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Fast Facts

New Jersey has . . .

  • 21 counties and 566 municipalities.
  • 2 United States Senators.
  • 13 United States Representatives.
  • 40 State Senators.
  • 80 Members of the General Assembly.
  • 8,414,350 residents (as of 2000).
  • 3,064,645 households (as of 2000).
  • 314 public libraries.
  • 1,866 public elementary schools.
  • 398 public secondary schools.
  • 132 private high schools.
  • 20 four-year colleges.
  • 21 two-year colleges.
  • 2 engineering colleges.
  • 1 medical college.
  • 2 dental colleges.
  • 6 theological colleges.
  • 7,504.8 square miles of land.
  • 699.57 square miles of water.
  • 8,204.37 square miles total area.
  • 127 miles of coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.
  • more than 800 lakes and ponds.
  • more than 100 rivers and creeks.
  • 36 state parks.
  • 11 state forests.
  • 24 historic sites.
  • 42 natural areas.
  • 4 national recreational areas.
  • 4 state marinas.
  • 34,268 miles of highways and roads.

Did You Know…

Cape May was named after Dutch explorer Cornelius Mey, who sailed the Delaware River in 1614. New Jersey was settled in 1618 by the Dutch.

New Jersey is the only British North American colony whose first European settlers were not English. New Jersey finally became a British Royal Province in 1702.

New Jersey was known as the "Pathway of the Revolution." Over 100 battles were fought on New Jersey soil.

Two New Jersey cities temporarily served as the nation's capital during the Revolution. From June 30 to November 4, 1783, Princeton was the U.S. capital. Trenton was capital from November 1 to December 24, 1784.

New Jersey was one of the 13 original states. It was the third state to ratify U.S. Constitution in 1787.

Aaron Burr's famous duel with Alexander Hamilton took place in Weehawken in 1804. Burr, who at the time was Vice President, shot and killed Hamilton.

Francis Hopkinson is credited with the design of the first American flag with thirteen stars and stripes. The Continental Congress adopted his design on June 14, 1777.

John Roebling, who built the Brooklyn Bridge, opened his company in Trenton.

Grover Cleveland, the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, was born in Caldwell in 1837.


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