History of The New Jersey State Museum
In 1895, the New Jersey State Legislature formally established the New Jersey State Museum in the capital city of Trenton with a mission to collect and exhibit specimens in natural history, archaeology, and industrial history. Original collections included natural history specimens amassed in the 19th century. Between 1900 and 1912, the State Museum strengthened its archaeology focus by initiating a field research program.
It adopted a statewide Education Extension Service in 1914 that lent models, lantern slides, and specimens to schools throughout the state. In 1929 expanded space in the newly-constructed State House Annex permitted extensive exhibitions of the natural history and New Jersey prehistory collections. Decorative arts became a third collection field at this time when the State Museum expanded its focus beyond industrial history to include the manufacture of ceramics.
The ethnographic collection was initiated in 1932 when the State Museum purchased part of an exhibition of North American Indian art. The collection was strengthened in the 1940s when noted anthropologist Frank Speck made field collections for the State Museum among the Delaware Indians of Oklahoma and Canada.
Exhibitions of these artifacts attracted the interest of New Jersey residents whose donations from private collections built the collection in the ensuing years. Growing interest in education and culture in the late 1950s resulted in the construction of a modern cultural complex near the State House that opened in 1965 and included a four-level Museum building, an adjoining planetarium, and an adjacent auditorium. At that time, fine art became the Museum's fourth collection area.
The State Museum was initially accredited by the American Association of Museums in 1974. Since 1983 it has been a division of the New Jersey Department of State.
- 1895 Museum is founded with Natural History specimens collected
since the early 1800s.
- 1912 Archaeology is added as second collection area.
- 1922 Ethnology becomes a partner with Archaeology when Museum
purchases North American Indian art.
- 1929 Decorative Arts is added as third collection area.
- 1964 Fine Art becomes fourth area of collecting.
- 1965 Museum moves to new Cultural Complex.
- 1968 Friends (501)(c)(3) support group established.
- 1974 Museum is initially accredited by the AAM.
- 1983 Museum becomes a Division of the NJ Department of State.
The New Jersey State Museum/Department of State has received generous support for its exhibitions and programs from the following Partners:
- New Jersey State Council on the Arts/NJ Department of State, a Partner Agency of the National Endowment for the Arts
- New Jersey Network Public Television and Radio
- The Bunbury Company
- The Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation
- The Friends of the New for the Humanities
- The National Endowment for the Arts
- The Jersey State Museum
- Merrill G. & Emerita E. Hastings Foundation
- The Horizon Foundation for New Jersey
- The New Jersey Historical Commission
- New Jersey Council for the Humanities, a state partner of the National Endowment
- Hyde & Watson Foundation
- PSEG, PSE&G
- Atlantic City Electric
- Bank of America
- The New Jersey Division of Travel & Tourism.