Streptococcal Disease – Group A (Group A Strep)

Report within 24 hours of Diagnosis to the Local Health Department.

Group A streptococcus (GAS) bacteria are often found in the throat and on the skin. People may carry the bacteria and have no symptoms of illness. Severe and sometimes fatal GAS disease may occur when bacteria get into parts of the body where bacteria are not usually found such as in the blood, muscles, or lungs. These infections are called “invasive GAS disease.” Two of the most severe forms of invasive GAS disease are necrotizing fasciitis (also commonly known as “the flesh-eating disease”) and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. GAS symptoms vary depending on the type of infection and early treatment with antibiotics is recommended.

Education Materials
Laboratory Information and Guidance
Last Reviewed: 11/28/2018