FY 2020 - 2029
This document is the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) for the State of New Jersey for federal fiscal years (FY) 2020 (beginning October 1, 2019) through 2029 (ending September 30, 2029).
Federal legislation requires that each state develop one multimodal STIP for all areas of their state. In New Jersey, the STIP consists of a listing of statewide line items and programs, as well as three regional Transportation Improvement Programs (TIPs), which are developed by three Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) covering the state. Those three TIPs contain local and state highway projects, statewide line items and programs, and public transit and authority-sponsored projects.
This STIP conforms to, and in many cases exceeds, the specific requirements of the federal regulations:
Finally, the STIP is a 10-year plan that is fiscally constrained based on federal estimated resources increasing annually for the NJDOT and remaining at the previous STIP level of funding for NJ TRANSIT. State resources — consisting of the Transportation Trust Fund (TTF) —were assumed to remain flat in FYs 2020 through 2029.
The NJDOT implemented an Asset Management policy detailing the agency’s objectives and measures. This policy is the official institutional approach to managing infrastructure assets, and making capital investment decisions related to these assets. This approach serves to support and complement the 10-year Statewide Capital Investment Strategy (SCIS), the 10-year STIP, the annual Transportation Capital Program, and the biennial Study and Development Program. The diagram below (Figure 1) displays the relationship between the NJDOT’s various planning documents and the development of the STIP.
The NJDOT recognizes that there are ever-increasing challenges to funding transportation improvements. Asset management offers an alternative to focusing solely on problem spots and/or the worst conditions. The NJDOT defines asset management as, “the systematic process of maintaining, upgrading, and operating physical assets cost-effectively”.
Performance-based Planning and Performance Management are terms used in relation to the broader use of performance to manage and improve the transportation system. Asset Management focuses on the subset of Performance-based Planning and Performance Management related to physical assets. However, the NJDOT has used, and is continuing to use, a Performance-based Planning approach to make capital investment choices. The NJDOT continues to seek out, and utilize, the best data and predictive models, to make the most effective, efficient and informed investment choices.
In 2017, NJDOT updated its Transportation Asset Management Policy to adopt transportation asset management as the official institutional approach to preserve the Department’s infrastructure assets. The policy reflects the Department’s commitment to apply a performance-based approach to managing transportation system performance outcomes. Transportation Asset Management is the application of this approach to manage the condition of infrastructure assets.
In 2018, NJDOT prepared the Initial New Jersey Transportation Asset Management Plan (TAMP), which has been certified by the FHWA. In August 2019, FHWA issued its 2019 consistency determination, affirming that NJDOT developed and implemented the NJ TAMP consistent with federal requirements. The TAMP documents the risk-based approach for management of the National Highway System and State Highway System assets in NJ, identifies State of Good Repair Objectives for assets, and outlines investment strategies that will help achieve these objectives. The TAMP represents National Highway System (NHS) assets, regardless of ownership. In New Jersey, the NHS is owned by NJDOT, as well as multiple transportation authorities and commissions, counties and municipalities. The NJDOT has continuously engaged with the state’s three MPOs during the TAMP development process, enabling the Department to inform, collaborate, and coordinated with all NHS owners to obtain condition data and investment information.
NJDOT has submitted Performance Measure (PM) targets to FHWA for Safety (PM1), Infrastructure (PM2), and System Performance (PM3). PM1 requires State DOTs to set targets for safety-related performance measures. Since 2017, Safety Performance target setting and reporting is performed annually. PM2 sets targets for pavement condition and bridge condition on the NHS, including the Interstate. PM3 assesses the performance of the Interstate and non-Interstate NHS for the purpose of carrying out the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (CMAQ) Program, as well as freight movement on the Interstate system to carry out the National Highway Freight Program (NHFP). Performance Measures and Targets are summarized in Figure 1.
Figure 1 Summary of Performance Measures and Targets
The Department is planning to invest in safety, making progress toward achieving the performance targets that have been set. Total investment in safety include programs and projects such as Highway Safety Betterments, Rail-Highway Grade Crossing Program, Safe Routes to School Program, Route 82, Caldwell Avenue to Lehigh Avenue, and Route 30, Mill Road (CR651). Approximate investments in safety (in millions) are listed in Figure 2:Safety
The Department is planning to invest in bridge assets identified in the TAMP, making progress toward achieving the performance targets that have been set. Total investment in bridge assets include programs and projects such as the Bridge Deck/Superstructure Replacement Program, Bridge Preventative Maintenance, Delaware and Raritan Canal Bridges, Route 30 Bridge over Beach Thorofare, Route 76, Bridges over Route 130, and Route 33, Bridge over Millstone River. Approximate investments in bridge assets (in millions) are listed in Figure 3:
The Department is planning to invest in road assets identified in the TAMP, making progress toward achieving the performance targets that have been set. Total investment in road assets include programs and projects such as Pavement Preservation, Resurfacing Program, Route 27, Dehart Place to Route 21, Route 30, Atco Avenue to Route 206, and Route 130, Plant Street to High Hill Road. Approximate investments in road assets (in millions) are listed in Figure 4:Road Assets
The Department is planning to invest in system performance (congestion relief), making progress toward achieving the performance targets that have been set. Total investment in system performance include programs and projects such as Intelligent Traffic Signal Systems, Statewide Traffic Operations and Support Program, Route 3, Route 46, Valley Road and Notch/Rifle Camp Road Interchange (Contract B), and Route 295/42, Missing Moves, Bellmawr. Approximate investments in system performance (in millions) are listed in Figure 5: System Performance
In the short term, the Department will monitor progress toward achievement of the 2 and 4 year performance targets to assess how the STIP is implementing the TAMP. In addition, the information compiled through each year’s review of investment information to support the annual consistency determination will demonstrate how the Department is implementing the TAMP. With this information, the Department will determine whether adjustments to planned investments in the STIP will be needed to implement the TAMP.
New Jersey is completely covered by its three MPOs: the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (DVRPC); the South Jersey Transportation Planning Organization (SJTPO); and the North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority (NJTPA). This STIP incorporates their three separate TIPs without modification.
Each MPO has a public participation process for their regional transportation plan, TIP and conformity determination. The state makes copies of the STIP available at each MPO public meeting, and representatives from the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT are present to answer questions and concerns raised by the public about the programs. The duration of the public comment period for each TIP and the STIP is 30 days. MPOs collect public comments on behalf of the state, and responses are prepared collaboratively.
The federal statewide planning rule requires that the STIP contain projects consistent with the Statewide Long Range Transportation Plan (SLRTP), Transportation Choices 2030. The SLRTP is a comprehensive plan developed by NJDOT and NJ Transit that includes goals, policies, strategies, and actions providing strategic direction in the formulation of the STIP and guide investment prioritization for New Jersey’s transportation system. The projects and programs in this STIP are consistent with New Jersey’s LRTP, Transportation Choices 2030.
The MPO Regional Transportation Plans are subject to conformity analysis in order to demonstrate that each plan conforms to the State Implementation Plan (SIP). Each MPO TIP must be consistent with their conforming plan, such that the regional emission analysis performed on the plan applies to their TIP. This determination means that the implementation of projects and programs in the MPO TIPs will have a positive impact, in the aggregate, on air quality. Since the STIP contains the three MPO TIPs without modification, the implementation of the STIP conforms to the regional transportation plans and will also have a positive impact on air quality.
All projects in this STIP that will result in a significant increase in carrying capacity for single occupant vehicles are supported by a fully operational congestion management process, in place at each MPO.
This STIP is the product of months of staff work, and deliberations, involving the NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, county and municipal transportation planners and engineers, other transportation providing agencies, the public, and elected officials at the state, county, and municipal levels. The main decision-making forums for selecting projects for this program were the state’s three MPOs:
The process of building this STIP began in the fall of 2018, with intensive staff work by the NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and the MPOs.All projects that were identified as potential candidates for inclusion in the regional TIPs of each of the three MPOs were subjected to rigorous screening to verify project scope, status, schedule, and cost. The resulting “pool” of projects was analyzed independently by the NJDOT and the MPOs. Each project was then assigned a priority-ranking, based on the extent to which it would advance identified regional and statewide objectives. Such objectives are set forth in; the STIP, the LRTP, the three MPO Regional Transportation Plans, and air quality objectives. The NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT developed and circulated revenue projections, for planning purposes, to each of the MPOs, based on the best current assessment of available state, federal, and other funds. The NJDOT and each of the three MPOs entered into intensive discussions to negotiate a list of deliverable transportation projects that best fit the composite statewide and regional priorities within a financially constrained program. These negotiated project lists were used as the basis for publishing the Transportation Capital Program Fiscal Year 2020 by the NJDOT in June 2019, and for preparing TIPs for further analysis by each of the MPOs. Projects in the STIP and three MPO’s TIPs are consistent with the three MPO Regional Transportation Plans.
Federal law and regulations require that the STIP be fiscally constrained for the first four years. Specifically, “planned federal aid expenditures” cannot exceed “projected revenues.” The major sources of funding identified in this document are: the FHWA, the FTA, and the TTF. The NJDOT and its transportation planning partners (NJ TRANSIT, NJTPA, DVRPC, SJTPO, FHWA, and FTA) have developed an estimate of $14,991.2 million in available state, federal and other revenues to support the state’s transportation budget during the four fiscal years from 2020 through 2023. (For planning purposes, state revenues are estimated on the basis of state fiscal years, which begin on July 1, and federal revenues are estimated on the basis of federal fiscal years, which begin on October 1.)
In addition, the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT have incorporated an additional six (6) years of constrained resources into the 10-year STIP. The 10-year total is estimated to be $38,225.8 million. This amount constitutes the funding expected to be available to support the whole FY 2020 - FY 2029 STIP. These revenue estimates were developed cooperatively by the NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and New Jersey’s three MPOs, in full consultation with the FHWA and the FTA, at a meeting held on December 4, 2018.
Tables 1 through 5 list these amounts by year and by funding category, and compares them to the actual amounts programmed in the TIPs and STIP. Following are the revenue assumptions used in developing these tables.
Because New Jersey is classified as a “non-attainment” area with regard to air quality, certain project funding must meet a federal standard of “available or committed” revenue in FY 2020 and FY 2021 to be considered fiscally constrained. Such projects are those which are funded with federal resources, and all other “projects of regional significance” regardless of funding source. All federal funds in FY 2020 and FY 2021 are based on the current federal-aid apportionment tables’ allocations, or equivalent data obtained from the FHWA, the FTA and the FAA, as appropriate, and are therefore considered available. All TTF funding for FY 2020 was appropriated July 1, 2019. Sufficient funds are available or committed to cover funding of projects and programs in the FY 2020 - FY 2021 period. New Jersey’s transportation authorities also use their own revenues to fund various projects classified as “projects of regional significance.” These projects are listed in Section VIII. In addition, the state of New Jersey has made a significant commitment to public transportation through continued operating support from the state’s General Fund.
With two notable exceptions, federal and state funds are not “allocated” to—that is, required to be spent within the boundaries of—the state’s three MPOs. The first exception is for Surface Transportation Block Grant Program (STBGP) funds, some of which are required under a formula in federal regulations to be allocated to specific geographic areas. These allocated funds are shown in the following tables as “STBGP-ALLEN”, “STBGP-NY/NWK”, “STBGP-PGH/NWB”, “STBGP-PHILA”, “STBGP-TRENTON”, “STBGP-AC”, and “TA-ALLEN”, “TA-NY/NWK”, “TA-PGH/NWB”, “TA-PHILA”, “TA-TRENTON”, “TA-AC”. The second exception is Trust Fund state-aid funds, which are allocated on a county-by-county basis under a statutory and regulatory formula.
The actual budgeting of federal and state funds for projects within the MPO areas is a product of the development of the three regional TIPs, the STIP, and legislative approval of the annual Transportation Capital Program. On a statewide basis, the cost of projects programmed for a particular fiscal year must equal the planned resources for that year. Each project must also be assigned to a funding category that is appropriate for the project, and for which adequate funding is available. From year to year there may be significant variations in the amount of funds actually programmed within an MPO area, as needs and specific project implementation schedules dictate. These programming decisions are made on a cooperative basis with the participation of the NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, local government representatives, other agencies (all of whom are members of the MPOs), the State Legislature, citizens’ groups, and the general public.For the purpose of defining a project line item estimate in the STIP, each item includes an estimate of independent contractor costs to produce the project, an estimate of implementing agency costs anticipated in support of the development and delivery of the project, and any payments to third parties regarding matters of right-of-way and utility relocations. The implementing agency costs include activities such as: inspection, testing, equipment and salary costs.
The current STIP and Capital Program provides funding for the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT employee salaries, leave and fringe benefits, overhead, and other administrative costs which benefit the development and delivery of their transportation programs. This funding is provided from both federal-aid and state TTF sources, and these funds are allocated for multi-year and previously authorized project costs. Federal-aid in support of employee and administrative costs is programmed on an individual project basis. TTF funding is programmed as a single item under the heading of “Program Implementation Costs, NJDOT”. For NJ TRANSIT, TTF funding is allocated to specific programs.
Table 6 shows the overall distribution of funds within the STIP, by MPO. Tables 7 through 10 provide detailed breakdowns of expenditures, by funding category, for each of the three MPOs, and for statewide programs.
Multi-year funding is an innovative financing technique to program and authorize only that portion of a given project phase necessary to support reimbursement of planned cash outlays for a given year. Remaining portions of the project phase are programmed in subsequent years. In the first fiscal year of funding for a multi-year funded phase of work, the NJDOT will only seek federal authorization for that portion of the federal funds shown in that fiscal year in the STIP. The remaining balance of funds, for that particular phase of work, will appear in the STIP in the fiscal year that the NJDOT intends to request federal authorization for the remaining funds needed for continuation/completion of the phase/project. Each multi-year federally funded project will be submitted to the FHWA with the condition that authorization to proceed is not a commitment or obligation to provide federal funds for that portion of the undertaking not fully funded herein. Fiscal constraint will be maintained at all times throughout this process.
Table 11 shows current, and future, fiscal year funding needed to complete multi-year federally funded highway projects. Table 11 contains NJDOT-led construction projects, ranging from a low of $10.0 million to $425.838 million in value. The federal multi-year construction level peaks in FY 2026, with $332.2 million of payments due. Table 12 shows current, and future, fiscal year funding needed to complete multi-year state funded highway projects. The individual project pages in the STIP contain specific information for these projects, such as: a detailed project description, project funding source and a total estimated project cost. Table 13 shows current, and future, fiscal year funding and the estimated total funding needed to complete federal equipment lease payments for transit projects.
Toll Credits were created in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), and are to be used as credits toward the non-federal matching share of programs authorized by Title 23 (except for the emergency relief program) and for transit programs authorized by Chapter 53 of Title 49.
The amount of credit earned is based on revenues generated by the toll authority (i.e., toll receipts, concession sales, right-of-way leases or interest), including borrowed funds (i.e., bonds, loans) supported by this revenue stream, that are used by the toll authority to build, improve or maintain highways, bridges and/or tunnels that serve interstate commerce. The federal government has allowed state and local governments to use toll credits as part of the local matching funds in regard to transit grants. This allowance results from the recognition that different modes of transportation are interconnected. Capital expenditures to reduce congestion in a particular corridor benefit all modes of transportation in that corridor, be they automobiles, transit buses, or a rail system.
New Jersey estimates that it will begin federal FY 2020 with a balance of $5,900 million in available toll credits. Both the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT use approximately $325 million in toll credits each year, and earn $850 million in additional toll credits annually. By the end of federal FY 2023, an estimated balance of $8,000 million in toll credits is expected to be available.
With the assumption that federal funds apportionments will continue to remain flat and a steady or increasing request for additional credits will continue, there is an expectation for the available balance of toll credits to accrue over the next 10 years. With new credits outpacing usage, New Jersey expects to have sufficient toll credits to continue to utilize the soft match of federal funds over the entire 10 year plan.
The FHWA and the FTA expect states to adequately maintain facilities on the designated federal-aid system. In New Jersey, the federal-aid system includes transportation facilities under the jurisdiction of many agencies, including: the NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, counties, certain municipalities and authorities. Federal law enacted on July 6, 2012 in the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21rst Century Act (MAP-21) and as subsequently amended by the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act) enacted on December 4, 2015, creates a performance-based approach to the management of federal highway programs. MAP-21 and FAST Act focus on national transportation goals, increasing transparency and accountability for federal highway programs, and improving transportation investment decision making.
The NJDOT inspects all bridges in New Jersey over 20 feet in length every two years. Standards for measuring the condition of bridges have been established nationally, and the program carried out by the NJDOT provides a very good assessment of the health of all the state’s bridges greater than twenty-feet long, regardless of owner. Under MAP-21 legislation, it is expected that states will be charged with meeting or making progress toward a minimum performance level of 90% sufficiency for bridges on the National Highway System (NHS). Bridges on the NHS include not only NJDOT owned bridges, but also bridges owned by counties and other jurisdictions.
There are 6,702 highway carrying bridges over 20 feet long in the state. The NJDOT and county and municipal governments own the largest portion of this population, followed by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTA) and NJ TRANSIT. Statewide, there are 580, or 8.65%, “structurally deficient” bridges, with the remaining 91.35% of bridges classified as “structurally acceptable” condition. It is important to note that a “structurally deficient” bridge does not equate to an unsafe bridge. If any bridge were deemed unsafe, the state would take immediate action to bring the bridge to a safe condition or close the bridge to traffic.
Annual average investments, of approximately $600 million, over the next ten years are planned for bridge rehabilitation and replacement projects. This work includes, but is not limited to; re-decking, seismic retrofitting, security measures, cleaning and repainting of structural steel, substructure repairs and other improvements. Additionally, preservation and maintenance funding will be provided for bridge repairs.
Performance at this investment level is expected to reduce the growth rate of the structural deterioration backlog, and maintain the present system condition level. Capital maintenance investments are also designated to improve the structural integrity of state owned bridge assets.
The state’s road network consists of approximately 38,566 centerline miles of pavement. The NJDOT, the NJTA, and the SJTA maintain approximately 2,685 centerline miles, with the remaining pavement under the responsibility of counties, municipalities and other jurisdictions. Pavement system assets are placed into sub classes defined by the condition levels of “Good,” “Fair,” and “Deficient (Poor).” Approximately 70% of the NJDOT’s, the NJTA’s and the SJTA’s pavement lane miles are in an acceptable condition (Good and Fair).
County-owned roads make up a large portion of the federal-aid system (20%). Each county is responsible for managing its own network of roads, which include facilities both on and off the federal-aid system, and each county may have its own way to measure performance and set condition targets. A similar situation applies to the toll facilities.
To get an adequate picture of the condition of the state’s pavement on the federal-aid system, a consistent standard of measure(s) will be used across all jurisdictions. Under MAP-21 legislation, four measures of pavement condition have been established.
Bridges and pavements make up the largest investments on the federal-aid system, but it is important to recognize that there are other assets that need to be maintained, such as signing, lighting, guiderail and other roadway appurtenances. These assets are in a very good state of repair, and the NJDOT does not expect them to degrade significantly over the next 10 years. The NJDOT makes a concerted effort to address any items that are in a state of disrepair as quickly as possible.
Based on the mandate in MAP-21 (and continued in the FAST Act), FTA developed a rule establishing a strategic and systemic process of operating, maintaining, and improving public transit capital assets effectively through their entire life cycle. The TAMP Final Rule 49 USC 625 became effective October 1, 2016. The TAM rule develops of framework for transit agencies to monitor and manage public transportation assets, increase reliability and performance, and establish performance measures. NJ Transit has completed their TAM plan and it has been submitted to FTA.
The individual descriptions, found in Sections III through VII, provide detailed information for each project or program in the 10-year plan. The top portion for each project/program lists the project/program name (route and section) and the location of the project/program. The Project ID reference number is assigned at project inception and remains with that project until its completion. These are the same reference numbers used by the MPOs in their TIPs. Specific information contained within the detailed project/program description includes; county, municipality, MPO jurisdiction, mileposts (for state highway projects), structure number (for bridge projects), project sponsor, asset management category, air quality code used in the conformity determination process, and financial plan requirement. An explanation of the asset management categories and air quality codes can be found in the Glossary, located in Section XIII of this document. The anticipated funding schedule for each project/program is displayed in the columns at the bottom of each project page. The phases of work and types of funds are further defined in the Glossary. See Figure 7, Section 1, Page 14.
1) Project Name (Route and Section).
2) Unique Project Code, assigned at inception.
3) Detailed project description.
4) County(ies) where project is located.
5) Municipality(ies) where project is located.
6) Mileposts, indicate project limits on State and County roadways.
7) Financial Plan Requirement, annual plan required for federally funded projects with a total cost between $100 and $500 million.
8) Air Quality Code, alphanumeric coding scheme developed for projects and programs which is applied by the MPOs as part of the conformity determination and exempt eligibility identification. See Glossary for more details.
9) Asset Management Category, classification of the project according to the type of work to be done. See Glossary for more details.
10) Legislative District, assigned based on project location.
11) Sponsor, organization sponsoring the project.
12) Structure Number, Unique number assigned to a bridge.
13) MPO, Metropolitan Planning Organization(s) which serve as the forum for cooperative transportation decision making for metropolitan planning areas as required by federal regulations. There are three MPOs in New Jersey: DVRPC, NJTPA, and SJTPO.
14)Phase of Work, classification which indicates the stage of development of a project as it moves through the project delivery process. See Glossary for more details.
15) Fund, funding categories, assigned depending on the type of work. See glossary for more details.
16) Fiscal Year, planned spending (in millions) per fiscal year, phase, and fund source
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Department of Transportation
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Last Updated: November 15, 2019