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New Jersey Health Statistics
1999

TABLE N48. COMPLICATIONS OF LABOR AND DELIVERY
BY AGE AND RACE/ETHNICITY OF MOTHER
        
NEW JERSEY, 1999
        
RACE/ETHNICITY AND COMPLICATIONS TOTAL PERCENTAGES BY AGE GROUP
NO. % 10-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40+
WHITE NON-HISPANIC
None 27,663 44.3 45.5 45.1 44.0 44.5 44.5 41.6
Febrile (>100 F or 38C) 1,230 2.0 2.4 2.1 2.4 2.0 1.3 1.5
Meconium, Moderate/Heavy 3,775 6.1 6.7 6.9 6.2 5.6 6.3 5.9
Premature Rupture of Membrane (>12 hours) 1,059 1.7 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.5 1.6 1.5
Abruptio Placenta 383 0.6 ** 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.9
Placenta Previa 271 0.4 ** ** 0.2 0.5 0.7 1.1
Other Excessive Bleeding 1,211 1.9 1.5 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.9 3.0
Seizures 19 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Precipitous Labor (<3 hours) 2,745 4.4 3.2 4.9 4.0 4.3 4.9 4.9
Prolonged Labor (>20 hours) 1,001 1.6 3.3 2.2 1.9 1.4 1.1 1.2
Dysfunctional Labor 782 1.3 ** 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.7
Breech/Malpresentation 3,108 5.0 4.0 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.9 6.6
Cephalopelvic Disproportion 1,153 1.8 1.3 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.7
Cord Prolapse 143 0.2 ** ** 0.2 0.2 0.2 **
Anesthetic Complications 34 0.1 ** ** ** ** ** **
Fetal Distress 3,626 5.8 5.9 5.0 5.7 5.8 6.1 7.3
Other Complication 22,878 36.7 36.6 37.2 37.5 36.7 35.5 36.3
BLACK NON-HISPANIC
None 8,092 43.4 44.9 44.7 44.7 41.3 39.4 41.8
Febrile (>100 F or 38C) 390 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.3 1.3 **
Meconium, Moderate/Heavy 1,938 10.4 10.3 10.5 10.7 10.5 9.5 10.4
Premature Rupture of Membrane (>12 hours) 416 2.2 1.9 2.4 2.0 2.5 2.0 4.3
Abruptio Placenta 170 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.4 **
Placenta Previa 79 0.4 ** ** 0.5 0.6 ** **
Other Excessive Bleeding 472 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.5 2.5 3.8 **
Seizures 13 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Precipitous Labor (<3 hours) 897 4.8 3.3 4.6 4.7 5.9 6.1 5.5
Prolonged Labor (>20 hours) 397 2.1 2.5 1.8 2.4 1.9 2.0 **
Dysfunctional Labor 251 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.6 **
Breech/Malpresentation 737 4.0 3.2 2.9 3.8 4.9 5.7 6.6
Cephalopelvic Disproportion 264 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.4 **
Cord Prolapse 60 0.3 ** ** ** ** ** **
Anesthetic Complications 15 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Fetal Distress 1,686 9.0 7.9 8.2 9.3 9.6 11.0 11.5
Other Complication 6,553 35.2 35.8 35.7 34.1 34.8 36.6 33.0
HISPANIC
None 10,299 49.0 48.4 49.5 49.9 48.7 48.3 42.8
Febrile (>100 F or 38C) 380 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.5 1.5 **
Meconium, Moderate/Heavy 1,534 7.3 7.9 7.9 6.9 6.5 7.4 6.8
Premature Rupture of Membrane (>12 hours) 325 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.8 **
Abruptio Placenta 136 0.6 ** 0.5 0.7 0.8 ** **
Placenta Previa 95 0.5 ** ** 0.4 0.7 ** **
Other Excessive Bleeding 383 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.4 1.9 2.5 **
Seizures 14 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Precipitous Labor (<3 hours) 779 3.7 3.2 3.3 3.6 4.4 4.5 5.0
Prolonged Labor (>20 hours) 527 2.5 3.5 2.8 2.3 2.2 1.8 **
Dysfunctional Labor 218 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.3 **
Breech/Malpresentation 852 4.1 3.6 3.3 3.8 4.7 5.4 8.1
Cephalopelvic Disproportion 401 1.9 1.4 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.6 **
Cord Prolapse 48 0.2 ** ** ** ** ** **
Anesthetic Complications 6 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Fetal Distress 1,149 5.5 4.6 5.3 5.7 5.4 6.3 8.1
Other Complication 7,112 33.9 34.4 34.4 33.4 34.0 31.7 37.3
ASIAN/PACIFIC ISLANDER NON-HISPANIC
None 3,582 45.9 63.0 52.7 44.7 45.2 44.5 44.2
Febrile (>100 F or 38C) 233 3.0 ** 3.5 3.4 3.0 2.3 **
Meconium, Moderate/Heavy 517 6.6 ** 5.8 7.4 6.1 6.4 **
Premature Rupture of Membrane (>12 hours) 116 1.5 ** ** 1.6 1.6 ** **
Abruptio Placenta 34 0.4 ** ** ** ** ** **
Placenta Previa 64 0.8 ** ** ** 0.8 1.7 **
Other Excessive Bleeding 147 1.9 ** ** 2.0 1.7 2.6 **
Seizures 5 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Precipitous Labor (<3 hours) 270 3.5 ** ** 3.2 3.6 4.3 **
Prolonged Labor (>20 hours) 115 1.5 ** ** 1.6 1.6 ** **
Dysfunctional Labor 73 0.9 ** ** 1.0 1.1 ** **
Breech/Malpresentation 335 4.3 ** ** 4.3 4.4 5.3 **
Cephalopelvic Disproportion 146 1.9 ** ** 2.1 2.1 1.6 **
Cord Prolapse 15 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Anesthetic Complications 2 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Fetal Distress 512 6.6 ** 5.6 6.6 6.3 7.4 **
Other Complication 2,839 36.4 25.0 33.8 38.0 36.5 35.3 35.8
TOTAL
None 50,198 44.1 46.4 46.3 44.5 43.3 42.7 39.9
Febrile (>100 F or 38C) 2,264 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.0 1.4 1.4
Meconium, Moderate/Heavy 7,860 6.9 8.5 8.1 7.0 6.1 6.5 6.3
Premature Rupture of Membrane (>12 hours) 1,939 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6 2.0
Abruptio Placenta 734 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.0
Placenta Previa 515 0.5 ** 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.1
Other Excessive Bleeding 2,234 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.8
Seizures 52 0.0 ** ** ** ** ** **
Precipitous Labor (<3 hours) 4,740 4.2 3.2 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.8 4.7
Prolonged Labor (>20 hours) 2,062 1.8 3.0 2.2 2.0 1.5 1.2 1.4
Dysfunctional Labor 1,338 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4
Breech/Malpresentation 5,080 4.5 3.5 3.3 4.1 4.7 5.6 6.5
Cephalopelvic Disproportion 1,978 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.4
Cord Prolapse 267 0.2 ** 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 **
Anesthetic Complications 57 0.1 ** ** ** ** ** **
Fetal Distress 7,043 6.2 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.0 6.5 7.6
Other Complication 39,811 35.0 35.3 35.3 35.4 35.1 34.0 34.1
Total by race/ethnicity and total by age includes race/ethnicity not stated and/or age not stated.        
Percentages are computed per 100 age/race/ethnicity-specific births.        
** Number is too small to calculate a reliable rate.        
Other Complication includes lacerations with or without hemorrhage, cord complications, non-reassuring fetal heart pattern, arrested progress, preterm and other rupture of membranes, shoulder dystocia, preterm labor, uterine atony, intrapartum infection, light meconium, macrosomia, retained placenta, and other complications.        


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