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New Jersey Health Statistics 1996

MORBIDITY
1996

Other Reportable Diseases

New Jersey laws require reporting of cases of specified communicable diseases to the Department of Health. One or more cases of 38 different communicable diseases were reported in 1996 (Table C15) (Division of Communicable Diseases, 1998c). Several of these reportable diseases had increases in their incidence and rates from 1995 levels. The number of giardiasis and campylobacteriosis cases each increased by more than 100 over the year. The number of Lyme disease cases continued to increase, to 2,190 reported cases in 1996, a 28.6 percent increase over 1995.

The total number of shigellosis cases reported in 1996 decreased substantially from 1995 levels, from 1,038 to 434. This represents a decrease of 58.2 percent. Reported cases of salmonella also declined with 154 fewer cases in 1996 than in 1995 (Table C6).

There was again a decrease in the number of measles cases in 1996, with only three cases reported (all indigenous). This represents the lowest number of reported cases for any year since 1916. Eighteen of New Jersey's counties reported no cases of measles in 1996 (Table C15).

Distribution of reported cases of communicable diseases and their rates are presented by county of residence in Tables C15 and C15A. Cases of reportable communicable diseases by age, month of onset and race/ethnicity can be found in Tables C16 through C18.

TABLE C6. REPORTED CASES AND RATES* OF SELECTED VACCINE-PREVENTABLE AND OTHER COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
NEW JERSEY, 1993-1996
DISEASE 1993 1994 1995 1996
NUMBER RATE NUMBER RATE NUMBER RATE NUMBER RATE
AMEBIASIS 16 0.2 25 0.3 22 0.3 41 0.5
CAMPYLOBACTERIOSIS 595 7.6 720 9.1 675 8.5 792 9.9
GIARDIASIS 615 7.8 634 8.0 711 8.9 908 11.4
HEPATITIS A 295 3.8 306 3.9 312 3.9 394 4.9
HEPATITIS B 407 5.2 410 5.2 368 4.6 279 3.5
LEGIONELLOSIS 33 0.4 49 0.6 33 0.4 15 0.2
LYME DISEASE 786 10.0 1,532 19.4 1,703 21.4 2,190 27.4
MEASLES (RUBEOLA) 12 0.2 175 2.2 8 0.1 3 0.0
MUMPS 18 0.2 13 0.2 21 0.3 4 0.1
SALMONELLA 1,209 15.4 1,160 14.7 1,734 21.8 1,580 19.8
SHIGELLOSIS 346 4.4 522 6.6 1,038 13.1 434 5.4
TYPHOID FEVER 18 0.2 25 0.3 27 0.3 40 0.5
YERSINIOSIS 43 0.5 45 0.6 34 0.4 28 0.4
*RATES ARE COMPUTED PER 100,000 POPULATION
SOURCE: NEW JERSEY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND SENIOR SERVICES DIVISION OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES


 
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Copyright © State of New Jersey, 1996-2004
Department of Health
P. O. Box 360
Trenton, NJ 08625-0360

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