 Use objects and props to develop spatial and coordination skills (e.g., throws and catches balls and Frisbees, twirls a hula-hoop about the hips, walks a balance beam, laces different sized beads, and buttons and unbuttons).
Content: Understanding of fundamental concepts related to effective execution of actions provides the foundation for participation in games, sports, dance, and recreational activities.

2.5.2.A.3 Respond in movement to changes in tempo, beat, rhythm, or musical style.
Content: Understanding of fundamental concepts related to effective execution of actions provides the foundation for participation in games, sports, dance, and recreational activities.

2.5.4.A.3 Explain and demonstrate movement sequences, individually and with others, in response to various tempos, rhythms, and musical styles.
Content: Understanding of fundamental concepts related to effective execution of actions provides the foundation for participation in games, sports, dance, and recreational activities.

2.5.6.A.3 Create and demonstrate planned movement sequences, individually and with others, based on tempo, beat, rhythm, and music (creative, cultural, social, and fitness dance).
Content: Movement skill performance is primarily impacted by the quality of instruction, practice, assessment, feedback, and effort.

2.5.8.A.3 Create, explain, and demonstrate, as a small group, a planned movement sequence that includes changes in rhythm, tempo, and musical style (creative, cultural, social, and fitness dance).
Content: Movement skill performance is primarily impacted by the quality of instruction, practice, assessment, feedback, and effort.

2.5.12.A.3 Design and lead a rhythmic activity that includes variations in time, space, force, flow, and relationships (creative, cultural, social, and fitness dance).
Content: Understanding of fundamental concepts related to effective execution of actions provides the foundation for participation in games, sports, dance, and recreational activities.

2.5.2.A.4 Correct movement errors in response to feedback.
Content: Ongoing feedback impacts improvement and effectiveness of movement actions.

2.5.4.A.4 Correct movement errors in response to feedback and explain how the change improves performance.
Content: Performing movement skills effectively is often based on an individual’s ability to analyze one’s own performance as well as receive constructive feedback from others.

2.5.6.A.4 Use self-evaluation and external feedback to detect and correct errors in one’s movement performance.
Content: Movement skill performance is primarily impacted by the quality of instruction, practice, assessment, feedback, and effort.

2.5.8.A.4 Detect, analyze, and correct errors and apply to refine movement skills.
Content: Movement skill performance is primarily impacted by the quality of instruction, practice, assessment, feedback, and effort.

2.5.12.A.4 Critique a movement skill/performance and discuss how each part can be made more interesting, creative, efficient, and effective.
2.5 Motor Skill Development All students will utilize safe, efficient, and effective movement to develop and maintain a healthy, active lifestyle.
B. Strategy:
By the end of Grade 2 By the end of Grade 4 By the end of Grade 6 By the end of Grade 8 By the end of Grade 12
Content: Teamwork consists of effective communication and other interactions between team members.

2.5.2.B.1 Differentiate when to use competitive and cooperative strategies in games, sports, and other movement activities.
Content: Offensive, defensive, and cooperative strategies are applied in most games, sports, and other activity situations.

2.5.4.B.1 Explain and demonstrate the use of basic offensive and defensive strategies (e.g., player positioning, faking, dodging, creating open areas, and defending space).
Content: There is a relationship between applying effective tactical strategies and achieving individual and team goals when competing in games, sports, and other activity situations.

2.5.6.B.1 Demonstrate the use of offensive, defensive, and cooperative strategies in individual, dual, and team activities.
Content: Individual and team execution in games, sports, and other activity situations is based on the interaction of tactical use of strategies, positive mental attitudes, competent skill levels, and teamwork.

2.5.8.B.1 Compare and contrast the use of offensive, defensive, and cooperative strategies in a variety of settings.
Content: Individual and team execution in games, sports, and other activity situations is based on the interaction of tactical use of strategies, positive mental attitudes, competent skill levels, and teamwork.

2.5.12.B.1 Demonstrate and assess tactical understanding by using appropriate and effective offensive, defensive, and cooperative strategies.
Content: Teamwork consists of effective communication and other interactions between team members.

2.5.2.B.2 Explain the difference between offense and defense.
Content: Offensive, defensive, and cooperative strategies are applied in most games, sports, and other activity situations.

2.5.4.B.2 Acknowledge the contributions of team members and choose appropriate ways to motivate and celebrate accomplishments.
Content: There is a relationship between applying effective tactical strategies and achieving individual and team goals when competing in games, sports, and other activity situations.

2.5.6.B.2 Compare and contrast strategies used to impact individual and team effectiveness and make modifications for improvement.
Content: Individual and team execution in games, sports, and other activity situations is based on the interaction of tactical use of strategies, positive mental attitudes, competent skill levels, and teamwork.

2.5.8.B.2 Assess the effectiveness of specific mental strategies applied to improve performance.
Content: Individual and team execution in games, sports, and other activity situations is based on the interaction of tactical use of strategies, positive mental attitudes, competent skill levels, and teamwork.

2.5.12.B.2 Apply a variety of mental strategies to improve performance.
Content: Teamwork consists of effective communication and other interactions between team members.

2.5.2.B.3 Determine how attitude impacts physical performance.
Content: Individual and team execution in games, sports, and other activity situations is based on the interaction of tactical use of strategies, positive mental attitudes, competent skill levels, and teamwork.

2.5.8.B.3 Analyze individual and team effectiveness in achieving a goal and make recommendations for improvement.
Content: Individual and team execution in games, sports, and other activity situations is based on the interaction of tactical use of strategies, positive mental attitudes, competent skill levels, and teamwork.

2.5.12.B.3 Analyze factors that influence intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and employ techniques to enhance individual and team effectiveness.
Content: Teamwork consists of effective communication and other interactions between team members.

2.5.2.B.4 Demonstrate strategies that enable team members to achieve goals.
2.5 Motor Skill Development All students will utilize safe, efficient, and effective movement to develop and maintain a healthy, active lifestyle.
C. Sportsmanship, Rules, and Safety:
By the end of Grade 2 By the end of Grade 4 By the end of Grade 6 By the end of Grade 8 By the end of Grade 12
Content: Practicing appropriate and safe behaviors while participating in and viewing games, sports, and other competitive events contributes to enjoyment of the event.

2.5.2.C.1 Explain what it means to demonstrate good sportsmanship.
Content: Practicing appropriate and safe behaviors while participating in and viewing games, sports, and other competitive events contributes to enjoyment of the event.

2.5.4.C.1 Summarize the characteristics of good sportsmanship and demonstrate appropriate behavior as both a player and an observer.
Content: Practicing appropriate and safe behaviors while participating in and viewing games, sports, and other competitive events contributes to enjoyment of the event.

2.5.6.C.1 Compare the roles and responsibilities of players and observers and recommend strategies to enhance sportsmanship-like behavior.
Content: Self-initiated behaviors that promote personal and group success include safety practices, adherence to rules, etiquette, cooperation, teamwork, ethical behavior, and positive social interaction.

2.5.8.C.1 Assess player behavior for evidence of sportsmanship in individual, small-group, and team activities.
Content: Self-initiated behaviors that promote personal and group success include safety practices, adherence to rules, etiquette, cooperation, teamwork, ethical behavior, and positive social interaction.

2.5.12.C.1 Analyze the role, responsibilities, and preparation of players, officials, trainers, and other participants and recommend strategies to improve their performance and behavior.
Content: Practicing appropriate and safe behaviors while participating in and viewing games, sports, and other competitive events contributes to enjoyment of the event.

2.5.2.C.2 Demonstrate basic activity and safety rules and explain how they contribute to moving in a safe environment.
Content: Practicing appropriate and safe behaviors while participating in and viewing games, sports, and other competitive events contributes to enjoyment of the event.

2.5.4.C.2 Apply specific rules and procedures during physical activity and explain how they contribute to a safe active environment.
Content: Practicing appropriate and safe behaviors while participating in and viewing games, sports, and other competitive events contributes to enjoyment of the event.

2.5.6.C.2 Apply rules and procedures for specific games, sports, and other competitive activities and describe how they enhance participation and safety.
Content: Self-initiated behaviors that promote personal and group success include safety practices, adherence to rules, etiquette, cooperation, teamwork, ethical behavior, and positive social interaction.

2.5.8.C.2 Summarize types of equipment, products, procedures, and rules that contribute to the safety of specific individual, small-group, and team activities.
Content: Self-initiated behaviors that promote personal and group success include safety practices, adherence to rules, etiquette, cooperation, teamwork, ethical behavior, and positive social interaction.

2.5.12.C.2 Develop rule changes to existing games, sports, and activities that enhance safety and enjoyment.
Content: There is a strong cultural, ethnic, and historical background associated with competitive sports and dance.

2.5.6.C.3 Relate the origin and rules associated with certain games, sports, and dances to different cultures.
Content: Movement activities provide a timeless opportunity to connect with people around the world.

2.5.8.C.3 Analyze the impact of different world cultures on present-day games, sports, and dance.
Content: Cultural practices regarding physical activity, sports, and games reflect a microcosm of society.

2.5.12.C.3 Determine the current impact of globalization and technology on the development of, participation in, and viewing of games, sports, dance, and other movement activities, and predict future impact.