NJOEM's Winter Weather Awareness Week:
Winter Safety at Home
(TRENTON, NJ) – Colonel Rick Fuentes, Superintendent of New Jersey
State Police and Director of the New Jersey Office of Emergency Management,
is celebrating Winter Weather Awareness Week, ending today.
Each day this week brought a new message for family preparedness during
the winter months.
Today's message: Winter Safety at Home.
Winterize Your Home
Follow these steps to protect your home and ease your heating bills
- Have your heating system checked by a professional once a
year. This will ensure it is working safely and efficiently, and will
help save you money. If you heat by wood, clean your fireplace or
stove and have your flue checked for any buildup of creosote.
- Make sure your home is properly insulated. If necessary,
insulate walls and attics. This will help conserve energy reduce your
home's power demands for heat.
- Caulk doors and windows to keep cold air out.
- Install storm windows, or cover windows with plastic from
the inside. This will provide an extra layer of insulation and help
keep cold air out.
- To protect pipes from freezing:
- Wrap pipes in insulation or layers of old newspapers. Cover
the newspapers with plastic to keep out moisture.
- Let faucets drip a little, continuously.
- Know how to shut off your water valves. Keep a wrench near
- You can find more information in the American Red Cross document
"Preventing and Thawing Frozen Pipes," available online at http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/0,1082,0_579_,00.html.
- Inspect and flush your water heater.
- Clean gutters. Leaves and other debris will hamper drainage.
- Replace batteries for smoke and carbon monoxide detectors.
If you did not do this when you set the clocks back, do it now.
- Create a place where your animals can be comfortable in severe
winter weather. Make sure any outbuilding that houses or shelters
animals can withstand wind, heavy snow and ice.
- Bring pets indoors. Horses and livestock should have a shelter
protected from wind, snow, ice and rain. Grazing animals need
access to a protected supply of food and non-frozen water.
- Make sure your animals have access to high ground in case you
do not have time to relocate them during a flood.
- Be aware of the potential for flooding when snow and ice
- Consider purchasing flood insurance. Homeowners' policies
do not cover damage from floods. Ask your insurance agent about
the National Flood Insurance Program, or visit http://www.fema.gov/nfip/
if you are at risk.
Clearing Your Roof
Clearing snow or other debris from your roof is a dangerous task. Always
think about safety first. If possible, do not attempt to clear the roof
alone. If the job is too big, hire help.
When clearing the roof use common sense and the following guidelines:
- When possible use long-handled rakes or poles.
- If you must use a ladder, make sure the base is securely anchored.
Ask someone to hold the ladder while you climb.
- Know where the snow is going to fall before clearing the area.
- Make sure you do not touch electrical wires.
Disabilities or Special Needs
Emergency preparedness information for individuals with physical, visual,
auditory or cognitive disabilities can be found at this American Red
Cross website: http://www.prepare.org/disabilities/disabilitiesprep.htm:
- These guidelines will help you create a personal needs assessment;
keep emergency medical information handy in case you are unable to
speak; and create a plan that will ensure your specific needs are
met during an emergency.
- Make sure your personal assistant, friends or relatives know your
plans. Guidelines on creating your Emergency Supply Kit and Emergency
Action Plan can be found at the bottom of this page, under "General
- Be sure to register with your local Office of Emergency Management
and Police Department, to make them aware of the assistance you may
need during an emergency.
For all New Jersey residents, if you have a neighbor who is elderly
or who depends on equipment such as a ventilator, respirator or oxygen
concentrator, you should plan with them to make sure their needs will
be met during a severe winter storm:
- Help your neighbor stock an Emergency Supply Kit as described below,
under "General Emergency Preparedness."
- Check on them after a storm or power outage.
- Make sure they are registered as a special needs customer with their
utility, to ensure they will become a priority customer during blackouts
- Make sure they are registered as a special needs individual with
the local Office of Emergency Management and Police Department.
- Notify others who could help such as neighbors, relatives and nearby
- Have a list of emergency numbers readily available.
- Have a standby generator or an alternate source of power available.
Always be aware of the safety rules for its use.
General Emergency Preparedness
For New Jersey residents, the basics of preparedness for nor'easters
and winter flooding are virtually the same as preparedness for all hazards,
natural or manmade:
- FIRST: Arm yourself and your family members with an Emergency
Supply Kit and an Emergency Action Plan.
- Your Emergency Supply Kit should include a blanket, a battery-powered
radio, a first aid kit, one week's prescription medications, personal
toiletries, infant care items, three days' worth of non-perishable
food and water (one gallon of water per person per day), a can opener,
and cash or travelers checks. For more, visit the American Red Cross
- Your Emergency Action Plan should include an out-of-town
contact your family members will call or email to check on each
other, a predetermined meeting place away from your home, and specific
plans for individuals with special needs or disabilities. For more,
visit the American Red Cross website: www.redcross.org/static/file_cont36_lang0_23.pdf.
- NEXT: Pay attention to weather media and your local radio
or television stations for weather updates and for official
instructions from Public Safety Officials.
- If you live in an area prone to flooding: Know your evacuation
route. You can find maps of New Jersey's coastal evacuation routes
at the New Jersey Office of Emergency Management's website, www.state.nj.us/njoem.
In all areas, call local Emergency Management officials or Police
Department for details on your evacuation plan.
Further information on all-hazards preparedness for families can be
found at the New Jersey Office of Emergency Management's website, www.state.nj.us/njoem.
Similar information can be found in "Plain Talk on Terrorism Preparedness,"
available from the New Jersey Domestic Security Preparedness Task Force
and in "Ready Together New Jersey," from the New Jersey Department of
Health and Senior Services, at http://www.njhomelandsecurity.com/ready-together-brochure.html.