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What is Trauma? 
Trauma happens when any experience stuns us like a bolt out of the blue; it overwhelms us, leaving us altered and disconnected. – Peter Levine, Trauma Through a Child’s Eyes: Awakening the Ordinary Miracle of Healing.

What is PTSD and Complex Trauma? 
If trauma is a wound, then PTSD is an infection in the wound, and complex trauma is a multi-drug resistant infection in the wound. It is possible to heal from all of these. – Dr. Michael Gomez, Brown University.

Building Community   
Bringing people together is the key to building community. Building community comes from connections. Connections are important. They provide networking, commonality, belonging, opportunities, and relationships.

Adverse Childhood Experiences   
Adverse childhood experiences encompass various forms of long-lasting harmful effects that can impact a person's childhood into adulthood. These include physical and emotional abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction experiences.

Positive Childhood Experiences  
Positive Childhood Experiences helps build a child’s sense of belongingness and connection. PCEs predict positive outcomes, including success in school and good health in both childhood and adulthood. PCEs also help buffer the negative effects of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), which protects children from developing long-term negative effects from traumas. 

Secondary Trauma
Secondary trauma is the emotional duress that results when an individual hears about the firsthand trauma experiences of another. For therapists, child welfare workers, case managers, and other helping professionals involved in the care of traumatized children and their families, the essential act of listening to stories of trauma may take an emotional toll that compromises professional functioning and diminishes quality of life.

Intergenerational Trauma
Intergenerational trauma occurs when the effects of trauma are transferred from one generation to the next, either through genetic adaptation or social and cultural practices. When a shared traumatic event is experienced by and impacts a specific social, cultural, or racial group, it is referred to as a specific form of intergenerational trauma called historical trauma. The current focus on racial and environmental justice — and more clarity about the roles the public and private sectors can play to improve the systems with which people interact — has influenced leaders in New Jersey to come together to create an environment in which children and families can not only survive but thrive.

Trauma-Informed Care
Trauma-informed care is an approach defined by treating the whole person, considering past trauma and resulting coping mechanisms. A strengths-based approach to service delivery is grounded in an understanding of, and the responsiveness to, the impact of trauma. This approach emphasizes physical, psychological, and emotional safety for both providers and survivors and creates opportunities for survivors to rebuild a sense of control and empowerment.

Healing-Centered Care
Healing-centered care is a holistic approach involving culture, spirituality, civic action, and collective healing. A healing-centered approach views trauma not simply as an individual, isolated experience, but rather highlights the ways in which trauma and healing are experienced collectively. The term healing-centered engagement expands how we think about responses to trauma and offers a more holistic approach to fostering well-being.