Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: 21st-Century Life and Careers
9.4 Career and Technical Education
Content Area 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical Education All students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand K. Information Technology Career Cluster
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.K.1 Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.2 Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.3 Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.K.4 Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.5 Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.6 Locate, organize, and reference written information from various sources to communicate with others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.7 Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.8 Use correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.9 Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.10 Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.11 Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.12 Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.13 Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.14 Exhibit public relations skills in order to increase internal and external customer satisfaction.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.15 Demonstrate how to develop positive customer relations to build and maintain a customer base in this cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.16 Demonstrate how to perform scheduling functions to meet customer needs in this cluster.                                                                                                              
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.K.17 Employ critical thinking skills (e.g., analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.18 Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.19 Identify, write, and monitor performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.20 Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.21 Use information technology design processes and guidelines to produce a quality information technology product or service.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.22 Implement problem-solving processes to evaluate and verify the nature of problems in this cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.23 Employ organizational and design principles to sort and group information used in this cluster.                                                                                                              
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.K.24 Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.25 Operate electronic mail applications to communicate.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.26 Operate Internet applications to perform tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.27 Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.28 Operate presentation applications to prepare and deliver presentations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.29 Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.30 Employ database applications to manage data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.31 Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.32 Employ computer operations applications to manage tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.33 Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.                                                                                                              
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.K.34 Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.35 Describe and use quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.36 Analyze and summarize the use of information technology to enhance business effectiveness.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.37 Implement cross-functional teams to achieve project goals specific to this cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.38 Employ project management knowledge to oversee information technology projects.                                                                                                              
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.K.39 Demonstrate knowledge of personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.40 Demonstrate knowledge of employee rights and responsibilities and employers’ obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.41 Identify emergency procedures that are necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.42 Identify response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.43 Explain health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.44 Evaluate organizational policies and procedures that contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.                                                                                                              
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.K.45 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.46 Employ organizational skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.47 Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members’ talents effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.48 Establish and maintain effective relationships in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.49 Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.50 Employ mentoring skills to assist others.                                                                                                              
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.K.51 Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of situations in order to make ethical decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.52 Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures that help workers perform their tasks according to employer rules and expectations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.53 Apply standard practices and behaviors that meet legal and ethical requirements and exhibit positive cyber-citizenry to demonstrate understanding of legal issues faced by professionals in this cluster.                                                                                                              
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.K.54 Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to succeed in the classroom and/or to be employable.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.55 Develop a Personalized Student Learning Plan to meet career goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.56 Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment in a desired job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.57 Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills, and experience in a career field.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.58 Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.59 Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.60 Identify and explore careers in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.61 Examine requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.62 Research professional development opportunities needed to keep current on relevant trends and information within the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.63 Examine licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the national, state, and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.64 Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.65 Identify and explain the implications that information technology has for business transformation and development to demonstrate an understanding of the impact the industry has on business.                                                                                                              
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.K.66 Employ information management techniques and strategies to assist in decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.67 Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.68 Demonstrate knowledge of the hardware components associated with information systems.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.69 Compare classes of software associated with the development and maintenance of information systems to develop software and maintain computer systems.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.70 Identify and compare new information systems trends and technologies to build an understanding of their potential influence on industry practices.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.71 Summarize basic data communications components and trends to maintain and update information technology systems.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.72 Demonstrate technical knowledge of the Internet to develop and maintain information technology systems.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.73 Access and use Internet services to service and update information technology systems and to complete other information technology tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.74 Install and configure software programs to maintain and update information technology systems.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.75 Demonstrate knowledge of Web page basics to convey an understanding of Web page design and functioning.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.76 Employ information technology knowledge and procedures when configuring or modifying an operating system to ensure optimal system functioning.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.77 Perform standard computer backup procedures to protect information.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.78 Recognize and analyze potential information technology security threats to develop and maintain security measures.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.79 Maintain computer systems to ensure optimal functioning of information technology systems.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.80 Provide support and training to maintain proper network functioning.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.81 Identify and describe quality assurance concepts to develop an understanding of the requirements for quality information technology products/services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.K.82 Describe the use of computer forensics to prevent and solve information technology crimes and security breaches.                                                                                                              

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand K. Information Technology Career Cluster
Pathway (1) Network Systems
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.K.(1).1 Identify and analyze an individual’s or a business organization’s network system needs and requirements to design a network.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(1).2 Analyze a network system to determine if it meets specifications.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(1).3 Design a network system using industry-specific technologies, tools, and standards to demonstrate a basic understanding of network architecture.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(1).4 Perform network system installation and configuration to launch a network system.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(1).5 Perform network administration and monitoring to maintain a network system.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(1).6 Perform network maintenance and user support services to maintain a network system.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand K. Information Technology Career Cluster
Pathway (2) Information Support & Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.K.(2).1 Perform user support to maintain service.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(2).2 Manage software systems to maintain and update service.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(2).3 Use hardware design, operation, and maintenance knowledge and skills to provide user support.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(2).4 Demonstrate and apply knowledge of operating system design, operation, and maintenance to provide informational support and perform service tasks.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(2).5 Demonstrate the use of networking concepts to develop a network.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(2).6 Employ knowledge of information system analysis and design to evaluate information systems.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(2).7 Employ system installation and maintenance skills when setting up and maintaining an information system to demonstrate application of fundamental system knowledge.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(2).8 Employ system administration and control skills to monitor an information system.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(2).9 Employ technical writing and documentation skills to keep records necessary for an information system.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(2).10 Identify and implement quality assurance processes to maximize information system operation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand K. Information Technology Career Cluster
Pathway (3) Web & Digital Communication
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.K.(3).1 Prepare specifications for digital communication products to communicate specifications to various audiences.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(3).2 Create and implement a digital communication product to meet customer needs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.K.(3).3 Gather and analyze customer requirements for digital communications to best meet consumer needs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(3).4 Define the scope of work in a written form to summarize and meet customer requirements for digital communication.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(3).5 Identify and implement quality assurance processes to deliver quality digital communication products and services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.K.(3).6 Consider intellectual property issues when creating Web pages and comply with intellectual property rights statutes and regulations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.K.(3).7 Iterate through the design and development process to create a uniform Web-based or digital product.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(3).8 Participate in a user-focused design and development process to produce Web-based and digital communication solutions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(3).9 Design and employ the use of motion graphics to create a visual Web-based or digital design.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(3).10 Demonstrate the effective use of tools, including tools for product development, product management, and production, to complete Web-based or digital communication projects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(3).11 Employ knowledge of Web design, programming, and administration to develop and maintain Web-based applications.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(3).12 Perform maintenance and customer support functions for digital communication products to maintain quality products that meet customer needs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(3).13 Test a digital communication product to evaluate its functionality.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand K. Information Technology Career Cluster
Pathway (4) Programming & Software Development
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.K.(4).1 Identify and analyze customer software needs and requirements to guide programming and software development.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(4).2 Create and use information technology strategies and project plans when solving specific problems to deliver a product that meets customer specifications.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(4).3 Identify and analyze system and software requirements to ensure maximum operating efficiency.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(4).4 Demonstrate the effective use of software development tools to develop software applications.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(4).5 Use the software development process to design a software application and deliver it to the customer.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(4).6 Produce a computer application, in code, to demonstrate proficiency in developing an application using the appropriate programming language.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(4).7 Implement software testing procedures to ensure quality products.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(4).8 Perform quality assurance tasks to produce quality products.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(4).9 Perform maintenance and customer support functions to maintain software applications.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.K.(4).10 Develop and maintain a database to store information.