Core Curriculum Content Standards

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Science Standards Learning Progressions

5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge. The four Science Practices strands encompass the knowledge and reasoning skills that students must acquire to be proficient in science.
C. Reflect on Scientific Knowledge: Scientific knowledge builds on itself over time.
Preschool By the end of Grade 4 By the end of Grade 8 By the end of Grade 12
Content: Interacting with peers and adults to share questions and explorations about the natural world builds young learners’ scientific knowledge.

5.1.P.C.1 Communicate with other children and adults to share observations, pursue questions, and make predictions and/or conclusions.
Content: Scientific understanding changes over time as new evidence and updated arguments emerge.

5.1.4.C.1 Monitor and reflect on one’s own knowledge regarding how ideas change over time.
Content: Scientific models and understandings of fundamental concepts and principles are refined as new evidence is considered.

5.1.8.C.1 Monitor one’s own thinking as understandings of scientific concepts are refined.
Content: Refinement of understandings, explanations, and models occurs as new evidence is incorporated.

5.1.12.C.1 Reflect on and revise understandings as new evidence emerges.
Content: Revisions of predictions and explanations occur when new arguments emerge that account more completely for available evidence.

5.1.4.C.2 Revise predictions or explanations on the basis of learning new information.
Content: Predictions and explanations are revised to account more completely for available evidence.

5.1.8.C.2 Revise predictions or explanations on the basis of discovering new evidence, learning new information, or using models.
Content: Data and refined models are used to revise predictions and explanations.

5.1.12.C.2 Use data representations and new models to revise predictions and explanations.
Content: Scientific knowledge is a particular kind of knowledge with its own sources, justifications, and uncertainties.

5.1.4.C.3 Present evidence to interpret and/or predict cause-and-effect outcomes of investigations.
Content: Science is a practice in which an established body of knowledge is continually revised, refined, and extended.

5.1.8.C.3 Generate new and productive questions to evaluate and refine core explanations.
Content: Science is a practice in which an established body of knowledge is continually revised, refined, and extended as new evidence emerges.

5.1.12.C.3 Consider alternative theories to interpret and evaluate evidence-based arguments.