Short History of New Jersey
1787, New Jersey became the third state to ratify the U.S.
Constitution and the first state to sign the Bill of Rights.
In 1790, Trenton officially became the state capital of
New Jersey. William Livingston became New Jersey's first
Jersey grew and prospered during the early 1800s. New factories
sprung up throughout the state. Paterson became a textile
center and later became known for producing trains and
silk. Trenton produced clay products, iron, and steel.
Camden, Elizabeth, Jersey City, Newark, and Passaic all
became major manufacturing centers in the 1800s.
canals and railroads helped industry grow. Europeans came
by the thousands to New Jersey to work in the factories.
Jersey remained rural for the most part, growing the crops
to feed the urban areas nearby. Railroads were important
in helping the South Jersey seashore areas expand. In 1850,
New Jersey's population of nearly half a million and the
industries in which most of those people worked were concentrated
in the north.
the Civil War, New Jersey provided 31 regiments (groups
of soldiers), including cavalry (soldiers on horseback)
and infantry (soldiers on foot). Over 25,000 New Jersey
men fought for the Union, and New Jersey soldiers participated
in almost every major Eastern battle.
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