New Jersey Department of Education

Affective Network

Affective Network: The "Why" of Learning

This infuences our emotions, motivation to learn, and enables us to engage in tasks. This network is responsible for developing preerences and establishing priorities and interests. 

Affective Network Part of the Brain


Principle: Provide Multiple Means of Engagement  

Affect represents a crucial element of learning, and learners differ markedly in the ways in which they can be engaged or motivated to learn. There are a variety of sources that can influence individual variation in affect including neurology, culture, personal relevance, subjectivity, and background knowledge, along with a variety of other factors. Some learners are highly engaged by spontaneity and novelty while others are disengaged, even frightened, by those aspects, preferring a strict routine. Some learners might like to work alone, while others prefer to work with their peers. In reality, there is not one means of engagement that will be optimal for all learners in all contexts; providing multiple options for engagement is essential. 

CAST (2018). Universal Design for Learning Guidelines version 2.2. Retrieved from 

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