Communicable Disease Service

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Vector-Borne Illness

"Vector-borne" is the term used to describe illness that is spread when infected blood-sucking insects (such as mosquitoes and ticks) bite a person.  The Communicable Disease Service has staff dedicated to the monitoring, control and prevention of vector-borne diseases.

Specific activities performed by vector-borne illness staff include:

  • Surveillance of vector-borne diseases
  • Identifying risk factors
  • Monitoring geographic trends
  • Providing technical assistance and training
  • Educating the public

Some common vector-borne diseases in New Jersey include:

Lyme Disease

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

West Nile Virus

Ehrlichiosis 

Eastern Equine Encephalitis

St. Louis Encephalitis

Anaplasmosis

Babesiosis

Tularemia


Some vector-borne diseases that do not occur in New Jersey but may be identified in travelers returning from other states or countries where these diseases may occur:

Dengue

Yellow Fever   

Malaria

Chikungunya

Plague

Zika


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