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New Jersey Health Statistics
2001

Data files have been updated since this report was published. Updated data are available on NJSHAD.

MORTALITY

Statistical Overview

There were 74,710 deaths of New Jersey residents in 2001 (Table M3).  This represents a 0.1 percent decrease from 2000.  The crude death rate was 877.8 per 100,000 population and the age-adjusted rate was 832.0 (Table M1 and Figure M1).  This represents a 2.4 percent decrease from 2000 and a 10.6 percent decrease from the rate in 1991 (Table M1).  The age-adjusted death rate for males was 41.1 percent higher than the rate for females and the age-adjusted death rate for blacks was 35.0 percent higher than the rate for whites in 2001 (Table M2 and Figure M2).  For persons born in New Jersey in 2001, preliminary average life expectancy was 77.6 years.  For females, it was 80.2 years and for males it was 74.9 years.  Life expectancy for whites was 78.2 years and 72.2 years for blacks (Table M12 and Figure M8). 

Causes of Death

The ten leading causes of death remained unchanged from those in 1998-2000:  heart disease, cancer, stroke, chronic respiratory disease (CLRD), diabetes, unintentional injuries, influenza and pneumonia, septicemia, kidney disease, and Alzheimer's disease (Table M13).  These ten causes of death accounted for 79.4 percent of deaths in 2001 (Table M14).  The three leading causes of death among both sexes and all races (heart disease, cancer, and stroke) accounted for 60.1 percent of all deaths.  Chronic respiratory disease (CLRD) was the fourth leading cause of death for females and fifth for males.  Unintentional injury was tied with stroke as the third leading cause of death among males, while it was ninth among females (Table M21).  Because of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks (9/11), homicide was the seventh leading cause of death among males in 2001 (Table M21).  HIV disease was the fourth leading cause of death among blacks and the twentieth among whites (Table M22).  CLRD was the fourth leading cause of death among whites but the ninth leading cause among blacks (Table M22).  Because of 9/11, homicide rose from sixth leading cause of death in 2000 to second leading cause of death among residents 25-44 years old in 2001 (Tables M14, M18).

The age-adjusted death rate due to cancer was 7.9 percent lower in 2001 than it was in 1996.  Age-adjusted deaths rates for most cancer sites decreased over the time period (Table M24).  In 2001, trachea, lung, and bronchus remained the most common cancer mortality site, followed by cancer of the colon, rectum, and anus and cancer of the breast (Table M24).  Over 57 percent of cancer deaths occurred among those aged 65-84 (Table M25).  In 2001, male age-adjusted death rates were 73.0 percent higher for cancer of the trachea, lung, and bronchus and 33.2 percent higher for cancer of the colon, rectum, and anus than the respective rates for females (Tables M26-M27).  

Firearms caused 370 deaths in 2001.  Of those, 190 were homicides, 167 were suicides, 11 were accidental, and 2 were of undetermined intent (Table M32).  The age-adjusted firearm death rate among males was 10 times the rate among females and the rate among blacks was 3.7 times the white rate (Table M33).  Drug-related causes such as mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use, accidental overdoses, and intentional poisonings resulted in 796 deaths (Table M34).  Alcohol-related causes accounted for 493 deaths in 2001 (Table M35).  In 2001, the age-adjusted drug-related death rate among males was 2.8 times that of females and the age-adjusted alcohol-related death rate among males was 3.4 times the rate among females (Tables M34-M35).

This report contains a September 11, 2001 supplement based on deaths of New Jersey residents for whom a death certificate had been filed as of October 24, 2002.  It includes those who died at the World Trade Center, at the Pentagon, aboard the hijacked airplanes, and those who died later as a result of their injuries.  Terrorism deaths are included with homicides in the major cause groups used throughout this report.  Because of 9/11, fatal injuries at work rose from 89 in 2000 to 790 in 2001.  560 males and 121 females died at work on 9/11.  There were an additional 109 fatalities at work in 2001 that were not due to 9/11 (Table M36).  Over 80 percent of the New Jersey victims of 9/11 were under the age of 50 and 81.8 percent were male (Table M-S1).  Among New Jersey residents who died as a result of 9/11, 86.6 percent were white, 9.4 percent were Asian or Pacific Islander, 6.4 percent were Hispanic of any race, and 3.9 percent were black (Tables M-S2 - M-S3).  Of those who died, 72 percent were married, 21 percent were single, and 7 percent were divorced or widowed (Table M-S5).  On September 11, 2001, 672 New Jersey residents died in New York City, 17 in Pennsylvania, and 1 in Virginia (Table M-S7).  Two others died in New York City in the weeks following 9/11 (Table M-S7).  Over 50 percent of the New Jersey victims lived in Bergen, Hudson, and Monmouth Counties (Table M-S8).  Among New Jersey resident victims, 38 percent were born in New Jersey, 28 percent in New York, and 20 percent were born in other countries (Table M-S9).  The 2001 age-adjusted death rate due to terrorism was 7.9 per 100,000 population (Table M-S4).    

Infant, Fetal, and Maternal Mortality

The number and rate of infant deaths increased slightly from 2000 (Table M43).  The infant mortality rate among black non-Hispanics remained more than three times as high as the rate among white non-Hispanics (Table M44).  Two-thirds of infant deaths occurred in the neonatal period (within the first 27 days of life).  Infants who were part of a multiple birth were five times as likely to die within the first year of life as singletons.  Mortality was negatively related to birth weight and gestational age.  Infants whose mothers received no prenatal care were more than seven times as likely to die within the first year of life as those whose mothers received early prenatal care.  Infant mortality rates decreased with increasing maternal age until the 35-39 age group where rates rose again.  Infant mortality rates were more than twice as high for infants of unmarried mothers versus married mothers and for mothers who smoked during pregnancy versus mothers who did not smoke during pregnancy (Table M47).  More than 60 percent of infant deaths had a medical risk factor reported on their birth certificate.  Incompetent cervix and previous preterm or small-for-gestational-age infant were the most commonly reported medical risk factors among infant death records.  Of newborns whose mothers had an incompetent cervix, 7.4 percent died within the first year of life (Table M48).  Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, congenital malformations, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) were the three leading causes of infant deaths in 2001 (Table M49).

The fetal mortality rate and the number of fetal deaths increased from 2000 (Table M43).  As with infant deaths, plurality, low birth weight, short gestation, lack of prenatal care, unmarried mothers, and maternal smoking were each correlated with higher rates of fetal mortality (Table M50).  Fetal deaths were more prevalent than infant deaths among all age groups except the youngest (under 20) and the oldest (40-44) (Tables M47 and M50).  The fetal death rate among black non-Hispanics was nearly three times the rate for white and Asian and Pacific Islander non-Hispanics and twice the rate for Hispanics (Table M51).  Cord and placenta complications remained the leading cause of fetal deaths in 2001 (Table M52).

Technical Changes

The data in this report may differ from comparable data presented in pre-1999 reports in this series because of four major changes in the reporting and analysis of mortality data.  Nationwide, the classification of causes of death (ICD) changed in 1999 and a policy that the standard population used for age-adjustment be changed from the US 1940 population to the US 2000 projected population was also adopted in 1999.  In New Jersey, the underlying cause of death from the multiple cause of death (MCD) file compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) was used to produce the tables in this report as well as the 1999 and 2000 reports.  In pre-1999 reports, the underlying cause from the single cause of death (SCD) file compiled internally was used.  Additionally, previous reports of 1990-1999 mortality rates used population estimates based on the 1990 Census as denominators.  Rates in this report have been updated using intercensal population estimates, which are based on both the 1990 and 2000 Censuses.  Consequently, mortality rates for the 1990s will differ slightly from those presented in earlier reports.  Because of these four changes, assessment of trends in death data should be undertaken with caution.  Also, since Asian and Pacific Islander and Hispanic ethnicity reporting on death certificates in New Jersey and the rest of the country is known to be undermeasured, mortality data are presented separately for Asians and Pacific Islanders (Tables MA1-MA9) and for Hispanics (Tables MH1-MH9) in a supplemental section near the end of this chapter.  In Tables M1-M42, Asians and Pacific Islanders are included in the Other race group.  Since Hispanics can be of any race, Hispanic decedents are included in the race group indicated on their death certificates in Tables M1-M42.  For more detailed information on these changes, see New Jersey Health Statistics, 1999

The Technical Notes section contains information on sources of data, allocation of data by residence or occurrence, quality of data, racial and ethnic classification, definitions, rates and ratios, and cause of death rankings.

 



MORTALITY DATA TABLES

Table M1

Age-Adjusted Death Rate and Crude Death Rates by Age, Race, and Sex, 1991-2001

Table M2

Age-Adjusted Death Rates by Race and Sex

Table M3

Mortality by Detailed Race Groups

Table M4

Mortality by County of Residence

Table M5

Mortality by Race and County

Table M6

Mortality by Age and County

Table M7

Mortality in Selected Municipalities

Table M8

Mortality by Month and Day of the Week

Table M9

Place of Death, 1991-2001

Table M10

Place of Death for Leading Causes of Death

Table M11

Disposition of Decedents, 1991-2001

Table M12

Life Expectancy at Birth by Race and Sex

Table M13

Leading Causes of Death, 1994-2001

Table M14

Leading Causes of Death by Age Group

Table M15

Leading Causes of Death in 2000 Among Residents 1-4 Years Old, 1994-2001

Table M16

Leading Causes of Death in 2000 Among Residents 5-14 Years Old, 1994-2001

Table M17

Leading Causes of Death in 2000 Among Residents 15-24 Years Old, 1994-2001

Table M18

Leading Causes of Death in 2000 Among Residents 25-44 Years Old, 1994-2001

Table M19

Leading Causes of Death in 2000 Among Residents 45-64 Years Old, 1994-2001

Table M20

Leading Causes of Death in 2000 Among Residents 65 and Over, 1994-2001

Table M21

Leading Causes of Death by Sex

Table M22

Leading Causes of Death by Race

Table M23

Age-Adjusted Rates for Leading Causes of Death by County

Table M24

Cancer Mortality by Site, 1996 and 2001

Table M25

Cancer Mortality by Age and Site

Table M26

Cancer Mortality Among Males by Age and Site

Table M27

Cancer Mortality Among Females by Age and Site

Table M28

Cancer Mortality Among White Males by Age and Site

Table M29

Cancer Mortality Among White Females by Age and Site

Table M30

Cancer Mortality Among Black Males by Age and Site

Table M31

Cancer Mortality Among Black Females by Age and Site

Table M32

Firearm Mortality by Age, Race, Sex, and Intention

Table M33

Firearm Death Rates by Age, Race, Sex, and Intention

Table M34

Drug-Related Mortality by Age, Race, and Sex

Table M35

Alcohol-Related Mortality by Age, Race, and Sex

Table M36

Fatal Injuries at Work by Age and Sex

Table M37

Alcohol-Related, Drug-Related, and Injury Deaths by County

Table M38

Age-Adjusted Alcohol-Related, Drug-Related, and Injury Death Rates by County

Table M39

Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39A

White Male Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39B

White Female Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39C

Black Male Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39D

Black Female Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39E

Other Race Male Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39F

Other Race Female Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M40

Mortality by Detailed Cause of Death and Age Group

Table M41

Mortality by Cause Group and County

Table M42

Mortality by Detailed Cause of Death and County

Table M-H1

Crude and Age-Adjusted Hispanic Death Rates by Sex

Table M-H2

Reported Hispanic Mortality by Age Group and County

Table M-H3

Reported Hispanic Mortality by Country of Origin and Sex

Table M-H4

Reported Hispanic Unintentional Injury Mortality by Type and Sex

Table M-H5

Reported Hispanic Firearm, Drug, and Alcohol Mortality by Sex

Table M-H6

Reported Hispanic Male Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M-H7

Reported Hispanic Female Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M-H8

Reported Hispanic Male Cancer Mortality by Site and Age Group

Table M-H9

Reported Hispanic Female Cancer Mortality by Site and Age Group

Table M-A1

Crude and Age-Adjusted Asian/Pacific Islander Death Rates by Sex

Table M-A2

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Mortality by Age Group and County

Table M-A3

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Mortality by Country of Origin and Sex

Table M-A4

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Unintentional Injury Mortality by Type and Sex

Table M-A5

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Firearm, Drug, and Alcohol Mortality by Sex

Table M-A6

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Male Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M-A7

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Female Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M-A8

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Male Cancer Mortality by Site and Age Group

Table M-A9

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Female Cancer Mortality by Site and Age Group

Table M-S1

Terrorism Mortality by Age and Sex, September 11, 2001

Table M-S2

Terrorism Mortality by Race and Sex, September 11, 2001

Table M-S3

Terrorism Mortality by Hispanic Ethnicity and Sex, September 11, 2001

Table M-S4

Age-Adjusted Terrorism Death Rates by Race, Ethnicity, and Sex, September 11, 2001

Table M-S5

Terrorism Mortality by Marital Status and Sex, September 11, 2001

Table M-S6

Terrorism Mortality at Work by Place of Occurrence, September 11, 2001

Table M-S7

Terrorism Mortality by Date and Place of Occurrence, September 11, 2001

Table M-S8

Terrorism Mortality by County of Residence, September 11, 2001

Table M-S9

Terrorism Mortality by Birthplace, September 11, 2001

Table M43

Infant, Neonatal, Postneonatal, Fetal, and Maternal Mortality, 1991-2001

Table M44

Infant Mortality by Race/Ethnicity of Mother, 1991-2001

Table M45

Infant, Neonatal, Postneonatal, Fetal, and Maternal Mortality by County

Table M46

Infant, Neonatal, Postneonatal, and Fetal Mortality To Residents of Selected Municipalities

Table M47

Infant Mortality by Selected Characteristics and Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Table M48

Infant Mortality by Medical Risk Factors and Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Table M49

Leading Causes of Infant Mortality

Table M50

Fetal Mortality by Selected Characteristics and Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Table M51

Fetal Mortality by Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Table M52

Leading Causes of Fetal Mortality

Table A

ICD Codes and Comparability Ratios for Major Cause of Death Groups

Table B

ICD Codes and Comparability Ratios for 113 Selected Causes of Death

Table C

ICD Codes and Comparability Ratios for 130 Selected Causes of Infant Death

 

MORTALITY ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure M1

Crude and Age-Adjusted Death Rates, 1991-2001

Figure M2

Age-Adjusted Death Rates by Race and Sex

Figure M3

Age-Adjusted Death Rates from All Causes by County

Figure M4

Age-Specific Mortality Rates by County, Ages 25-44

Figure M5

Age-Specific Mortality Rates by County, Ages 45-64

Figure M6

Age-Specific Mortality Rates by County, Ages 65-84

Figure M7

Age-Specific Mortality Rates by County, Ages 85+

Figure M8

Life Expectancy by Race and Sex

Figure M9

Leading Causes of Death

Figure M10

Average Number of Deaths per Day by Cause

Figure M11

Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Leading Causes of Death, 1994 and 2001

Figure M12

Age-Adjusted Heart Disease Mortality Rates by County

Figure M13

Age-Adjusted Cancer Mortality Rates by County

Figure M14

Age-Adjusted Stroke Mortality Rates by County

Figure M15

Age-Adjusted Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality Rates by County

Figure M16

Age-Adjusted Diabetes Mortality Rates by County

Figure M17

Drug, Alcohol, and Firearm Age-Adjusted Death Rates by Race and Sex

Figure M18

Age-Adjusted Unintentional Injury Death Rates by County

View/download all death tables: Excel PDF

Return to Health Statistics 2001 Index

Go to 2000 Deaths

Go to NCHS for detailed ICD-10 information:

Deaths: Final Data for 1999

Comparability of Cause of Death Between ICD-9
and ICD-10: Preliminary Estimates

Go to Department of Labor State Data Center Web Site for demographic data (Census 2000 and 1990, annual population and household estimates), economic data, and data projections

Go to CDC's WISQARS query system for additional injury, leading cause of death, and YPLL data

Go to NCHS for detailed information on the classification of deaths resulting from terrorism


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