Toxic Shock Syndrome

Report within 24 hours of Diagnosis to the Local Health Department.

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare, but potentially serious illness that can develop quickly. TSS is caused by specific strains of Staphylococcus bacteria that produce toxins. Anyone can get TSS, but many cases are associated with menstruating women using tampons or other intravaginal devices. Early symptoms may include low fever, muscle aches, chills, feeling tired, and headache. As TSS progresses symptoms may include high fever, vomiting, rash, red eyes/lips/tongue, low blood pressure, and mental confusion. TSS is generally treated with antibiotics.

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Last Reviewed: 5/11/2017