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New Jersey Health Statistics
1998

TABLE N47. COMPLICATIONS OF LABOR AND DELIVERY BY AGE AND RACE/ETHNICITY OF MOTHER
NEW JERSEY, 1998
RACE/ETHNICITY AND COMPLICATIONS TOTAL PERCENTAGES BY AGE GROUP
NO. % 10-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-59
WHITE NON-HISPANIC                
None 27,207 42.7 43.2 42.3 43.3 42.6 43.0 39.3
Febrile (>100 F or 38C) 1,313 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.6 2.0 1.4 1.3
Meconium, Moderate/Heavy 4,018 6.3 8.3 7.0 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.5
Premature Rupture of Membrane (>12 hours) 1,171 1.8 1.7 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.8
Abruptio Placenta 390 0.6 ** 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 **
Placenta Previa 271 0.4 ** ** 0.2 0.5 0.7 **
Other Excessive Bleeding 1,169 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 2.1 2.4
Precipitous Labor (<3 hours) 3,029 4.8 3.2 4.8 4.0 5.0 5.4 5.4
Prolonged Labor (>20 hours) 947 1.5 2.6 2.3 1.6 1.4 1.0 1.3
Dysfunctional Labor 830 1.3 ** 1.3 26.1 1.3 1.3 1.8
Breech/Malpresentation 2,997 4.7 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.7 5.7 6.8
Cephalopelvic Disproportion 1,322 2.1 1.7 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.8
Cord Prolapse 148 0.2 ** ** 0.2 0.3 0.2 **
Fetal Distress 3,710 5.8 4.9 5.9 6.0 5.6 6.1 6.7
Other Complication 22,000 34.6 36.1 35.7 34.5 34.7 33.7 33.2
BLACK NON-HISPANIC                
None 7,875 41.6 43.0 43.7 41.6 39.8 38.6 34.9
Febrile (>100 F or 38C) 405 2.1 2.4 2.0 2.5 1.8 2.0 **
Meconium, Moderate/Heavy 1,961 10.4 10.7 10.7 9.9 10.2 10.3 11.3
Premature Rupture of Membrane (>12 hours) 467 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.3 **
Abruptio Placenta 188 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.4 **
Placenta Previa 87 0.5 ** ** 0.6 0.5 1.2 **
Other Excessive Bleeding 425 2.2 1.5 2.0 2.3 2.3 3.7 **
Precipitous Labor (<3 hours) 963 5.1 3.6 4.9 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.0
Prolonged Labor (>20 hours) 421 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.0 2.0 1.4 **
Dysfunctional Labor 267 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.7 ** **
Breech/Malpresentation 715 3.8 2.5 2.7 4.2 4.6 5.7 5.5
Cephalopelvic Disproportion 297 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.6 **
Cord Prolapse 50 0.3 ** ** ** ** ** **
Fetal Distress 1,448 7.6 7.0 7.2 7.6 8.5 8.3 9.0
Other Complication 6,470 34.2 36.1 33.4 33.7 33.9 36.5 33.4
HISPANIC                
None 9,449 46.9 45.3 47.3 48.2 46.4 46.3 45.0
Febrile (>100 F or 38C) 442 2.2 2.9 2.5 2.1 1.7 1.7 **
Meconium, Moderate/Heavy 1,479 7.3 8.2 7.4 7.1 7.2 7.3 5.4
Premature Rupture of Membrane (>12 hours) 316 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.2 **
Abruptio Placenta 110 0.5 ** 0.4 0.6 0.8 ** **
Placenta Previa 91 0.5 ** ** 0.5 0.6 1.2 **
Other Excessive Bleeding 319 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.9 1.8 **
Precipitous Labor (<3 hours) 823 4.1 3.0 4.3 4.7 3.8 4.1 **
Prolonged Labor (>20 hours) 524 2.6 4.0 3.1 2.1 2.1 1.5 **
Dysfunctional Labor 236 1.2 1.5 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.2 **
Breech/Malpresentation 841 4.2 3.1 3.7 4.3 4.3 6.3 6.8
Cephalopelvic Disproportion 456 2.3 1.9 2.2 2.6 2.3 1.9 **
Cord Prolapse 49 0.2 ** ** ** ** ** **
Fetal Distress 1,040 5.2 5.0 4.7 4.8 6.1 5.4 7.3
Other Complication 6,739 33.5 35.7 33.5 32.8 33.4 33.1 27.4
** Number is too small to calculate a reliable rate.                
ASIAN/PACIFIC ISLANDER NON-HISPANIC                
None 3,311 44.8 46.3 46.7 44.1 46.3 42.8 39.9
Febrile (>100 F or 38C) 234 3.2 ** 3.6 3.6 2.9 2.7 **
Meconium, Moderate/Heavy 446 6.0 ** 7.5 6.1 5.2 6.2 **
Premature Rupture of Membrane (>12 hours) 108 1.5 ** ** 1.4 1.1 2.2 **
Abruptio Placenta 41 0.6 ** ** ** ** ** **
Placenta Previa 38 0.5 ** ** ** ** ** **
Other Excessive Bleeding 104 1.4 ** ** 1.5 1.2 1.8 **
Precipitous Labor (<3 hours) 272 3.7 ** 3.7 3.0 3.5 5.5 **
Prolonged Labor (>20 hours) 143 1.9 ** 2.8 1.7 2.2 1.7 **
Dysfunctional Labor 88 1.2 ** ** 1.2 1.4 ** **
Breech/Malpresentation 322 4.4 ** 3.7 3.8 4.1 5.0 11.3
Cephalopelvic Disproportion 170 2.3 ** ** 2.7 2.2 2.3 **
Cord Prolapse 20 0.3 ** ** ** ** ** **
Fetal Distress 464 6.3 ** 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.0 **
Other Complication 2,478 33.5 30.5 31.2 35.1 31.8 35.4 35.9
TOTAL                
None 48,314 42.4 43.8 43.9 43.3 41.8 41.3 37.5
Febrile (>100 F or 38C) 2,416 2.1 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.3
Meconium, Moderate/Heavy 8,001 7.0 9.3 8.1 6.9 6.5 6.3 6.7
Premature Rupture of Membrane (>12 hours) 2,082 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.9
Abruptio Placenta 742 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.0
Placenta Previa 493 0.4 ** 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.8
Other Excessive Bleeding 2,037 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.7 2.1 2.4
Precipitous Labor (<3 hours) 5,134 4.5 3.3 4.5 4.3 4.7 5.1 4.9
Prolonged Labor (>20 hours) 2,051 1.8 3.1 2.6 1.7 1.6 1.1 1.3
Dysfunctional Labor 1,434 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.5
Breech/Malpresentation 4,915 4.3 2.9 3.3 4.1 4.5 5.5 6.7
Cephalopelvic Disproportion 2,264 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7
Cord Prolapse 270 0.2 ** 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 **
Fetal Distress 6,736 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.8 6.1 6.7
Other Complication 38,073 33.4 35.8 33.8 33.5 33.3 32.6 31.3
Total by race/ethnicity and total by age includes race/ethnicity not stated and/or age not stated.
Percentages are computed per 100 age/race/ethnicity-specific births.
** Number is too small to calculate a reliable rate.
Other Complication includes lacerations with or without hemorrhage, cord complications, non-reassuring fetal heart pattern, arrested progress, preterm and other rupture of membranes, shoulder dystocia, preterm labor, uterine atony, intrapartum infection, light meconium, macrosomia, retained placenta, and other complications.


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