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  • Hemlock Woolly Adelgid

      The Hemlock Woolly Adelgid is a small sap-sucking insect, originally from Asia, which is      killing hemlock trees throughout the state. The Department is raising and releasing    Laricobius nigrinus, the Derodontidae beetle, that feeds on hemlock woolly adelgid.            Some hemlock stands are slowly rebounding, indicating the beetles released in the            past might be impacting the adelgid problem.

    Release of Sasajiscymnus tsugae, Scymnus sinuanodulus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Laricobius nigrinus (Coleoptera: Derodontidae) on the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Report 2017

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  • Mexican Bean Beetles

     Mexican Bean Beetles feed on the foliage of soybeans, snap beans and lima beans, reducing   the crop yield. Since 1980, with support from the New Jersey Soybean Board, the   laboratory has been releasing a parasitic wasp, Pediobius foveolatus, in New Jersey soybean   fields to control this pest. The wasp, which cannot survive NJ winters, attacks the larvae of   the Mexican bean beetle, and must be reared in the laboratory and released into soybean   fields each summer.

     Mexican Bean Beetle. Photo by: Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State   University,

    It has been very effective at controlling bean beetles; virtually no insecticides have been applied to the state’s soybean crop in recent years and pesticide applications for bean beetle control have been reduced on snap beans and lima beans, saving growers hundreds of thousands of dollars annually and reducing insecticide applications by thousands of pounds.

    Biological Control of the Mexican Bean Beetle using the Parasitic Wasp Report 2017

    Pediobius attacking Mexican Bean Beetle larvae 

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  • Scale

    Scale insects suck the sap from stems and leaves. Euonymus scale and alatus scale feed on ornamental euonymus bushes, causing them to drop their leaves. This is a particularly serious problem in landscapes. Cybocephalus sp. nr. nipponicus, a tiny scale-eating beetle from China, has successfully been laboratory reared and released in the landscape on plants infested with Euonymus scale and Euonymus alatus scale.

    Cybocephalus nipponicus

    Cybocephalus will feed on a number of species of hard shell scales, including the Elongate Hemlock Scale, commonly found in hemlock trees feeding on needles and causing a decline in the trees. Beetles were observed feeding on Elongate Hemlock Scale in Mercer and Monmouth Counties through natural dispersal from Euonymus Scale release sites.

    The Department of Agriculture has established a number of release sites in hemlock stands in Northern New Jersey and has cooperated with University researchers, as well as out of state agencies in the Northeast to study its effects on Elongate Hemlock Scale

    Mass Release and Recovery of Cybocephalus nipponicus on Elongate Hemlock Scale Final Report

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  • Tarnished Plant Bugs

    Tarnished Plant Bugs feed on many plants, including forage crops, small grains, stone fruit, strawberries, and vegetables. Their feeding can damage fruit and reduce crop yields. A small wasp from northern Europe that feeds on the plant bug nymphs was established by USDA in the mid-1980s, and continues to spread northward from Mercer County to Canada. The Department is developing a mass rearing technique for a related wasp species from the Mediterranean region, Peristenus relictus.

     Tarnished Plant Bug Annual Report 2014

     Peristenus stygicus attacking Tarnished Plant Bug nymph

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  • Mile-a-Minute Weed

    Mile-a-Minute Weed, Polygonum perfoliatum, can grow up to six inches per day, with mature plants reaching six feet. It can climb over, and shade out native plants at the edges of woods, along stream banks, and roadsides. Mile-a-minute can also be a problem in untilled agricultural areas such as Christmas tree farms and reforestation seedling plantations. Mile-a-minute is native to India and Eastern Asia, and was accidentally introduced into Pennsylvania in the late 1930’s. The Department is cooperating with the US Forest Service and the University of Delaware in developing a colony of tiny weevils, Rhinoncomimus latipes, imported from China, that feed specifically on Mile-a-minute weed, and to establish this beetle in the US.

     Rhinoncomimus latipes (Coleotera: Curculionidae) as a Biological Control   Agent for Mile-a-minute, Persicaria perfoliata, in New Jersey Annual Report   2017

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  • Purple Loosestrife

      Purple Loosestrife is an exotic and invasive noxious weed that is threatening New Jersey's wetlands.   It damages the state’s wetlands by displacing native plants essential to wildlife for food and cover.   The Department is rearing and releasing two species of leaf eating beetles, Galerucella spp., that feed   on purple loosestrife to control this weed pest in wetland areas. Since 1997, more than   1,500,000 alerucella spp. beetles have been released at 100 sites, in 16 of the 21 counties   throughout NJ.

      Numerous sites are continuing to show high levels of beetle activity and feeding damage; the   loosestrife population is being reduced and native wetland plants are beginning to populate these   previously infested sites. The Galerucella spp. beetles have been   recovered up to twelve miles from a release site.

    Purple Loosestrife Final Report

    Galerucella -- Photo by J. Zhang

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  • Insects currently reared in Phillip Alampi Beneficial Insect Rearing Laboratory

    • Mexican bean beetle (MBB), Epilachna varievestis
    • Mexican bean beetle larval parasite, Pediobius foveolatus
    • Hemlock woolly adelgid predators, Laricobius nigrinus (Derodontidae beetle)
    • Tarnished plant bug (TPB), Lygus lineolaris
    • Tarnished plant bug parasitoid, Peristenus relictus
    • Mile-a-Minute predator, Rhinoncomimus latipe

    Certain insects are available for purchase. A USDA permit is required for all interstate shipments. For more information contact: Mark Mayer at (609) 530-4192

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