Prevent, Detect and Control Cancer
female breast cancer death rate has declined since 1985 and in 1997
was below the year 2000 target. If current trends continue, it is likely
that the year 2000 objective will be met. The death rate for females
50 through 64 years old met the year 2000 target in 1994 through 1997
and while the death rate for females 65 and over has remained above
the target since 1985, it appears to be approaching the year 2000 target
quickly enough to meet the objective level.
the average time span for development of lung cancer is lengthy (generally
more than a decade), health objectives for this condition for the year
2000 were directed toward slowing the rate of increase in the death
rate. Although the lung cancer death rate for minority males continues
to be substantially higher than the total rate, the trend in the minority
male rate has been dramatically downward and the gap has narrowed. The
year 2000 objective has been met for this subgroup. The total lung cancer
death rate has remained basically unchanged during recent years, but
still has met the year 2000 objective for the entire period by not increasing.
death rates from colorectal cancer have steadily declined in recent
years. The original year 2000 objective for this condition was met very
early in the decade. This led to a downward revision in the target in
order to promote further decrease in the death rate. The year 2000 target
was achieved in 1997 and, given the downward trend, it appears that
the rate will remain below the target for the balance of the decade.
country as a whole, cervical cancer deaths declined dramatically throughout
the 1970s and 1980s. This decline is thought to be due primarily to
the widespread use of the Pap test for early detection of cervical cancer
(U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, 1990). Although the state
has also experienced a decline in cervical cancer mortality since the
early 1970s, the death rate appears to have basically stabilized since
1985 in the total, minority and elderly populations. Though death rates
from this cause remain higher in minority women than in the total population,
the gap is narrowing. In the elderly population, however, death rates
remain substantially higher than in either total or minority women.
It appears unlikely that the year 2000 objective will be met by the
population 65 and over and uncertain that it will be met by the total
and minority populations.
to Health Statistics 1997
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