Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: 21st-Century Life and Careers
9.4 Career and Technical Education
Content Area 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical Education All students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand J. Human Services Career Cluster
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.J.1 Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.2 Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.3 Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.J.4 Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.5 Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.6 Locate, organize, and reference written information from various sources to communicate with others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.7 Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.8 Use correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.9 Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.10 Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.11 Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.12 Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.13 Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.14 Exhibit public relations skills in order to increase internal and external customer satisfaction.                                                                                                              
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.J.15 Employ critical thinking skills (e.g., analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.16 Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.17 Identify, write, and monitor performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.18 Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.                                                                                                              
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.J.19 Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.20 Operate electronic mail applications to communicate.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.21 Operate Internet applications to perform tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.22 Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.23 Operate presentation applications to prepare and deliver presentations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.24 Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.25 Employ database applications to manage data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.26 Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.27 Employ computer operations applications to manage work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.28 Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.                                                                                                              
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.J.29 Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.30 Describe and use quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.31 Apply principles of planning, design, development, and evaluation when creating professional programs to accomplish long-range goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.32 Analyze and select human resources to accomplish team objectives in this cluster.                                                                                                              
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.J.33 Demonstrate knowledge of personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.34 Demonstrate knowledge of employee rights and responsibilities and employers’ obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.35 Identify emergency procedures that are necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.36 Identify response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.37 Explain health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.38 Evaluate organizational policies and procedures that contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.39 Describe and assess rules and laws affecting this cluster to promote occupational safety and health.                                                                                                              
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.J.40 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.41 Employ organizational skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.42 Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members’ talents effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.43 Establish and maintain effective relationships in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.44 Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.45 Employ mentoring skills to assist others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.46 Describe quality service, explain what it means to provide quality human services to clients, and model those behaviors.                                                                                                              
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.J.47 Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of situations in order to make ethical decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.48 Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures to help employees perform their jobs according to employer rules and expectations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.49 Model ethical and legal conduct in this cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.50 Describe actions that comply with legal requirements for personal liability to guide personal conduct in this cluster.                                                                                                              
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.J.51 Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to succeed in the classroom and/or to be employable.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.52 Develop a Personalized Student Learning Plan to meet career goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.53 Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment in a desired job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.54 Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills, and experience in a career field.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.55 Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.56 Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.57 Identify and explore careers in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.58 Examine requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.59 Research professional development opportunities needed to keep current on relevant trends and information within the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.60 Examine licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the national, state, and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.61 Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship an option for career planning.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.62 Explain written organizational policies, rules, and procedures that are common to this cluster and that are used to help employees perform their jobs effectively.                                                                                                              
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.J.63 Employ information management techniques and strategies to assist in decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.64 Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.65 Describe and apply technical knowledge and skills required to be successful in careers in this cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.66 Analyze resources for cost effectiveness to assist with planning the delivery of human services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.J.67 Describe human development principles to enhance the well-being of individuals served by this cluster.                                                                                                              

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand J. Human Services Career Cluster
Pathway (1) Early Childhood Development & Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.J.(1).1 Describe and use grammatically correct English to enhance learning, direct behavior, and strengthen classroom management.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(1).2 Demonstrate knowledge of principles of child growth and development, including social, emotional, physical, and cognitive milestones, to provide appropriate and comprehensive program offerings.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.J.(1).3 Demonstrate listening and communication skills, including listening respectfully and attentively to the child to facilitate ongoing development.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(1).4 Demonstrate listening and communication skills, including listening respectfully and attentively to parents/guardians to facilitate the child’s ongoing development.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(1).5 Demonstrate listening and communication skills, including listening respectfully and attentively to staff members to facilitate child development activities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(1).6 Write plainly, synthesizing and summarizing information to assure it is easily understood by parents/guardians and staff members.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.J.(1).7 Analyze situations and apply problem-solving and critical thinking skills to provide solutions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.J.(1).8 Select and use appropriate technology to enhance and organize childcare and education programs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.J.(1).9 Research knowledge of safety and sanitation procedures associated with environments in this pathway to assure compliance and readiness for potential hazards.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.J.(1).10 Describe an inviting and encouraging atmosphere to encourage parent/guardian and family participation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(1).11 Create and plan parent-teacher conferences, open houses, and other family forums to enhance family and community involvement.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.J.(1).12 Describe ethical and legal responsibilities, laws, and regulations to protect children and families.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.J.(1).13 Research necessary education and state-specific requirements to practice in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.J.(1).14 Incorporate play and other activities in program plans to develop children’s skills.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(1).15 Evaluate curriculum for multicultural awareness activities to ensure a culturally rich and inviting learning environment.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(1).16 Evaluate curriculum for inclusiveness of special needs children.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand J. Human Services Career Cluster
Pathway (2) Family & Community Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.J.(2).1 Increase awareness of applicable services in this pathway by identifying and articulating how individuals receive information in various individual, social, historical, economic, and cultural contexts.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.J.(2).2 Evaluate and identify a range of effective communication strategies and skills necessary to establish a collaborative relationship with others in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(2).3 Demonstrate knowledge of how to communicate with family systems to benefit clients.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.J.(2).4 Recognize concerns and plan how to assist individuals to make informed decisions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(2).5 Analyze and identify various treatment plans that adjust to meet client needs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(2).6 Examine crisis prevention, intervention, and resolution strategies to formulate emergency plans.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.J.(2).7 Explain the rules of confidentiality to inspire client confidence in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(2).8 Examine laws governing abuse, neglect, confidentiality, and other health and safety situations to establish legal aspects of operation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.J.(2).9 Research degrees, certifications, diplomas, or credentials required for employment and careers in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.J.(2).10 Describe formal and informal assessment practices to create interventions to assist clients in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(2).11 Locate available community support and service networks to align needs of clients with community resources.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(2).12 Locate community resources to demonstrate awareness of assistance available to help clients in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(2).13 Research state and local social service providers to expand the base of resources available to assist clients in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand J. Human Services Career Cluster
Pathway (3) Personal Care Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.J.(3).1 Describe and apply economic and accounting principles and practices to promote business success and growth in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).2 Describe and apply principles of biology by identifying living tissues, cells, and organisms to select and provide safe and effective personal care products and services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).3 Describe and apply principles of chemistry by explaining chemical processes and the composition, structure, and properties of substances to provide a broad range of personal care services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).4 Describe and apply basic principles of human anatomy to classify potential problems and to provide needed personal care services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.J.(3).5 Demonstrate knowledge of advertising principles when selecting media to attract and retain clients in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.J.(3).6 Demonstrate how to assist individuals by recognizing concerns and making informed decisions to provide appropriate personal care services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).7 Develop individualized plans that reflect client/family preferences, needs, and interests to create a course of treatment/action.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).8 Demonstrate knowledge of time management principles and techniques to achieve objectives and effectively serve clients, their families, and the community.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).9 Interpret and evaluate client satisfaction and propose solutions, procedures, and products to enhance future services and client interactions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.J.(3).10 Employ technology to analyze data and information to make appropriate recommendations and conclusions for personal care services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).11 Demonstrate how to maintain electronic records of client services using procedures to securely store and retrieve personal care and client information.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.J.(3).12 Identify vendor resources to provide maximum benefit for clients, service providers, businesses, or organizations in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).13 Identify and assess systems in this pathway that providers can use obtain the range of personal care resources needed for business practice, and that allow providers to access those resources at appropriate times.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).14 Describe organizational policies, procedures, and regulations used to establish organizational priorities, accomplish the mission, and provide high quality service to a diverse set of clients and families in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.J.(3).15 Select and summarize emergency policies and procedures to achieve a safe and healthy environment at all times.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).16 Maintain a clean record of safety when providing services in this pathway by recognizing and assessing risks and potentially hazardous situations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.J.(3).17 Employ leadership skills to maintain positive relationships that enhance personal care business opportunities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.J.(3).18 Research current information and resources on personal care services to attract new clients and satisfy and retain present clients.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).19 Demonstrate how to synthesize client and professional information to attract new clients and retain present clients.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).20 Demonstrate knowledge of administrative/clerical procedures and systems to provide client satisfaction.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).21 Select various methods of obtaining feedback from clients and their families to understand their expectations and promote high quality standards.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).22 Research techniques, principles, tools, and instruments for developing efficient and safe delivery of client services to enhance client satisfaction.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(3).23 Demonstrate principles of mechanics when choosing, evaluating, and maintaining service equipment to provide continued client services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand J. Human Services Career Cluster
Pathway (4) Consumer Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.J.(4).1 Assess strategies used to motivate clients/consumers to follow through with recommendations to better serve the client/consumer interests.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(4).2 Explain consumer services, using appropriate language, in order to complete transactions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(4).3 Create accurate public service information to educate various audiences about consumer services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.J.(4).4 Employ critical thinking skills when solving financial/economic problems to deliver appropriate recommendations to clients.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.J.(4).5 Use standard business tools or procedures to create consumer service information and facilitate client interactions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.J.(4).6 Demonstrate how to establish physically and psychologically healthy environments to inspire client confidence in the consumer services provided.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.J.(4).7 Describe ethical and legal responsibilities associated with providing consumer services to serve the best interests of clients/consumers.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.J.(4).8 Research necessary credentials and licensures and meet state-specific requirements to prepare for a career in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.J.(4).9 Select appropriate business procedures and equipment to produce satisfying client outcomes and business success.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(4).10 Research industry-specific products and equipment and demonstrate understanding of product/equipment features and uses to inform client and consumers.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.J.(4).11 Locate and synthesize current research on products and services to enhance presentations to clients/consumers.