skip to main content skip to main navigation

USDA Confirms Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Pennsylvania, Near NJ

On August 11, 2022, the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (PSA) confirmed a Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) case in a non-commercial backyard poultry flock in Northampton County in Pennsylvania, near its eastern border that will affect Warren County in New Jersey due to the control area radius. The disease response is being coordinated between the New Jersey Department of Agriculture (NJDA), the PDA, and federal partners. Read More

Click here to see a list of 2022 confirmations of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in commercial and backyard flocks in the U.S. 

Click here for a map of Avian Influenza cases in domestic poultry and wild birds that have been confirmed in North America.

 

Pennsylvania Manure Hauler and Broker Meeting Recording
A session was held on Monday, May 9th for manure haulers and brokers, you can view that session using the following: https://us06web.zoom.us/rec/share/zDxKbulqBRh0wCb1oo53zE67ZSskZ0M89tpYEP0gDiqMCHGLLIRlltN_26T-hEJs.JzH9vmaHOqofW_oi
Passcode: .z07Q@MJ

Pennsylvania Feed Mills and Grain Deliveries Virtual Meeting
A session on Feed Mills and Grain Deliveries on Thursday, May 12th  at 9 a.m.
The link to join the Zoom Meeting is: https://us06web.zoom.us/j/86562990219?pwd=ekh3YW1PSk9EaEc5Ulg0VDdIeDFvQT09
Meeting ID: 865 6299 0219 and Passcode: HPAI
To join by telephone only: 1-301-715-8592 and Meeting ID: 865 6299 0219

POULTRY IMPORT REQUIREMENTS
WHERE DOES AVIAN INFLUENZA COME FROM?
CLINICAL SIGNS OF AVIAN INFLUENZA
WHERE TO REPORT SICK BIRDS OR UNEXPLAINED DEATHS
POULTRY GROWERS - PROTECT YOUR FLOCK WITH GOOD BIOSECURITY
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
VIDEO LINKS

POULTRY IMPORT REQUIREMENTS

Click here for Livestock and Poultry Import Requirements.

For States with HPAI, click here for Permitting Procedures.

Click here for the Pennsylvania HPAI address search map.



top of page

WHERE DOES AVIAN INFLUENZA COME FROM?

Photo of a rooster

Avian influenza is a viral disease of poultry that can be of low pathogenicity (LPAI), causing mild disease with or without clinical signs, or of high pathogenicity (HPAI), causing severe disease and significant death loss. Wild birds, especially migratory waterfowl (ducks and geese) are passive carriers of the flu virus, meaning they can pass the disease along without becoming seriously ill. Avian Influenza viruses can enter the body by inhalation, ingestion or through other mucous membranes such as the conjunctiva. Feces, saliva and respiratory secretions from infected birds contain large amounts of the virus. Once introduced into a flock, the virus can spread within hours.

The New Jersey Department of Agriculture and USDA APHIS Veterinary Services conduct surveillance on commercial operations, on backyard and hobby flocks, in poultry auctions and in the live bird marketing system.

The New Jersey Department of Agriculture has an emergency response plan in place for the rapid control and elimination of the virus during outbreaks of both LPAI and HPAI. The plan includes provisions for limiting the spread of the disease through increased biosecurity including limiting the traffic to and from the infected premises, increased surveillance in designated quarantine areas, rapid turn-around time for submitted samples and depopulation and disposal for infected birds.

 

top of page

CLINICAL SIGNS OF AVIAN INFLUENZA

LPAI in chickens and turkeys resembles any other mild respiratory disease. With HPAI, birds may die suddenly without any signs of disease. Signs of HPAI may include:

  • Sudden increase in bird deaths
  • Sneezing, gasping for air, coughing and nasal discharge (runny nose)
  • Watery and/or green diarrhea
  • Lack of energy and poor appetite
  • Drop in egg production or soft- or thin-shelled misshapen eggs
  • Swelling around the eyes, neck and head
  • Purple discoloration of the wattles, combs and legs

    Photo of sick birds


top of page

WHERE TO REPORT SICK BIRDS OR UNEXPLAINED DEATHS

All poultry owners, whether commercial producers or backyard enthusiasts, need to report sick or unexplained bird deaths to State/Federal officials immediately. For small flocks, this can include deaths of one bird per day for two days in a row.

For more information or to report sick or dead poultry contact: 

New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health
609-671-6400 or state.veterinarian@ag.nj.gov

Report sick poultry or unexplained poultry deaths (online form)

-OR-

USDA APHIS Veterinary Services NJ Area Office
609-259-5260 or toll-free at 1-866-536-7593

Dead Wild Bird – What to do next

Call:

  • USDA Wildlife Services 908-735-5654
  • NJDA 609-671-6400
  • USDA Veterinary Services 609-259-5260

Click here for handling instructions for a dead wild bird.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Letter for Veterinarians

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Letter to Poultry Owners

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Letter to Live Bird Markets

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Letter to Poultry Distributors

top of page

POULTRY GROWERS - PROTECT YOUR FLOCK WITH GOOD BIOSECURITY

Avian influenza spreads from bird to bird, from manure, contaminated vehicles, equipment, egg flats and poultry transport crates. The virus can be transported through bird droppings on clothes or boots into poultry houses and bird pens. Help protect your birds by following these practices:

  • Minimize your flock's exposure to wild waterfowl
  • Keep poultry away from water which wild waterfowl use
  • Don’t use surface water (such as pond water) as a drinking source for your poultry
  • Always use dedicated foot wear or use disinfectant footbaths prior to entering bird pens
  • Clean up outside feed spills
  • Only allow essential workers and vehicles to enter your farm; clean and disinfect vehicle wheels before letting them drive onto and off your farm
  • Don’t lend or borrow equipment from other farms
  • Avoid visiting other poultry farms and auctions. If you do, change clothes and footwear before working with your own birds

For more information click here 

 

Photo of biosecurity for birds

 

top of page

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

Manure Hauling Considerations From States That Have A Confirmed Case of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza
Avian Influenza
USDA Response Plan - The Red Book

 

top of page

VIDEO LINKS

All these, and more, can be found at the Defend the Flock Resource Center

USDA APHIS Defend the Flock

Biosecurity Practices to Protect Your Poultry 

Clean and Disinfect Equipment and Vehicles 

Protective Gear and Personnel   

Proper Cleaning Procedures Before and After Handling Birds   

Establish Perimeters and Boundaries   

Don’t Borrow Disease from Your Neighbor  

Biosecurity for Birds Keep It Clean   

top of page