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NJ Health Statistics
1997

Morbidity
Communicable Diseases
Other Reportable Diseases

New Jersey laws require reporting of cases of specified communicable diseases to the Department of Health. One or more cases of 39 different communicable diseases were reported in 1997 (Table C15 and C18) (Communicable Disease Service, 1999c). Several of these reportable diseases had decreases in their incidence and rates from 1996 levels. The number of campylobacteriosis and Lyme disease cases each decreased by more than 100 during the year.

The total number of shigellosis cases reported in 1997 increased from 1996 levels, from 434 to 625, after experiencing a sharp decline between 1995 and 1996. Reported cases of legionellosis also increased by 15 cases in 1997 to double the number reported in 1996 (Table C6).

Hepatitis cases and rates are presented in Table C14 for 1988 through 1997. Vaccine-preventable diseases are displayed by county in Table C15, by age in Table C16, and by month of onset in Table C17.

Distribution of other reported cases of communicable diseases and their rates are presented by county of residence in Tables C18 and C19. Cases of reportable communicable diseases by age and month of onset can be found in Tables C20 and C21.

TABLE C6. REPORTED CASES AND RATES* OF SELECTED VACCINE-PREVENTABLE
AND OTHER COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
NEW JERSEY, 1993-1997
DISEASE 1994 1995 1996 1997
NUMBER RATE NUMBER RATE NUMBER RATE NUMBER RATE
AMEBIASIS 25 0.3 22 0.3 41 0.5 59 0.7
CAMPYLOBACTERIOSIS 720 9.1 675 8.5 792 9.9 544 6.8
GIARDIASIS 634 8.0 711 8.9 908 11.4 894 11.1
HEPATITIS A 306 3.9 312 3.9 394 4.9 316 3.9
HEPATITIS B 410 5.2 368 4.6 279 3.5 249 3.1
LEGIONELLOSIS 49 0.6 33 0.4 15 0.2 30 0.4
LYME DISEASE 1,532 19.4 1,703 21.4 2,190 27.4 2,041 25.3
MEASLES (RUBEOLA) 175 2.2 8 0.1 3 0.0 3 0.0
MUMPS 13 0.2 21 0.3 4 0.1 8 0.1
SALMONELLA 1,160 14.7 1,734 21.8 1,580 19.8 1,501 18.6
SHIGELLOSIS 522 6.6 1,038 13.1 434 5.4 625 7.8
TYPHOID FEVER 25 0.3 27 0.3 40 0.5 29 0.4
YERSINIOSIS 45 0.6 34 0.4 28 0.4 15 0.2
*RATES ARE COMPUTED PER 100,000 POPULATIONSOURCE: NEW JERSEY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND SENIOR SERVICESCOMMUNICABLE DISEASE SERVICE


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Department of Health
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