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New Jersey Health Statistics 1996

MORTALITY
1996

TRENDS AND PATTERNS IN LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH

PNEUMONIA AND INFLUENZA

The cause group, pneumonia and influenza, was the fifth leading cause of death of New Jersey residents in 1996, accounting for 2,500 deaths (Table M8). Deaths from this cause group are concentrated in the population aged 65 and over, which accounted for 88.6 percent of these deaths in 1996. The largest decreases in the death rate over the past ten years occurred in the 15 through 24 age group (a 40.5% decrease) and in the 25 through 44 age group (a 35.8% decrease). Relatively high rates of deaths from pneumonia and influenza in the elderly population continue despite the existence of effective influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia vaccines for use in older adults. Deaths from pneumonia and influenza are directly related to the number and severity of influenza epidemics in any year. Influenza epidemics usually increase deaths from a number of causes, e.g., diseases of the heart, COPD, and pneumonia, especially among the more vulnerable segments of the population.

TABLE M8. RESIDENT DEATHS AND DEATH RATES FROM
PNEUMONIA/INFLUENZA BY AGE GROUP
NEW JERSEY, 1987 AND 1996
AGE GROUP 1996 1987 PERCENT
CHANGE IN
DEATH RATE
1987-1996
NUMBER OF DEATHS DEATH RATE* NUMBER OF DEATHS DEATH RATE*
UNDER 5 28 4.9 24 4.6 7.2
5-14 2 0.2 2 0.2 -11.3
15-24 5 0.5 10 0.9 -40.5
25-44 67 2.6 101 4.1 -35.8
45-64 184 10.9 187 12.0 -9.5
65-84 1,123 114.5 956 106.3 7.7
85 AND OVER 1,091 919.6 853 965.8 -4.8
TOTAL 2,500 12.3 2,133 12.9 -4.7
*DEATH RATES ARE COMPUTED PER 100,000 AGE-SPECIFIC POPULATION
RATES PRESENTED FOR THE TOTAL POPULATION ARE AGE-ADJUSTED


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Department of Health
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Trenton, NJ 08625-0360

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