1. Immunization

  2. What’s the story?

    The increase in child life expectancy over time is largely due to decreases in mortality due to  infectious diseases through the administration of vaccines. Early childhood immunization has been proven to be a safe and cost-effective means of controlling vaccine-preventable diseases.  In the last 50 years, vaccinations have led to a 95% decrease in vaccine-preventable diseases. According to the 2016 National Immunization Survey (NIS), New Jersey's immunization coverage rates for children 19-35 months of age for the 4:3:1:4:3:1:4 primary series are similar to the national average.

  3. By the Numbers

    According to the 2016 National Immunization Survey (NIS), the estimated vaccination coverage among NJ children 19-35 months of age for the following vaccines are as follows:

    • Hepatitis B birth dose (66.7%)
    • 4+ doses DTaP (87.0%)
    • 4+ doses PCV (80.9%)
    • Primary series 4:3:1:4:3:1:4 (70.2%)


    The primary series consists of 4 or more doses of diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (DTaP); 3 or more doses of polio (Polio); 1 or more doses of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR); 3 or 4 doses (depending on vaccine type) of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib); 3 or more doses of hepatitis B (Hep B); 1 or more doses of varicella (Var); and 4 or more doses of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV).

  4. Our Strategy

    The DOH strives to increase vaccination coverage rates among children ages 19 through 35 months by 2020 to 75% for Hep B birth dose, 95% for 4+ doses DTaP, 90% for 4+ doses PCV, and 80% for 4:3:1:4:3:1:4 primary series. To do this, DOH has been collaborating with numerous stakeholders through a statewide coalition to promote age appropriate immunizations, as well as working with birthing hospitals to develop and update policies and procedures regarding the administration of the HBV birth dose. In addition, educational efforts continue to be directed toward healthcare providers, the public, and school officials to highlight the importance of timely, age-appropriate vaccination to protect the health of the individual and communities.

    The DOH has developed and maintains the NJ Immunization Information System (NJIIS), the State's official web-based immunization registry designed to store immunization information for infants, children, adolescents, and adults for a lifetime. NJIIS assists public health agencies with population assessments in the event of a preventable disease outbreak and helps communities assess their immunization coverage and identify pockets of need. In addition, the DOH promotes the Vaccines for Children Program (VFC) which was created to meet the vaccination needs of children from birth through 18 years of age. Patients eligible to receive VFC vaccines are children who are American Indian or Alaskan Native, enrolled in Medicaid or Medicaid Managed Care, enrolled in NJ Family Care (Plan A only), or are underinsured.

  5. Did you know?

    To summarize the impact of the U.S. immunization program on the health of all children who were born during a 20 year period from 1994 - 2013, CDC used information from NIS and a previously published cost-benefit model to estimate illnesses, hospitalizations, and premature deaths prevented and costs saved by routine childhood vaccination. Coverage for many childhood vaccine series was near or above 90% for much of the period. Modeling estimated that, among children born during 1994- 2013, vaccination will prevent an estimated 322 million illnesses, 21 million hospitalizations, and 732,000 deaths over the course of their lifetimes, at a net savings of $295 billion in direct costs and $1.38 trillion in total societal costs.

  6. To Learn More


Progress Toward Goal

* Rate per 100,000 population

Only one year of data currently available

Exceeding Goal
At/Making progress toward Goal
Making less progress toward Goal than expected
Not progressing toward Goal
Negative progression toward Goal

Last Reviewed: 5/9/2018