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PO Box 360
Trenton, NJ 08625-0360
|Clifton R. Lacy, M.D. |
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“Like last year, the heavy rain this spring created conditions conducive to breeding of mosquitoes which can transmit
Residents should clean or remove any items on their personal property that collect rain or sprinkler water such as clogged gutters, flowerpots, or old car tires which can serve as a breeding ground for mosquitoes. New Jerseyans should change water in birdbaths at least once a week and repair damaged window and door screens as early in the mosquito season as possible.
Residents that have unwanted tires should contact their local public works or health departments, many of which offer assistance with proper disposal.
Insect repellent containing DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) should be applied to clothing and exposed skin in accordance with labeling directions. Long sleeved shirts, socks and pants should be worn when outdoors. Whenever possible, light colored clothing should be worn outside and outdoor activities should be limited at dawn, dusk and during the evening when mosquitoes are most active.
“Although it is early in the season to have people ill with West Nile virus infection, we have already begun our testing of crows and mosquitoes for the presence of the virus in New Jersey,” said Eddy Bresnitz, M.D., State Epidemiologist and Senior Assistant Commissioner.
Dead birds may be a indication that these viruses are being transmitted between mosquitoes and birds in regions of the state. By reporting dead birds to state and local health departments, residents play an important role in WNV and EEE monitoring.
WNV has been present in the
While WNV is more prevalent in
Both WNV and EEE are transmitted through the bite of a mosquito that has acquired up the virus by feeding on an infected bird. Neither virus can be directly transmitted from birds to humans or from person to person. In the case of EEE, horses can also become infected and die.
The CDC reports that, as of
Most cases of WNV infection involve either no symptoms or mild, flu-like symptoms. However, one out of 150 infected individuals will develop severe neurological disease, The elderly are at increased risk for severe disease.
Cases of EEE range from mild flu-like symptoms to encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), coma, and death. The CDC estimates the EEE fatality rate at 35 percent and that 35 percent of those who survive EEE will have mild to severe neurological deficits.
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Department of Health
P. O. Box 360, Trenton, NJ 08625-0360