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New Jersey Health Statistics 1996

MORTALITY
1996

TRENDS AND PATTERNS IN LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH

HIV INFECTION

HIV infection was the underlying cause of death of 1,786 New Jerseyans in 1996 (Table M12). Because of the sudden decrease in the number of deaths due to HIV infection in 1996, this cause has fallen from fifth leading cause in 1994 to the rank of eighth leading cause in 1996. After steadily increasing since 1988, the first year data are available from death records for HIV infection as a separate, identifiable cause group, the number of deaths and the total age-adjusted death rate from HIV infection decreased in 1996 to approximately their 1990 levels. About 70 percent of the HIV infection deaths occurred in persons 25 through 44 years of age (69.8%). Though the death rate in this age group is 33.2 percent higher than the 1988 level, it is 2.0 percent lower than the 1990 level. HIV infection was the leading cause of death for residents 25 through 44 in 1996, as it has been every year since 1988. The age group with the second highest death rate from HIV infection is persons aged 45 through 64. HIV infection ranked fifth as a leading cause of death in 1996 in this age group; the death rate from HIV infection among this age group was 109.1 percent higher in 1996 than in 1988. The following age groups had lower death rates in 1996 than in 1988: those under five, 15 through 24 year olds, and those 85 and over. All other age groups showed rate increases, most notably among those aged 5 through 14 (though the small numbers make it difficult to draw conclusions) and those aged 45 through 64.

TABLE M12. RESIDENT DEATHS AND DEATH RATES FROM
HIV INFECTION BY AGE GROUP
NEW JERSEY, 1988 AND 1996
AGE GROUP 1996 1987 PERCENT
CHANGE IN
DEATH RATE
1987-1996
NUMBER OF DEATHS DEATH RATE* NUMBER OF DEATHS DEATH RATE*
UNDER 5 12 2.1 24 4.5 -53.5
5-14 17 1.5 3 0.3 402.3
15-24 10 1.0 28 2.5 -58.5
25-44 1,246 48.9 919 36.7 33.2
45-64 461 27.3 204 13.1 109.1
65-84 36 3.7 30 3.3 11.7
85 AND OVER 2 1.7 2 2.2 -24.1
NOT STATED 2 N/A 2 N/A N/A
TOTAL 1,786 20.3 1,212 14.9 36.2
*DEATH RATES ARE COMPUTED PER 100,000 AGE-SPECIFIC POPULATION
RATES PRESENTED FOR THE TOTAL POPULATION ARE AGE-ADJUSTED


 
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Department of Health
P. O. Box 360
Trenton, NJ 08625-0360

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