Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: 21st-Century Life and Careers
9.4 Career and Technical Education
Content Area 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical Education All students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand G. Government & Public Administration Career Cluster
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.G.1 Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.2 Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.3 Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.4 Interpret and apply geography knowledge and skills to demonstrate understanding of concepts and skills essential for success in the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.5 Distinguish the functions of government and public administration in society to demonstrate an understanding of key issues.                                                                                                              
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.G.6 Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.7 Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.8 Locate, organize, and reference written information from various sources to communicate with others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.9 Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.10 Use correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.11 Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.12 Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.13 Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.14 Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.15 Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.16 Exhibit public relations skills in order to increase internal and external customer satisfaction.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.17 Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.18 Evaluate appropriate communication formats to facilitate the flow of ideas and information among stakeholders in government, public administration, the business community, and the general public.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.19 Identify negotiation skills that achieve the goals of government.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.20 Communicate in one or more foreign languages to enhance performance in careers in the cluster.                                                                                                              
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.G.21 Employ critical thinking skills (e.g., analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.22 Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.23 Identify, write, and monitor performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.24 Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.25 Demonstrate how democratic principles are applied in the process of governmental and administrative policy-making to achieve the public will.                                                                                                              
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.G.26 Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.27 Operate electronic mail applications to communicate.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.28 Operate Internet applications to perform tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.29 Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.30 Operate presentation applications to prepare and deliver presentations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.31 Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.32 Employ database applications to manage data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.33 Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.34 Employ computer operations applications to manage tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.35 Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.36 Use emerging and specialized technologies to execute tasks and processes that achieve objectives specific to this cluster.                                                                                                              
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.G.37 Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.38 Describe and use quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.39 Analyze and summarize the systems used by this cluster to achieve strategic objectives.                                                                                                              
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.G.40 Demonstrate knowledge of personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.41 Demonstrate knowledge of employee rights and responsibilities and employers’ obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.42 Identify emergency procedures that are necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.43 Identify response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.44 Explain health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.45 Evaluate organizational policies and procedures that contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.46 Describe safe and healthful working conditions and environments that promote well-being in workplaces in this cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.47 Demonstrate knowledge of occupational safety and health, employee rights and responsibilities, and employers’ obligations when executing work tasks related to this cluster in order to promote safe and healthful working conditions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.48 Assess types and sources of hazards common to workplaces in this cluster to demonstrate understanding of health and safety concerns.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.49 Apply understanding of hazards common to workplaces in this cluster by selecting appropriate procedures to maintain safe environments.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.50 Design plans and policies to respond to public health, public safety, and environmental concerns.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.51 Identify public hazards and determine appropriate abatement strategies and safety procedures.                                                                                                              
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.G.52 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.53 Employ organizational skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.54 Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members’ talents effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.55 Establish and maintain effective relationships in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.56 Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.57 Employ mentoring skills to assist others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.58 Develop an organizational vision and strategic plan to inform stakeholders of the goals of a government or public administration agency.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.59 Design human resource strategies to maximize the organizational potential of government and public administration agencies.                                                                                                              
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.G.60 Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of situations in order to make ethical decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.61 Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures that help workers perform their tasks according to employer rules and expectations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.62 Assess and select a standard of practice that is sufficient to meet legal and ethical requirements as well as the public’s expectations for government and public administration.                                                                                                              
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.G.63 Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to succeed.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.64 Develop a Personalized Student Learning Plan to meet career goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.65 Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment in a desired job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.66 Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills, and experience in a career field.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.67 Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.68 Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.69 Identify and explore career pathways within the career cluster to learn about possible career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.70 Examine requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.71 Research professional development opportunities needed to keep current on relevant trends and information within the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.72 Examine licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the national, state, and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.73 Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.74 Interpret organizational policies, rules, and procedures that ensure government and public administration employees effectively perform their jobs.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.75 Compare and evaluate career pathways within this cluster to build understanding of the requirements across multiple pathways.                                                                                                              
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.G.76 Employ information management techniques and strategies to assist in decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.77 Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.G.78 Describe how human, financial, material, and information resources may be used in a manner that instills public trust.                                                                                                              

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand G. Government & Public Administration Career Cluster
Pathway (1) Governance
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.G.(1).1 Use research and organizational skills to identify factual information applicable to matters of public policy.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.G.(1).2 Develop and articulate reasoned, persuasive arguments to support public policy options or positions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.G.(1).3 Select appropriate political processes to build consensus and resolve differing opinions and positions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.G.(1).4 Design policy advocacy strategies to gain support for changes in policies, laws, regulations, ordinances, programs, or procedures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand G. Government & Public Administration Career Cluster
Pathway (2) Foreign Service
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.G.(2).1 Describe how foreign service professionals’ knowledge of history, law, geography, natural resources, and economics; of sociology, politics, business, and culture; and of U.S. foreign policy would be used to create American foreign policy positions and objectives for diplomacy with other countries.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.G.(2).2 Describe how foreign service professionals’ knowledge of world history, law, geography, natural resources, and economics; of sociology, politics, business, and culture; and of U.S. foreign policy would be used to promote new or modified U.S. Foreign Service efforts.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.G.(2).3 Describe how knowledge of U.S. and host-country laws, regulations, policies, and procedures can be used to manage administrative matters.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.G.(2).4 Describe how knowledge of host-country laws, customs, and effective administrative practices can be applied to manage diplomatic operations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand G. Government & Public Administration Career Cluster
Pathway (3) Planning
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.G.(3).1 Analyze strategies that facilitate coherent integration of multiple plans or coordination of government/agency functions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.G.(3).2 Develop comprehensive plans for land use, housing, parks and recreation, transportation, economic development, and public facilities to manage change and allocate resources.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.G.(3).3 Formulate plans and policies that meet social, economic, and physical needs and achieve the goals of the government or public agency.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand G. Government & Public Administration Career Cluster
Pathway (4) National Security
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.G.(4).1 Participate in courses that instruct persons who perform tasks related to national and homeland security.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.G.(4).2 Recognize appropriate duties, responsibilities, and authority of all levels of personnel in an organization to facilitate maximum utilization of human resources.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.G.(4).3 Demonstrate leadership skills and strategies necessary to ensure compliance with rules of engagement and other applicable ethical standards.