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Architectural and Archaeological Survey

Survey Report Bibliographies



Identification of historic properties and districts involves the process of architectural survey and/or archaeological survey, evaluation and treatment. The Historic Preservation Office (HPO) has relied on published archaeological survey and reporting guidelines since 1996, and guidelines for architectural survey since 1999. Through these and other publications and information resources, the HPO provides guidance and assistance for anyone undertaking such identification efforts in New Jersey.

New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places

Current Listings

The New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places are the official lists of historic properties and districts worthy of preservation. Inclusion in the Registers provides benefits and protection for listed resources, and the information generated through the nomination process contributes to the growing body of knowledge about historic places in New Jersey.

The link on the left, entitled New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places current listings, also includes properties and historic districts in New Jersey for which a  formal assessment was made by the State Historic Preservation Officer of designee.  The listings are routinely updated by HPO as indicated at the top of each data page.

National Historic Landmarks


National Historic Landmarks (NHL) are buildings, sites, structures, objects and districts that have been determined by the Secretary of the Interior to be nationally significant in American history and culture. The NHL Program (NPS Website) is administered by the National Park Service. New Jersey has over 50 NHL's, including Craftsman Farms, Monmouth Battlefield, Paulsdale, Ringwood Manor, Sandy Hook Lighthouse, and the Walt Whitman House.

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Historic resources are those buildings, sites, structures, objects, and districts that meet the National Register Criteria for Evaluation (NPS Website). These criteria outline qualities for which a property may be considered significant at the local, state, and national levels. Those significant properties or districts that retain integrity of design, feeling or association are considered historic. Historic resources are generally considered either "above ground" (buildings, structures and objects) and "below ground" (archaeological sites), with consequent differences in identification and treatment for each discipline.

What are historic resources?

Geographic Information Systems


The HPO is currently developing a Cultural Resources Geographic Information System (CRGIS). Initial efforts began in 1997 with a pilot project in Gloucester and Salem counties to create the methodology for representing cultural resources in GIS, and has since focused on populating the CRGIS data layers statewide.  Future implementation will include providing online access to CRGIS data, and establishing CRGIS data standards.

Women's History Initiative


The New Jersey Women's Heritage Trail Initiative identifies and documents historic sites in New Jersey that are significant because of their association with women. Sponsored by the HPO and the Alice Paul Institute, this groundbreaking project contributes to an increased historical understanding of political, social, economic, and cultural ideas and forces that shaped the history of New Jersey, the United States and the world. New Jersey was the first state in the country to take on such a comprehensive statewide survey of women's historic sites.

Revolutionary War Initiatives

New Jersey played a central role in the American war for independence. Battles fought at Trenton, Princeton and Monmouth are among the many Revolutionary War battles and skirmishes that took place in New Jersey, more than in any other state. Remarkably, much of the state's landscape over which Washington's Army traveled remains as open space, and a variety of initiatives are underway to ensure preservation and interpretation of New Jersey's Revolutionary war heritage.

Three such initiatives are:

American Battlefield Protection Grants (NPS website)
The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) of the National Park Service invites non-profit groups, academic institutions, and local, regional, state, and tribal governments to submit applications for the 2013 Battlefield Planning Grants. The purpose of this grant program is to provide seed money for projects that lead directly to the identification, preservation and interpretation of battlefield land and/or historic sites associated with battlefields. Projects that involve multiple stakeholders are given preference.  Application deadline January 2, 2013

  • New Federal Grant Payment System
    (all applicants - please note)
    As part of its transition to the Financial and Business Management System (FBMS) the National Park Service will be using a new grants payment system, the Automated Standard Application for Payments (ASAP). All current ABPP grantees will need to enroll in ASAP by mid-November, 2012.

For further information go to the American Battlefield Protection Program web site: http://www.cr.nps.gov/hps/abpp/grants/battlefieldgrants/2013grants.htm

Crossroads of the American Revolution National Heritage Area

On September 29, 2006, the U.S. Congress officially designated the Crossroads of the American Revolution National Heritage Area in New Jersey. President George Bush signed it into law on O
ctober 12, 2006 formally recognizing New Jersey's pivotal role in the American Revolution. For further information go to the Crossroads of the American Revolution Association web site:

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route In The State of New Jersey,
1781-1783: An Historical and Architectural Survey.

This extensive study was recently completed by military historian Robert A. Selig, Ph.D. The survey adds to his previous work in New York and Connecticut and is an in-depth and detailed study of military marches through the State of New Jersey during the American Revolutionary War of both French Army troops and Continental Army troops. This report is on file at the Historic Preservation Office.

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New Jersey 350


New Jersey celebrated its 350th anniversary in 2014.  Throughout that year, the Historic Preservation Office highlighted outstanding sites across the state that illustrate our rich history of innovation, liberty and diversity. 

Read about these places that made history!  See all the articles at:

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Department of Environmental Protection
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Trenton, NJ 08625-0402

Last Updated: March 17, 2020