Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: 21st-Century Life and Careers
9.4 Career and Technical Education
ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand L. Law, Public Safety, Corrections, & Security Career Cluster
Pathway (1) Corrections Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.L.(1).1 Demonstrate knowledge of psychosocial principles and strategies to facilitate and deal with human behavior encountered in corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.L.(1).2 Apply active listening skills in multiple settings common to corrections environments, such as group meetings and presentations, in order to obtain and clarify information and to implement directives and procedures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).3 Execute verbal and oral communication techniques to deliver presentations and communicate technical information related to corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).4 Demonstrate knowledge of how to interpret, analyze, and evaluate nonverbal messages to distinguish fact from fabrication in messages received in corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).5 Demonstrate knowledge of how to design effective written and visual materials using specific academic writing strategies to document and communicate incidents, activities, evidence, observations, and other important information related to corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.L.(1).6 Demonstrate knowledge of conflict resolution techniques and skills in order to resolve conflicts among individuals.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).7 Demonstrate knowledge of how to analyze hostile situations and execute anger and/or conflict management strategies in order to take charge of problems that arise in corrections settings.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).8 Demonstrate knowledge of how to observe and evaluate the surrounding environment for signs of potential problems and/or danger in order to proactively address potential problems in corrections settings.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.L.(1).9 Use information technology systems to track public offenders in order to maintain accurate records within and among corrections institutions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.L.(1).10 Analyze and interpret standard operational procedures used in the criminal justice system in order to maintain security in corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.L.(1).11 Research, analyze, and interpret appropriate state and federal laws and documents to ensure corrections facility compliance with these requirements.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).12 Demonstrate understanding of regulations and procedures designed to ensure the health and well-being of inmates in corrections facilities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.L.(1).13 Assume leadership responsibilities commonly assigned to employees in corrections environments in order to demonstrate the ability to lead and collaborate with others.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.L.(1).14 Analyze and interpret constitutional rights and other laws affecting corrections systems in order to promote a system with zero errors in performance regarding respect for individual rights.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).15 Analyze and summarize key implications that the U. S. legal system has for corrections services to demonstrate understanding and knowledge of influences on corrections systems.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).16 Analyze and select techniques used to manage crisis situations in corrections environments to protect individuals and society.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).17 Apply knowledge of mental disorders, physical disabilities, communication disorders, and unusual behaviors to describe how to identify, communicate with, and assist individuals requiring additional assistance in order to perform regular corrections officer duties.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).18 Describe model behaviors used during interactions with prisoners that demonstrate concern for persons with disabilities or impairments in order to foster public cooperation and make corrections services more effective.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).19 Describe protocols created to reduce or address sexual harassment or abuse while performing corrections duties in order to reduce violations of this kind in corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).20 Describe how to appraise situations that require the use of force and how to select appropriate times to use varying degrees of force, including deadly force, in order to demonstrate understanding of the proper use of force in corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).21 Model appropriate reactions to situations involving Fourth Amendment rights, such as arrest authority, search and seizure, and probable cause, in order to demonstrate an understanding of the amendment’s impact on actions of corrections officers and on corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).22 Evaluate and summarize the rights of an individual being interrogated under the Fifth and Sixth Amendments in order to ensure trial, jury, and due process rights for individuals within corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).23 Analyze and summarize the impact of the Fourteenth Amendment as it relates to due process and equal protection in order to ensure protection of constitutional rights for individuals in corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).24 Analyze and summarize limits on and types of interrogation procedures in order to protect the rights of both U.S. and non-U.S. citizens in corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).25 Analyze and summarize the ethical and legal responsibilities of corrections staff to demonstrate understanding of responsible staff behavior, and to ensure the protection of legal rights in corrections environments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).26 Analyze and interpret constitutional rights and other laws affecting corrections systems in order to promote a system with zero errors in performance regarding respect for individual rights.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.L.(1).27 Use reliable sources to research and evaluate employment opportunities in corrections services in order to find corrections careers that align with individual mental and physical abilities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).28 Model skills and behaviors that demonstrate an adequate level of drive in order to seek, apply for, obtain, and accept employment in the corrections services field.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).29 Create, implement, and revise a plan for continuing education and training in the correctional services field in order to promote career advancement, personal development, and a positive image for corrections services employees.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.L.(1).30 Compare and contrast custodial and non-custodial career opportunities in correctional environments in order to identify multiple opportunities for employment in the corrections services field.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.L.(1).31 Summarize and apply knowledge of technical skills and procedures common to careers in this field to effectively complete day-to-day operations of corrections facilities.