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PO Box 360
Trenton, NJ 08625-0360
|Clifton R. Lacy, M.D. |
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This comprehensive plan is designed to protect the people of
According to a search of state health department websites,
In October 2003, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed a draft national SARS preparedness and response plan and encouraged all states and territories to develop their own plans.
New Jersey’s plan was developed in collaboration with hospitals and other public health partners, organizations that are crucial for the successful implementation of the plan. It identifies the resources that are available to the public health community and outlines the procedures to be followed to protect the pubic health in the event of an outbreak of SARS.
“With this plan, New Jersey is once again a national leader in public health preparedness,’’ said Clifton R. Lacy, M.D.,
“The lessons we learned from last spring’s outbreak were invaluable in preparing
Universal Respiratory Precautions involve the use of tissues or surgical masks to contain coughs and sneezes and frequent hand washing with soap and water. Public health care professionals should wear eye protection and contact precautions, such as gown and gloves, when seeing patients with respiratory symptoms.
The plan also addresses preventing the transmission of SARS using isolation and quarantine. Isolation is the act of separating ill persons from healthy persons and restricting their movements to stop the spread of illness. People in isolation may be cared for in their homes, in hospitals, or at designated health care facilities.
Quarantine applies to people who have been exposed and may be infected but are not yet ill. Separating exposed people from the public is intended to stop the spread of that illness.
SARS is a contagious, lower respiratory tract illness that begins as an influenza-like illness, with symptoms including rapid onset of high fever, muscle aches, headache, sore throat, dry cough and shortness of breath. X-rays generally show pneumonia and/or respiratory distress syndrome. Many affected individuals have experienced respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation.
There is currently no cure or preventive therapy for SARS. The CDC recommends that SARS patients receive the same supportive treatment that would be used for any patient with serious community-acquired atypical pneumonia.
The world’s first SARS outbreak began in
For more information on SARS, visit the DHSS website at www.state.nj.us/health,
Department of Health
P. O. Box 360, Trenton, NJ 08625-0360