New Jersey Department of Education

Strategic Network

The Strategic Network: The "How" of Learning

Influences how we organize and communicate our thinking. Enables us to plan, monitor, and execute actions and skills. Writing an essay or solving a math problem are strategic tasks. 

blue coloring on the strategic part of the brain

Principle: Provide Multiple Means of Action & Expression   

Learners differ in the ways that they can navigate a learning environment and express what they know. For example, individuals with significant movement impairments (e.g., cerebral palsy), those who struggle with strategic and organizational abilities (executive function disorders), those who have language barriers, and so forth approach learning tasks very differently. Some may be able to express themselves well in written text but not speech, and vice versa. It should also be recognized that action and expression require a great deal of strategy, practice, and organization, and this is another area in which learners can differ. In reality, there is not one means of action and expression that will be optimal for all learners; providing options for action and expression is essential. 

CAST (2018). Universal Design for Learning Guidelines version 2.2. Retrieved from 

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