Vector-Borne Illness

"Vector-borne" is the term used to describe illness that is spread when infected blood-sucking insects (such as mosquitoes and ticks) bite a person.  The Communicable Disease Service has staff dedicated to the monitoring, control and prevention of vector-borne diseases.

Specific activities performed by vector-borne illness staff include:

  • Surveillance of vector-borne diseases
  • Identifying risk factors
  • Monitoring geographic trends
  • Providing technical assistance and training
  • Educating the public
Some common vector-borne diseases in New Jersey include:

Some vector-borne diseases that do not occur in New Jersey but may be identified in travelers returning from other states or countries where these diseases may occur:

Laboratory Testing and Guidance

There are several emerging/reemerging or very rare arboviral diseases that are transmitted by mosquitoes or ticks that may impact NJ residents. Commercial testing may not be widely available, but specialized testing at public health laboratories can be provided for these diseases. Clinicians who would like to request arboviral disease testing should complete the Arboviral Testing Request worksheet and send via encrypted email to CDSVectorTeam@doh.nj.gov.

 

Routine bird testing for WNV has been discontinued, but it is still recommended to report dead or ill birds to the county mosquito control agency; testing birds for WNV remains available by special request.

Last Reviewed: 6/10/2019