Title I, Part A
Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local Educational Agencies
The purpose of Title I, Part A is to provide all children significant opportunity to receive a fair, equitable, and high-quality education, and to close educational achievement gaps. Title I, Part A (Title I) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) provides financial assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs) and schools with high numbers or high percentages of children from low-income families to help ensure that all children meet challenging, State academic standards.
Learn more about Title I, Part A
- Title I, Part B: State Assessment Grants
- Title I, Part C: Education of Migratory Children
- Title I, Part D: Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk
- Title I, Part E: Flexibility for Equitable Per-Pupil Funding
- Title I, Part F: General Provisions
Title I grants are subject to the provisions of Title I, Parts A and F, and Title VIII, as applicable, of the ESEA, as amended by the ESSA, and the General Education Provisions Act (P.L. 103-382). These grants also are subject to:
- the Title I Regulations in 34 CFR Part 200;
- the Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR) in 34 CFR Parts 76 (except 76.650 – 76.662), 77, 81, and 82, and 2 CFR 3485; and
- the Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principals, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards in 2 CFR Parts 200 and 3474.
For more information regarding the ESEA Entitlement Grants, please go to the Office of Grants Management – Entitlement Grants page.
Federal funds are currently allocated through four (4) statutory formula that are based primarily on census poverty estimates and the cost of education in each state:
- Basic Grants - provide funds to LEAs in which the number of children counted in the formula (formula children) is at least 10 and exceeds 2 percent of an LEA's school-age population.
- Concentration Grants - provide funds to LEAs that are eligible for Basic Grants and in which the number of formula children exceeds 6,500 or 15 percent of an LEA’s total school-age population.
- Targeted Grants - are based on the same data used for Basic and Concentration Grants except that the data are weighted so that LEAs with higher numbers or higher percentages of children receive more funds. Targeted Grants provide funds to LEAs in which the number of formula children (without application of the formula weights) is at least 10 and at least 5 percent of the LEA's school-age population.
- Education Finance Incentive Grants (EFIG) - distribute funds to States based on factors that measure:
- a State's effort to provide financial support for education compared to its relative wealth as measured by its per capita income; and
- the degree to which education expenditures among LEAs within the State are equalized.
An LEA’s Title I allocation is the sum of the amount the LEA receives under each formula. LEAs target the Title I funds they receive to schools with the highest percentages of children from low-income families. If a Title I school is operating a targeted assistance program, the school provides Title I services to children who are identified as failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet challenging, State academic standards.
Schools in which children from low-income families make up at least 40 percent of enrollment are eligible to use Title I funds to operate schoolwide programs that serve all children in the school in order to raise the achievement of the lowest-achieving students. There is an exception to the 40% rule, as articulated in ESEA 1114 §(a)(1)(B) EXCEPTION — A school that serves an eligible school attendance area in which less than 40 percent of the children are from low-income families, or a school for which less than 40 percent of the children enrolled in the school are from such families, may operate a schoolwide program under this section if the school receives a waiver from the State educational agency to do so, after taking into account how a schoolwide program will best serve the needs of the students in the school served under this part in improving academic achievement and other factors.
LEAs also must engage in timely and meaningful consultation with nonpublic school officials, as applicable, to provide Title I-funded services, on an equitable basis and individually or in combination, to best meet the needs of eligible children identified under ESEA §1115(c), who are enrolled in the nonpublic schools.
Resources for educators, parents, students and other stakeholders to enhance their knowledge regarding Title I, Part A.
The foster care provisions of Title I, Part A of ESSA complement those in the Fostering Connections Act, and clearly state that the educational stability of children in foster care is the joint responsibility of both the education and child welfare systems.
Eligible children attending nonpublic elementary and secondary schools, their teachers, and their families are entitled to Title I, Part A services or other benefits that are equitable to those provided to eligible public-school children, their teachers, and their families.
The Distinguished Schools Program is sponsored by the National Association of ESEA State Program Administrators. Only two (2) schools per state are selected each year as National ESEA Distinguished Schools, making this award an especially prestigious honor.