or perceived threats of serious harm to or physical
constraints against any person; a scheme intended
to cause a person to believe that failure to
perform will result in serious harm to or physical
restraint against any person.
victims who lack legal status and are assisting
law enforcement as potential witnesses to remain
in the country for the course of criminal investigation.
Through continued presence, victims can receive
temporary immigration relief.
or condition of a debtor arising from a pledge
by the debtor of his or her personal services
or of those of a person under his or her control
as a security for debt, if the value of those
services as reasonably assessed is not applied
toward the liquidation of the debt or the length
and nature of those services are not respectively
limited and defined.
whom have continued presence are eligible to
apply for an Employment Authorization Document
(EAD) that proves that the victim is legally
employable in the United States. One type of
temporary relieve a victim can receive offer
issued continued presence.
Refers to any federal law enforcement
agency that has the responsibility and authority
for the detection, investigation, or prosecution
of severe forms of trafficking in persons. Qualified
LEAs include, but are not limited to, the offices
of the Department of Justice, United States
Attorney, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI),
United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
(USCIS), United States Immigration and Customs
Enforcement (USICE), United States Marshal Service,
and the Diplomatic Security Service of the Department
of State. Certification of a person as a "trafficking
victim" by a LEA is required by the TVPA
before a trafficking victim can apply for the
someone to illegally cross country borders,
often without identification or papers, for
financial or material benefit. Smuggling ends
with the arrival of the migrants at their destination,
whereas trafficking involves the ongoing exploitation
of the victims in some manner to generate illicit
profits for the traffickers.
use of force, fraud or coercion to bring a person
into conditions of extreme exploitation. Trafficking
can occur within a country or across international
borders and does not have to involve movement.
It is a form of modern-day slavery. The definition
of human trafficking that the TVPA provides
refers to severe forms of trafficking.
a person to work through threats, harm, physical
abuse, restraint or legal retaliation.
Holding someone against his or her
will to pay off a debt.
Temporary Visa for which certified
trafficking victims can apply. T-Visa holders
can apply for permanent residency offer 3 years.
Federal U.S. legislation passed in
2000 that emphasizes the prevention of trafficking,
protection of victims and the prosecution of
the major provisions of the 7VPRA, it eliminates
the requirement that a victim of trafficking
between the ages of 15 and 18 must cooperate
with the investigation and prosecution of his
or her trafficker in order to be eligible for
a T-visa; and it allows for siblings of trafficked
persons to apply for a T-visa.