State of New Jersey - NJ Global Warming
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Laws and Executive Orders

Global Warming Response Act
The New Jersey Global Warming Response Act (P.L.2007, c.112) set statewide limits on greenhouse gas emissions in July 2007. The law mandates reductions in greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020, approximately a 20 percent reduction below estimated 2020 business-as-usual emissions, followed by a further reduction of emissions to 80 percent below 2006 levels by 2050. In addition, the GWRA requires, among other things, that:

  • the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) work with other state agencies and stakeholders to evaluate methods to meet and exceed the 2020 and 2050 limits and make recommendations;
  • the NJDEP conduct an inventory of statewide greenhouse gas emissions that will be updated regularly;
  • the NJDEP establish a greenhouse emissions monitoring and reporting program requiring the identification and tracking of all significant sources of greenhouse emissions in New Jersey;
  • the Board of Public Utilities, in the New Jersey Energy Master Plan, make recommendations for methods to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the production, processing, distribution, transmission, storage, or use of energy.

Global Warming Solutions Fund Act
Adopted in January 2008, the Global Warming Solutions Fund Act (pdf) authorizes the auction of allowances under the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, a ten-state mandatory carbon dioxide cap-and-trade program for electric power plants. The law directs that auction proceeds be used to: fund energy efficiency, renewable energy, and innovative greenhouse gas reduction technologies; promote local government greenhouse gas reduction efforts; preserve and restore forests and tidal marshes; and reduce energy demands and costs for low- and moderate-income New Jersey citizens.

Renewable Portfolio Standard
Adopted in 1999, the Electric Discount and Energy Competition Act (P.L.1999, c.23) (pdf) requires that each electric power supplier or basic generation service provider serving retail customers in New Jersey must include electricity generated from renewable energy sources in its power portfolio.

Executive Order 11
Issued in April 2006, Executive Order 11 promotes energy efficiency, energy conservation, renewable energy, and green purchasing in New Jersey state government. The Order also created the post of Director of Energy Savings within the New Jersey Department of Treasury to oversee these initiatives.


Global Warming Solutions Fund Priority Ranking Rule
In 2009, N.J.A.C. 7:27D (pdf) established guidelines and a priority ranking system for allocation of funds from the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) carbon dioxide emissions auctions. RGGI is designed to stabilize and then reduce carbon dioxide emissions from electric power plants through a regional carbon dioxide cap-and-trade program.

Carbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program Rule
In 2008, N.J.A.C. 7:27C (pdf) established the New Jersey component of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Carbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program.

Regulations Supporting Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
In 2007, N.J.A.C. 7:27-30 (pdf) promoted energy efficiency projects and renewable energy projects by setting aside allowances for these projects in New Jersey's emission trading program for oxides of nitrogen (NOx).

In 2006, N.J.A.C. 14:8-2 increased the State's Renewable Portfolio Standard from 6.5% to 22.5%, and added a requirement that 2.12% of the renewable sources requirement be from solar energy.

New Jersey continues to adopt rules related to energy efficiency, net metering and interconnection, and the Renewable Portfolio Standard that put New Jersey on a path toward a clean energy future.

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Where to find New Jersey laws, executive orders and regulations

Laws. For New Jersey laws, bills and information about the legislative process, see the New Jersey Legislature Web site at

Executive orders. Click here for executive orders issued by New Jersey governors past and present.

Regulations. LexisNexis ® is the publisher of the New Jersey Administrative Code (N.J.A.C.) and the New Jersey Register (N.J.R.) Both publications can be accessed for free online at

The New Jersey Administrative Code is a compilation of all of the rules of State agencies.

The New Jersey Register is the official journal of State agency rulemaking. Published twice a month, the Register contains the full text of rules that State agencies propose and adopt, as well as notices of public hearings, Gubernatorial Orders, and other notices.

The New Jersey Register and the New Jersey Administrative Code may be available for review at individual public and university libraries throughout the State. Contact the library directly to determine if the publications are available. To purchase a copy of the New Jersey Register or the New Jersey Administrative Code, contact LexisNexis ® Customer Service at (800) 223-1940, or go to the LexisNexis ® bookstore on the internet at

See the New Jersey Office of Administrative Law for more information about rulemaking in the New Jersey.

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