The animals of the Pinelands have been effected greatly by the region’s ecosystem. The existing animal communities are shaped by many environmental factors, including vegetation, fire, moisture, and water chemistry. Many of these species depend on the special conditions present in the Pinelands. Maintaining this fragile environment is essential for the preservation of characteristic Pinelands fish, bird, reptile, amphibian, mammal, and invertebrate species.
The Pinelands is home to 39 species of mammals, 299 bird species, 59 reptile and amphibian species and 91 fish species. This includes 43 animal species that are listed as threatened or endangered by the New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife.