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Bureau of Ground Water, Residuals, and Permit Administration
NJDEP Division of Water Quality
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BlueArrow Residuals, Biosolids, Sewage Sludge
BlueArrow Interactive Sewage Sludge Mapping Tool
BlueArrow Residuals General Permits
BlueArrow Residuals Application Forms and Checklists
bluearrow  Permit Administration Section
BlueArrow Permit Application Forms and Checklists
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Residuals, Biosolids, Sewage Sludge

Residual is generated by both domestic treatment plants (sewage sludge) and industrial treatment plants (industrial residual). Residual is managed in variety of ways, including the development of Marketable Residual Products (often referred to as biosolids) used to fertilize or condition the soil. Examples include pellets, compost, alkaline materials, food processing by-products and water treatment residuals. Residual is also incinerated in New Jersey and managed in a variety of ways at out-of-state facilities. Beneficial use of residual as a fertilizer or soil conditioner is regulated under a New Jersey Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit issued by the Bureau of Ground Water, Residuals, and Permit Administration and may require site specific approvals, depending upon the nature of the residual. Incineration of residual is regulated under New Jersey's Air Pollution Control Program. While residual managed in other states is regulated by the receiving state, the generator must demonstrate to the Department compliance with the receiving state's law.

The Bureau of Ground Water, Residuals, and Permit Administration also oversees the Statewide Sludge Management Plan (a component of the Statewide Solid Waste Management Plan) and reviews and approves long term generator residual management plans. Finally, through the implementation of the Sludge Quality Assurance Regulations, residual generators must test their residual and report the results to the Department on a regular basis. This data is available to assure compliance with the appropriate residual management criteria in much the same way that the surface water program uses effluent data to assure compliance with wastewater discharge requirements.

Residuals Permitting Information

blue_arrow General Residual Permits .html
blue_arrow Residual Permit Application Forms and Checklists .html
blue_arrow Technical Manual for Residual Management pdf
blue_arrow Sludge Sampling and Analytical Guidance Document pdf


Online Residuals Data

Sewage Sludge Production by Management Mode (Updated 03/24/2022)
These files list modes of sewage sludge management reported by domestic treatment plants in New Jersey. Both statewide summary and individual municipality information are presented for each year.

Sewage Sludge Production by Management Mode, please select a year.

blue_arrow 2020 (352kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2019 (352kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2018 (352kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2017 (246kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2016 (246kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2015 (246kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2014 (249kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2013 (418kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2012 (76kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2011 (384 kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2010 (119 kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2009 (115 kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2008 (117 kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2007 (115 kb) pdf
blue_arrow 2006 (120kb) pdf

If you have any questions please call the Bureau of Ground Water, Residuals, and Permit Administration at (609) 984-4428.


NJ Residual Management Options (Updated 05/16/2018)

blue_arrow NJ Residual Management Options (28kb) pdf

Waste Haulers with Tank Trucks/Vac Trucks



NJ Facility ID List (Updated 10/23/12)
These files list the NJEMS Facility Identification Numbers commonly used on Residuals Transfer Report forms.

blue_arrow NJ Management Sites Facility ID List (19kb) pdf
blue_arrow NJ Generator Facility ID List (47kb) pdf

If you have any questions please call the Bureau of Ground Water, Residuals, and Permit Administration at (609) 984-4428.


Historic Sewage Sludge Quality (Updated 04/25/2022)
This table charts historic, median, statewide sewage sludge quality for selected pollutants. For determining median concentrations, if analytical testing did not yield a pollutant concentration above the minimum detection level, the pollutant concentration is assumed to be the minimum amount of pollutant that could be measured. Equating undetected data points to their minimum detection level is a conservative assumption since it tends to overestimate pollutant concentrations.

blue_arrow Historic Sewage Sludge Quality (218kb) pdf
blue_arrow Sewage Sludge Land Application & Incineration Quality Criteria (28kb) pdf


Residuals Discharge Monitoring Reports
You may access Discharge Monitoring Report (DMR) data for residual generators through the Department's DataMiner website under NJPDES Permitting. There you will find a number of useful reports including "Residuals (SQAR) DMR Data by NJPDES Number."  Further instructions are provided below the link to the report.

If you have any questions please call the Bureau of Ground Water, Residuals, and Permit Administration at (609) 984-4428.

Applicable Regulations

blue_arrow N.J.A.C. 7:14A-20 Standards for the Use or Disposal of Residual pdf
blue_arrow N.J.A.C. 7:14C Sludge Quality Assurance Regulations pdf
blue_arrow New Jersey Statewide Sludge Management Plan (Section K) pdf
blue_arrow USEPA 40 CFR Part 503 pdf


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Last Updated: April 25, 2022